Publications

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Submitted
Odeyemi, TI, Igwebueze GU, Abati OO, Ogundotun AO.  Submitted.  Political hibernation in-between elections? Exploring the online communication and mobilisation capacities of Nigeria's political parties Journal of Public Affairs. n/a:e2804., Number n/a AbstractWebsite

A noteworthy limitation among existing studies on the use of online technologies by political parties is the focus on elections. This study extends the frontiers by examining the extent to which Nigeria's political parties use their websites, as well as Facebook and Twitter platforms to communicate and mobilise citizens during and beyond elections. Using web assessment survey, data collected from the online platforms of registered political parties in February 2015 and February 2017 were analysed—to see trends in online activities during (2015 elections) and outside of elections (2017). The study reveals that the parties are caught in the web of the contradictory possibilities of digital engagement. On the one hand, is an online quiescence in the period between elections, which is premised on poor party institutionalisation. On the other hand, the parties are largely unable to reverse elements of institutionalisation challenges by leveraging digital tools to develop roots in the society and boost their public image. This quandary helps to demonstrate where the Nigerian party system fits in the equalisation versus normalisation debate on the utility of digital tools.

2021
Shittu, AK, Mbada KA, Odeyemi TI.  2021.  Evaluating the Impact and Effectiveness of Community-Based Health Insurance Policy Among Informal Sector in Lagos State Using Donabedian Model. International Journal of Public and Private Perspectives on Healthcare, Culture, and the Environment (IJPPPHCE). 5(2):65-80.
Odeyemi, TI, Abati OO.  2021.  When disconnected institutions serve connected publics: subnational legislatures and digital public engagement in Nigeria. The Journal of Legislative Studies. 27:357-380., Number 3: Routledge AbstractWebsite

ABSTRACTIn this article, the authors argue that for Nigerian subnational parliaments to improve their public image, public understanding of their roles, and to be more transparent and inclusive, they must improve digital engagement practices. This is because the majority of citizens are active online, articulating political conversations on many issues, including the conduct and performance of public institutions and officials. Also, subnational parliaments are ‘closer to the people’ yet are still perceived to be ‘closed’ institutions, while exercising ‘power of the purse’ directly and indirectly over nearly half of all nationally generated revenue. Drawing on content analysis of parliamentary websites and social media (Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube) accounts of the 36 houses of Assembly, and interviews of relevant officials, the authors show that although an online presence is largely mainstream, the depth of use for publishing information and citizen engagement is very low. The authors identify explanatory factors for this and draw relevant conclusions.

2020
Ogunbodede, OS, Idowu HA, Odeyemi TI.  2020.  Students’ Union–Management relations and conflict resolution mechanisms in Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria. African Journal on Conflict Resolution. 20(1):103-131.ogunbodedeidowuodeyemi2020.pdf
2019
Odeyemi, TI, Abioro T.  2019.  Digital Technologies, Online Engagement and Parliament-Citizen Relations in Nigeria and South Africa. Perspectives on the Legislature and the Prospects of Accountability in Nigeria and South Africa. (Fagbadebo, Omololu, Ruffin, Fayth, Eds.).:217–232., Cham: Springer International Publishing Abstract

As an institution of governance, the parliament is the soul of democratic societies. The parliament typifies the presence of the people in the running of governmental activity. It monitors the actions of public officials towards ensuring adherence to initiatives and measures that advance the people's well-being. Relations between parliamentarians and citizens are, thus, critical on two fronts. Parliament – citizen relations are important in ensuring that elected parliamentarians are responsive to the desires of their constituents; and enable the people to hold their elected representatives accountable. In bridging communication gaps between the people and lawmakers, the Internet, social media and mobile phones, as digital technologies, have prospects in enabling the desired level of citizen engagement critical to democratic practice. This chapter explores, in comparative terms, the use of digital technologies by the national parliaments in Africa's two largest economies, Nigeria and South Africa. It examines the extent to which digital technologies are used in facilitating parliament – citizen relations in the two countries and how this connects with citizens' demands of accountability on national parliaments, and links between elected representatives and their constituents. The paper draws on data obtained through measurement of the online resources, especially websites and social media pages, of the parliaments. The chapter contributes to frameworks on how digital technologies can enhance parliament – citizen relations and good governance in sub-Saharan Africa.

