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Folayan, M.  2018.  A compendium on oral health of children around the world: early childhood caries. . , 400 Ser Avenue, Suite 1600, Hauppauge, NY, 11788.: Nova Science Publishers Inc.
Ogunba, OA, Ajayi CA.  2018.  Property Feasibility & Viability Studies. , Ile-Ife: Obafemi Awolowo University Press
Ogunba, OA, Ajayi CA.  2018.  Property Feasibility and Viability Studies. , Ile-Ife: Obafemi Awolowo University Press, Ile-Ife
Babatunde, S, Perera S.  2017.  Cross-sectional comparison of public-private partnerships in transport infrastructure development in Nigeria, 2017/10/09. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management. 24:00-00. Abstract

PurposeAlthough scientific research community has shown considerable interest in identifying critical success factors (CSFs) for public-private partnership (PPP) projects, yet effort at assessing and compare CSFs within similar PPP infrastructure projects received scant attention. The purpose of this study is to identify, assess, and compare the CSFs in PPP transport infrastructure projects.
Design/methodology/approach
The study adopted literature review and three PPP case studies including structured interviews and review of documentary reports in each case study. The outcome of literature review provided a total list of 26 identified success factors, which was used to design a case study protocol using Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) technique. FMEA was conducted on each 26 identified success factor to assess their criticality in the three PPP case studies.
Findings
The results of FMEA revealed a total of 10 CSFs in the concession of the road; four CSFs in the concession of the airport; and eight CSFs in the concession of the seaport. Also, the cross-case analysis showed the three prevalent CSFs, this includes government involvement by providing guarantees, political support, and project economic viability.
Practical implications
The study findings including lessons learnt in each case study would positively influence policy development towards PPP transport infrastructure projects and the manner in which partners (i.e. public and private sector) go about the development of PPP transport projects.
Originality/value
This research would help PPP stakeholders to focus their attention and priorities in managing the identified CSFs in achieving long-term success in PPP transport infrastructure projects implementation.

Ramoni, R, R Asher S, White J, Vaderhobli R, Ogunbodede E, Walji M, Riedy C, Kalenderian E.  2016.  Honoring Dental Patients' Privacy Rule Right of Access in the Context of Electronic Health Records, 2016/06/01. Journal of dental education. 80:691-696. Abstract

A person's right to access his or her protected health information is a core feature of the U.S. Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) Privacy Rule. If the information is stored electronically, covered entities must be able to provide patients with some type of machine-readable, electronic copy of their data. The aim of this study was to understand how academic dental institutions execute the Privacy Rule's right of access in the context of electronic health records (EHRs). A validated electronic survey was distributed to the clinical deans of 62 U.S. dental schools during a two-month period in 2014. The response rate to the survey was 53.2% (N=33). However, three surveys were partially completed, and of the 30 completed surveys, the 24 respondents who reported using axiUm as the EHR at their dental school clinic were the ones on which the results were based (38.7% of total schools at the time). Of the responses analyzed, 86% agreed that clinical modules should be considered part of a patient's dental record, and all agreed that student teaching-related modules should not. Great variability existed among these clinical deans as to whether administrative and financial modules should be considered part of a patient record. When patients request their records, close to 50% of responding schools provide the information exclusively on paper. This study found variation among dental schools in their implementation of the Privacy Rule right of access, and although all the respondents had adopted EHRs, a large number return records in paper format.

Githua Macigo, F, Mutave R, Ogunbodede E, Gathece L.  2016.  Sugar consumption and dental caries experience in Kenya, 2016/04/05. International dental journal. 66 Abstract

Introduction:There have been claims that dental caries experience and prevalence in Kenya has been increasing as a result of increased sugar consumption. A review of the literature in 1986 failed to link dental caries experience with an increase in gross national sugar consumption. Subsequently, a number of studies were conducted, necessitating further review to examine trends in dental caries experience and to relate this to changes in per capita sugar consumption.
Methods:
Studies conducted since 1980 for children 3-15 years of age were examined. Dental caries prevalence and experience for 3-5 years' (deciduous teeth) and 12 years' (permanent teeth) age groups were analysed. Calculation of per capita sugar consumption was performed using gross national annual sugar consumption for 1969-2009 national population census years.
Results:
There was a gradual increase in per capita sugar consumption, from 35.5 g/day in 1969 to 60.8 g/day in 2009. Dental caries experience in deciduous teeth for children 3-5 years of age increased from a decayed, missing and filled teeth/decayed and filled teeth (dmft/dft) index of 1.5 in the 1980s to 2.95 in the 2000s. At 12 years of age, caries experience for permanent teeth increased from a DMFT of 0.2 to a DMFT of 0.92 over the same period. Dental caries prevalence for both deciduous and permanent teeth also increased with time.
Conclusion:
These observations suggest that dental caries prevalence and experience increased with time, in parallel to an increase in per capita sugar consumption. However, a clearer understanding can be derived from longitudinal studies, based on actual household age-specific sugar consumption and dental caries incidence.

