Publications

Export 5520 results:
Sort by: Author Title [ Type  (Asc)] Year
Book
Ogunbodede, E.  2014.  Inequality in oral health between rural and urban areas, 2014/06/24. Abstract
n/a
Braimoh, M, Ogunbodede E, Adeniyi A.  2014.  Integration of Oral Health into Primary Health Care System: Views of Primary Health Care Workers in Lagos State, Nigeria, 2014/03/05. journal of public health in africa. 5:35. Abstract

The limited access to oral health care in developing countries can be greatly improved by integrating oral health into the Primary Health Care (PHC) system. This study was designed to assess the views of PHC workers on integrating oral health care into the PHC system. A self-administered questionnaire sur- vey was conducted in two selected local govern- ment areas of Lagos State. The instrument contained three sections assessing socio- demographic features, knowledge of common oral diseases and views on integration of oral health into PHC respectively. The mean knowl- edge score was 7.75 (SD=±1.81), while 60.4% of the respondents had average knowledge scores. Educational status (P=0.018) and des- ignation (P=0.033) were significantly related to the mean knowledge scores. There was no significant difference in the oral health knowl- edge of the various cadres (P=0.393). Majority (85.4%) of the respondents were willing to include oral health education in their job schedule and 82% believed they needed more training on oral health. The knowledge of the respondents on the causes of the common oral diseases was deficient. Oral health education should be included in the future curriculum of these personnel.

Patience, U, Adesina F, Orimoogunje O.  2014.  Plantation Agriculture as a Driver of Deforestation and Degradation of Central African Coastal Estuarine Forest Landscape of South-Western Cameroon, 2014/01/01. Abstract

Plantation agriculture has a long history of establishment in Cameroon and is increasing at an unprecedented rate with detrimental impacts on coastal estuarine forest landscape. Remote sensing data from Landsat imageries and geographic information system (GIS) techniques were used to analyse changes in the areal extent of plantations within the coastal Atlantic estuarine forest complex area of Cameroon between the periods 1986, 2000 and 2011 to ascertain the extent of deforestation due to plantation agriculture. Given the base year of 1986(67,792 ha of plantation), the results showed a 67 and 47 % decrease in the dense coastal estuarine forest coverage in 2000 (14,032 ha) and 2011 (24,564 ha), respectively, in the area and an increase in the area occupied by plantations (51,295 ha in 2000 and 68,340 ha in 2011) giving an annual loss of 3.4 % estuarine forest complex and an increase in plantation area of 0.03 % from the periods 1986 to 2011. There is need for better plantation management practices and policies to curb further loss in estuarine forest cover with consequent implications on the Wouri estuary.

Sofowora, A, Ogunbodede E, Onayade A.  2013.  The Role and Place of Medicinal Plants in the Strategies for Disease Prevention, 2013/08/14. African journal of traditional, complementary, and alternative medicines : AJTCAM / African Networks on Ethnomedicines. 10:210-229. Abstract

Medicinal plants have been used in healthcare since time immemorial. Studies have been carried out globally to verify their efficacy and some of the findings have led to the production of plant-based medicines. The global market value of medicinal plant products exceeds $100 billion per annum. This paper discusses the role, contributions and usefulness of medicinal plants in tackling the diseases of public health importance, with particular emphasis on the current strategic approaches to disease prevention. A comparison is drawn between the 'whole population' and 'high-risk' strategies. The usefulness of the common-factor approach as a method of engaging other health promoters in propagating the ideals of medicinal plants is highlighted. The place of medicinal plants in preventing common diseases is further examined under the five core principles of the Primary Health Care (PHC) approach. Medicinal plants play vital roles in disease prevention and their promotion and use fit into all existing prevention strategies. However, conscious efforts need to be made to properly identify, recognise and position medicinal plants in the design and implementation of these strategies. These approaches present interesting and emerging perspectives in the field of medicinal plants. Recommendations are proposed for strategising the future role and place for medicinal plants in disease prevention.