2018
Odeyemi, TI, Obiyan SA.  2018.  Digital policing technologies and democratic policing: Will the internet, social media and mobile phone enhance police accountability and police–citizen relations in Nigeria? International Journal of Police Science & Management. 20:97-108., Number 2 AbstractWebsite

The police are expected to perform functions critical to relations between the government and citizens in democratic societies. However, in Nigeria, the reality is that the police organisation suffers limitations that undermine effective and democratic policing. Although the Nigeria Police Force has a long and chequered history, its services are dogged by challenges including adversarial police–citizen relations and mutual suspicion and police misconduct. To address these problems and enhance policing, the Nigeria Police Force has deployed digital technologies through a Complaint Response Unit [later renamed the Public Complaint Rapid Response Unit (PCRRU)]. The PCRRU allows the public to connect with the police through dedicated phone numbers for calls and SMS, and a round-the-clock presence on Twitter, Facebook, WhatsApp, Blackberry Messenger and a mobile application. Although this initiative often draws attention and commendation, it also raises doubts about sustenance and utility value. Drawing on David Easton’s input–output nexus as a theoretical underpinning on the one hand, and data sourced through expert opinion interviews and web measurement on the other hand, this article investigates how these digital policing technologies, through the PCRRU, enhance efforts at mutually rewarding police–citizen relations and police accountability, as requisites of democratic policing, in Nigeria. The findings expand discussion on the dimensions of Nigeria’s police–citizen relations and the potentials of technology in promoting positive outcomes. The findings also suggest means through which police managers can optimise technology in ways that aid strategic efforts at improving public security.

Odeyemi, TI, Obiyan SA.  2018.  Exploring the subsidiarity principle in policing and the operations of the Nigeria Police Force. African Security Review. 27:42-60., Number 1: Routledge AbstractWebsite

ABSTRACTThe provisions of the 1999 Constitution, which recognises the existence of a single police force and forbids parallel police organisations, have oftentimes generated controversies among actors in the Nigerian federal polity. Rising insecurity precipitates lingering questions on the utility and adequacy of a single, highly centralised and centrally controlled police force given Nigeria’s geographic vastness and demographic diversity. Conversely, arguments have also dwelt on the dangers of fragmentation considering Nigeria’s psychosocial, economic and political nature. This article attempts to balance these arguments by analysing policing and the operations of the Nigeria Police Force (NPF) through the lens of the subsidiarity principle. Subsidiarity is a governance principle in federations, captured in the founding documents of the European Union (EU), which prescribes that governmental powers, authorities and duties should be held by the tier that can best perform them equitably, efficiently, effectively, suitably and based on interest and need. Drawing largely on interviews with purposively selected police scholars, political actors, civil society organisations and police personnel, the paper contends that this principle offers a pragmatic solution to the perennial problems of intergovernmental frictions on the use of the police within the context of governance in the Nigerian federation.

2017
Fagbadebo, O, Agunyai SC, Odeyemi TI.  2017.  Intra-party crisis and the prospects of democratic stability in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic: Insights from the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP). In A. Amtaika (Ed.), The Democratization of Africa: Dynamics and Trends. , Austin, Texas : Pan-African University Press
2016
2015
Odeyemi, TI, Mosunmola OO.  2015.  Stakeholders, Information and Communication Technologies platforms and the 2015 General Elections in Nigeria, 28th July. National Conference on the 2015 General Elections in Nigeria: The Real Issues. , The Electoral Institute, Independent National Electoral Commission, Abuja, Nigeriastakeholders_icts_platforms_and_the_electoral_process_odeyemi_mosunmola_ed.pdf
2014
Awofeso, O, Odeyemi TI.  2014.  Gender and political participation in Nigeria: a cultural perspective. Journal of Research in Peace, Gender and Development. 4(5):104–110.gender_and_political_participation_in_nigeria.pdf
Afolabi, OS, Odeyemi TI.  2014.  Information and Communications Technology and the 2011 General Elections in Nigeria.. African Journal of Institutions and Development. IX(I&II):350–364.
Fagbadebo, OM, Agunyai SC, Odeyemi TI.  2014.  A reflection on political parties as institutions of good governance: Views from Nigeria’s presidential system.. In W. Idada and M. L. Rilwani, (Eds.), Governance, Peace and Security in Africa. , Benin City: Ambik Press Limiteda_reflection_on_political_parties_as_institutions_of_good_governance.doc