Ajayi, CA.  2016.  Green Building and Sustainable Property Management in Nigeria: Problems and Prospects,. , Ota: 5th College Lecture delivered at College of Environmental Sciences, Bells University of Technology, Ota
Ayoh'OMIDIRE, F.  2016.  OXENTE, Viva o português brasileiro!. Nova Edição Atualizada. , Lagos: Fobeh Publishers
Ogunbodede, E, A Kida I, S Madjapa H, Amedari M, Ehizele A, Mutave R, Sodipo B, Temilola S, Okoye L.  2015.  Oral Health Inequalities between Rural and Urban Populations of the African and Middle East Region, 2015/07/01. Advances in dental research. 27:18-25. Abstract

Although there have been major improvements in oral health, with remarkable advances in the prevention and management of oral diseases, globally, inequalities persist between urban and rural communities. These inequalities exist in the distribution of oral health services, accessibility, utilization, treatment outcomes, oral health knowledge and practices, health insurance coverage, oral health-related quality of life, and prevalence of oral diseases, among others. People living in rural areas are likely to be poorer, be less health literate, have more caries, have fewer teeth, have no health insurance coverage, and have less money to spend on dental care than persons living in urban areas. Rural areas are often associated with lower education levels, which in turn have been found to be related to lower levels of health literacy and poor use of health care services. These factors have an impact on oral health care, service delivery, and research. Hence, unmet dental care remains one of the most urgent health care needs in these communities. We highlight some of the conceptual issues relating to urban-rural inequalities in oral health, especially in the African and Middle East Region (AMER). Actions to reduce oral health inequalities and ameliorate rural-urban disparity are necessary both within the health sector and the wider policy environment. Recommended actions include population-specific oral health promotion programs, measures aimed at increasing access to oral health services in rural areas, integration of oral health into existing primary health care services, and support for research aimed at informing policy on the social determinants of health. Concerted efforts must be made by all stakeholders (governments, health care workforce, organizations, and communities) to reduce disparities and improve oral health outcomes in underserved populations.© International & American Associations for Dental Research 2015.

Gbadegesin, AS, Eze EB, Oluwagbenga OOI, Fashae OA.  2015.  Frontiers in Environmental Research and Sustainable Environment in the 21st Century. , Ibadan: Ibadan University Press AbstractFrontiers in Environmental Research and Sustainable Environment in the 21st Century_Contents

The primary object of this book is to present current issues and problems relating to environmental sustainability and to discuss them as elements of the earth’s surface. This book is timely because of the widespread interest in geographical approaches to solving environmental problems. However, the celebration of the two Giants of Geography – Emeritus Professor Adetoye Faniran and Professor Olusegun Areola from the Department of Geography, University of Ibadan, Nigeria afforded scholars to share their interest especially because of the opportunity to celebrate the erudite Giants by holding a National Colloquium on Frontiers in Environmental Research and Sustainable Environment in the 21st Century. The collections of articles in this book result from the scholars’ concerns to evaluate environmental geographical applicability to environmental management in several natural resource fields. The study of such complexes requires more than one individual. This has led to the concept of interdisciplinary research which involves diversity of skills and specialties. Environmental geography has for some time been prominent in research and management studies, but only a few components have been measured or considered in most instances.

Adesina, OA.  2015.  A Journey Through the Beautiful World of Differential Equations (Inaugural Lecture). , Ile-Ife: Obafemi Awolowo University Press
Ayoh'OMIDIRE, F.  2015.  Pèrègún y otras fabulaciones de mi tierra. Edición . , La Habana, Cuba: Editorial Arte y Literatura
Ogunbodede, E, AMEDARI MI, Rudolph M.  2014.  FOOD SECURITY AND ORAL HEALTH OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN NIGERIA., 2014/06/27. Abstract

Objective: Oral health is associated with the availability, accessibility, and utilization of food. The objective of this study is to investigate the physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food among university students in Nigeria, and relate these to their oral health.Method: Extensive literature review was conducted using internet sources, journal publications and official reports. Cross-sectional stratified random sampling was conducted for undergraduate university students resident on campus at Obafemi Awolowo University. Data was collected using a modified format of the United States Household Food Security Survey Module of the USDA, with a section on oral health. Data was analysed using the SPSS Statistical package (Version 16) and differences were taken as significant at p<0.05.
Result:
Using the data collected, respondents were categorised into a “food secure” and “food insecure” groups. Food insecure individuals were more likely to have dental pathologies including toothache, gum bleeding, and oro-facial pain. They also had more
frequent history of tooth removal, irregular dental visit and less frequent tooth brush
Conclusion: Individuals challenged by the unavailability, inaccessibility, and poor utilization of safe and nutritious foods tend to have poorer oral health compared to those with better food security.

San-Martin, L, CASTAO SEIQUER SR A, Ribas Pérez D, Ogunbodede E.  2014.  Undergraduate Geriatric Dentistry Programs in Spain, 2014/06/26. Current Research in Dentistry. 6 Abstract

Objective: Over the past few decades, the world has experienced a gradual increase in the percentage of elderly people aged 65 years and over. As this elderly population increases, evidence suggests that their demand for dental services would increase. The increasing population of the elderly population in Spain has underlined the need for the dental profession to take pay particular attention to the oral health needs of older patients. The aim of this report is to present a preliminary assessment of the undergraduate Geriatric Dentistry programs in Spanish dental schools.Method: Study participants included all the dental schools in Spain (n=19). Using a simple, 12-item questionnaire, information was collected regarding the geriatric dental education programs from the official websites of all the schools.
Results: Only 42% (n=8) of schools offered a specific geriatric dentistry course. No significant differences were found in the proportion of public and private dental schools with geriatric dentistry departments (p=0.1312).
Conclusion: More studies on the curriculum content, design, implementation and evaluation of geriatric dentistry programs at the undergraduate level should be developed. Research must also focus on assessing the access and improvement to the oral care of the elderly population. Dental schools, organizations, local and state governments need to work together, using a multidisciplinary approach, in responding to the unmet needs of the elderly population.

San-Martin, L, CASTAO SEIQUER SR A, Ribas Pérez D, Ogunbodede E.  2014.  Undergraduate Geriatric Dentistry Programs in Spain, 2014/06/26. Current Research in Dentistry. 6 Abstract

Objective: Over the past few decades, the world has experienced a gradual increase in the percentage of elderly people aged 65 years and over. As this elderly population increases, evidence suggests that their demand for dental services would increase. The increasing population of the elderly population in Spain has underlined the need for the dental profession to take pay particular attention to the oral health needs of older patients. The aim of this report is to present a preliminary assessment of the undergraduate Geriatric Dentistry programs in Spanish dental schools.Method: Study participants included all the dental schools in Spain (n=19). Using a simple, 12-item questionnaire, information was collected regarding the geriatric dental education programs from the official websites of all the schools.
Results: Only 42% (n=8) of schools offered a specific geriatric dentistry course. No significant differences were found in the proportion of public and private dental schools with geriatric dentistry departments (p=0.1312).
Conclusion: More studies on the curriculum content, design, implementation and evaluation of geriatric dentistry programs at the undergraduate level should be developed. Research must also focus on assessing the access and improvement to the oral care of the elderly population. Dental schools, organizations, local and state governments need to work together, using a multidisciplinary approach, in responding to the unmet needs of the elderly population.

Ogunbodede, E.  2014.  Inequality in oral health between rural and urban areas, 2014/06/24. Abstract
n/a
Braimoh, M, Ogunbodede E, Adeniyi A.  2014.  Integration of Oral Health into Primary Health Care System: Views of Primary Health Care Workers in Lagos State, Nigeria, 2014/03/05. journal of public health in africa. 5:35. Abstract

The limited access to oral health care in developing countries can be greatly improved by integrating oral health into the Primary Health Care (PHC) system. This study was designed to assess the views of PHC workers on integrating oral health care into the PHC system. A self-administered questionnaire sur- vey was conducted in two selected local govern- ment areas of Lagos State. The instrument contained three sections assessing socio- demographic features, knowledge of common oral diseases and views on integration of oral health into PHC respectively. The mean knowl- edge score was 7.75 (SD=±1.81), while 60.4% of the respondents had average knowledge scores. Educational status (P=0.018) and des- ignation (P=0.033) were significantly related to the mean knowledge scores. There was no significant difference in the oral health knowl- edge of the various cadres (P=0.393). Majority (85.4%) of the respondents were willing to include oral health education in their job schedule and 82% believed they needed more training on oral health. The knowledge of the respondents on the causes of the common oral diseases was deficient. Oral health education should be included in the future curriculum of these personnel.

Sofowora, A, Ogunbodede E, Onayade A.  2013.  The Role and Place of Medicinal Plants in the Strategies for Disease Prevention, 2013/08/14. African journal of traditional, complementary, and alternative medicines : AJTCAM / African Networks on Ethnomedicines. 10:210-229. Abstract

Medicinal plants have been used in healthcare since time immemorial. Studies have been carried out globally to verify their efficacy and some of the findings have led to the production of plant-based medicines. The global market value of medicinal plant products exceeds $100 billion per annum. This paper discusses the role, contributions and usefulness of medicinal plants in tackling the diseases of public health importance, with particular emphasis on the current strategic approaches to disease prevention. A comparison is drawn between the 'whole population' and 'high-risk' strategies. The usefulness of the common-factor approach as a method of engaging other health promoters in propagating the ideals of medicinal plants is highlighted. The place of medicinal plants in preventing common diseases is further examined under the five core principles of the Primary Health Care (PHC) approach. Medicinal plants play vital roles in disease prevention and their promotion and use fit into all existing prevention strategies. However, conscious efforts need to be made to properly identify, recognise and position medicinal plants in the design and implementation of these strategies. These approaches present interesting and emerging perspectives in the field of medicinal plants. Recommendations are proposed for strategising the future role and place for medicinal plants in disease prevention.

San-Martin, L, Ogunbodede E, Kalenderian E.  2013.  A 50-year audit of published peer-reviewed literature on pit and fissure sealants, 1962–2011, 2013/06/14. Acta odontologica Scandinavica. 71 Abstract

Objective:Pit and fissure sealants have been used for many decades to prevent the initiation of caries on susceptible tooth surfaces. The purpose of this study was to analyze the peer-reviewed published scientific literature on pit and fissure sealants over the last 50 years.
Materials and methods:
On the PubMed database, all publications on pit and fissure sealants from 1962-2011 were extracted using the search phrase [(pit OR fissure) AND (sealant OR sealants OR adhesive)]. Details of all retrievals were individually entered into SPSS for analysis.
Results:
A total of 2829 publications were found. The mean number of authors was 2.73 ± 1.90 (range = 1-23). Although single-authorship was the modal group with 32.1%, it had a sustained decrease from 75.0% for 1962-1971 to 17.6% for 2002-2011. On the contrary, publications with three or more authors increased from 8.3% to 47.3% during the same period. Human studies accounted for 88.6% and clinical trial was 11.9%, followed by reviews at 10.2% and randomized controlled trials at 6.9%. English was the language of reporting for 82.0% of the studies.
Conclusion:
It is anticipated that future research on pit and fissure sealants will focus on newer and more effective materials.

Fatusi, O, Ogunbodede E.  2013.  Respect For Patient’s Autonomy And Traditional Incursion Into Orthodox Care, 2013/03/22. Abstract

Objective: To explore the ethical obligations of the surgeon to a patient who decided to seek cure from traditional healers in a country that recognises the two forms of care.Method: Case scenario and literature support of the ethical issues involved. Mr YK, 19-year-old secondary School student, who presented in the Maxillofacial surgery outpatient clinic with a 6 week history of jaw swelling. Despite the swelling, he was in good health. He neither smoked nor took alcohol. Examination revealed a firm to bony hard swelling in the right mandible and radiology revealed a radiolucent lesion. Incisional biopsy revealed malignant fibrous histiocytoma. The parents who would be financially responsible for the treatment were invited for a discussion but the mother was at the stage of “denial” and insisted that nobody had ever had ‘cancer’ in their family so her son could not have ‘cancer’. Their request for time to think it over was granted and the danger of delayed treatment was emphasized.
Result: The patient and parents were lost to follow-up for over two months and by the time they showed up in the clinic, the case was inoperable. We decided on the option of pre-operative chemotherapy to shrink the lesion but the patient deteriorated very fast and passed on. It was not surprising that the period of “temporary disappearance” was spent at a trado-medical hospital (herbalist). The ethical implications are discussed.
Conclusion: There is an urgent need to regulate traditional practice and encourage referral of serious cases by its practitioners.

Ogunbodede, E.  2013.  Population ageing and the implications for oral health in Africa, 2013/03/01. Gerodontology. 30:1-2. Abstract
n/a
San-Martin, L, Castaño A, Bravo M, Tavares M, Niederman R, Ogunbodede E.  2013.  Dental sealant knowledge, opinion, values and practice of Spanish dentists, 2013/02/08. BMC oral health. 13:12. Abstract

BackgroundMultiple guidelines and systematic reviews recommend sealant use to reduce caries risk. Yet, multiple reports also indicate that sealants are significantly underutilized. This study examined the knowledge, opinions, values, and practice (KOVP) of dentists concerning sealant use in the southwest region of Andalusia, Spain. This is a prelude to the generation of a regional plan for improving children’s oral health in Andalusia.
Methods
The survey’s target population was dentists working in western Andalusia, equally distributed in the provinces of Seville, Cadiz, and Huelva (N=2,047). A convenience sample of meeting participants and meeting participant email lists (N=400) were solicited from the annual course on Community and Pediatric Dentistry. This course is required for all public health sector dentists, and is open to all private sector dentists. Information on the dentist’s KOVP of sealants was collected using four-part questionnaire with 31, 5-point Likert-scaled questions.
Results
The survey population demographics included 190 men (48%) and 206 women (52%) with an average clinical experience of 10.6 (± 8.4) years and 9.3 (± 7.5) years, respectively. A significant sex difference was observed in the distribution of place of work (urban/suburb) (p=0.001), but no sex differences between working sector (public/private). The mean ± SD values for each of the four KOVP sections for pit and fissure sealants were: knowledge = 3.57 ± 0.47; opinion = 2.48 ± 0.47; value = 2.74 ± 0.52; and practice = 3.48 ± 0.50. No sex differences were found in KOVP (all p >0.4). Independent of sex: knowledge statistically differed by years of experience and place of work; opinion statistically differed by years of experience and sector; and practice statistically differed by years of experience and sector. Less experienced dentists tended to have slightly higher scores (~0.25 on a Likert 1–5 scale). Statistically significant correlations were found between knowledge and practice (r=0.44, p=0.00) and between opinion and value (r=0.35, p=0.00).
Conclusions
The results suggest that, similar to other countries, Andalusian dentists know that sealants are effective, have neutral to positive attitudes toward sealants; though, based on epidemiological studies, underuse sealants. Therefore, methods other than classical behavior change (eg: financial or legal mechanisms) will be required to change practice patterns aimed at improving children's oral health.

San-Martin, L, Castaño A, Bravo M, Tavares M, Niederman R, Ogunbodede E.  2013.  Dental sealant knowledge, opinion, values and practice of Spanish dentists, 2013/02/08. BMC oral health. 13:12. Abstract

BackgroundMultiple guidelines and systematic reviews recommend sealant use to reduce caries risk. Yet, multiple reports also indicate that sealants are significantly underutilized. This study examined the knowledge, opinions, values, and practice (KOVP) of dentists concerning sealant use in the southwest region of Andalusia, Spain. This is a prelude to the generation of a regional plan for improving children’s oral health in Andalusia.
Methods
The survey’s target population was dentists working in western Andalusia, equally distributed in the provinces of Seville, Cadiz, and Huelva (N=2,047). A convenience sample of meeting participants and meeting participant email lists (N=400) were solicited from the annual course on Community and Pediatric Dentistry. This course is required for all public health sector dentists, and is open to all private sector dentists. Information on the dentist’s KOVP of sealants was collected using four-part questionnaire with 31, 5-point Likert-scaled questions.
Results
The survey population demographics included 190 men (48%) and 206 women (52%) with an average clinical experience of 10.6 (± 8.4) years and 9.3 (± 7.5) years, respectively. A significant sex difference was observed in the distribution of place of work (urban/suburb) (p=0.001), but no sex differences between working sector (public/private). The mean ± SD values for each of the four KOVP sections for pit and fissure sealants were: knowledge = 3.57 ± 0.47; opinion = 2.48 ± 0.47; value = 2.74 ± 0.52; and practice = 3.48 ± 0.50. No sex differences were found in KOVP (all p >0.4). Independent of sex: knowledge statistically differed by years of experience and place of work; opinion statistically differed by years of experience and sector; and practice statistically differed by years of experience and sector. Less experienced dentists tended to have slightly higher scores (~0.25 on a Likert 1–5 scale). Statistically significant correlations were found between knowledge and practice (r=0.44, p=0.00) and between opinion and value (r=0.35, p=0.00).
Conclusions
The results suggest that, similar to other countries, Andalusian dentists know that sealants are effective, have neutral to positive attitudes toward sealants; though, based on epidemiological studies, underuse sealants. Therefore, methods other than classical behavior change (eg: financial or legal mechanisms) will be required to change practice patterns aimed at improving children's oral health.