San-Martin, L, Ogunbodede E, Kalenderian E.  2013.  A 50-year audit of published peer-reviewed literature on pit and fissure sealants, 1962–2011, 2013/06/14. Acta odontologica Scandinavica. 71 Abstract

Objective:Pit and fissure sealants have been used for many decades to prevent the initiation of caries on susceptible tooth surfaces. The purpose of this study was to analyze the peer-reviewed published scientific literature on pit and fissure sealants over the last 50 years.
Materials and methods:
On the PubMed database, all publications on pit and fissure sealants from 1962-2011 were extracted using the search phrase [(pit OR fissure) AND (sealant OR sealants OR adhesive)]. Details of all retrievals were individually entered into SPSS for analysis.
Results:
A total of 2829 publications were found. The mean number of authors was 2.73 ± 1.90 (range = 1-23). Although single-authorship was the modal group with 32.1%, it had a sustained decrease from 75.0% for 1962-1971 to 17.6% for 2002-2011. On the contrary, publications with three or more authors increased from 8.3% to 47.3% during the same period. Human studies accounted for 88.6% and clinical trial was 11.9%, followed by reviews at 10.2% and randomized controlled trials at 6.9%. English was the language of reporting for 82.0% of the studies.
Conclusion:
It is anticipated that future research on pit and fissure sealants will focus on newer and more effective materials.

Fatusi, O, Ogunbodede E.  2013.  Respect For Patient’s Autonomy And Traditional Incursion Into Orthodox Care, 2013/03/22. Abstract

Objective: To explore the ethical obligations of the surgeon to a patient who decided to seek cure from traditional healers in a country that recognises the two forms of care.Method: Case scenario and literature support of the ethical issues involved. Mr YK, 19-year-old secondary School student, who presented in the Maxillofacial surgery outpatient clinic with a 6 week history of jaw swelling. Despite the swelling, he was in good health. He neither smoked nor took alcohol. Examination revealed a firm to bony hard swelling in the right mandible and radiology revealed a radiolucent lesion. Incisional biopsy revealed malignant fibrous histiocytoma. The parents who would be financially responsible for the treatment were invited for a discussion but the mother was at the stage of “denial” and insisted that nobody had ever had ‘cancer’ in their family so her son could not have ‘cancer’. Their request for time to think it over was granted and the danger of delayed treatment was emphasized.
Result: The patient and parents were lost to follow-up for over two months and by the time they showed up in the clinic, the case was inoperable. We decided on the option of pre-operative chemotherapy to shrink the lesion but the patient deteriorated very fast and passed on. It was not surprising that the period of “temporary disappearance” was spent at a trado-medical hospital (herbalist). The ethical implications are discussed.
Conclusion: There is an urgent need to regulate traditional practice and encourage referral of serious cases by its practitioners.

Ogunbodede, E.  2013.  Population ageing and the implications for oral health in Africa, 2013/03/01. Gerodontology. 30:1-2. Abstract
n/a
San-Martin, L, Castaño A, Bravo M, Tavares M, Niederman R, Ogunbodede E.  2013.  Dental sealant knowledge, opinion, values and practice of Spanish dentists, 2013/02/08. BMC oral health. 13:12. Abstract

BackgroundMultiple guidelines and systematic reviews recommend sealant use to reduce caries risk. Yet, multiple reports also indicate that sealants are significantly underutilized. This study examined the knowledge, opinions, values, and practice (KOVP) of dentists concerning sealant use in the southwest region of Andalusia, Spain. This is a prelude to the generation of a regional plan for improving children’s oral health in Andalusia.
Methods
The survey’s target population was dentists working in western Andalusia, equally distributed in the provinces of Seville, Cadiz, and Huelva (N=2,047). A convenience sample of meeting participants and meeting participant email lists (N=400) were solicited from the annual course on Community and Pediatric Dentistry. This course is required for all public health sector dentists, and is open to all private sector dentists. Information on the dentist’s KOVP of sealants was collected using four-part questionnaire with 31, 5-point Likert-scaled questions.
Results
The survey population demographics included 190 men (48%) and 206 women (52%) with an average clinical experience of 10.6 (± 8.4) years and 9.3 (± 7.5) years, respectively. A significant sex difference was observed in the distribution of place of work (urban/suburb) (p=0.001), but no sex differences between working sector (public/private). The mean ± SD values for each of the four KOVP sections for pit and fissure sealants were: knowledge = 3.57 ± 0.47; opinion = 2.48 ± 0.47; value = 2.74 ± 0.52; and practice = 3.48 ± 0.50. No sex differences were found in KOVP (all p >0.4). Independent of sex: knowledge statistically differed by years of experience and place of work; opinion statistically differed by years of experience and sector; and practice statistically differed by years of experience and sector. Less experienced dentists tended to have slightly higher scores (~0.25 on a Likert 1–5 scale). Statistically significant correlations were found between knowledge and practice (r=0.44, p=0.00) and between opinion and value (r=0.35, p=0.00).
Conclusions
The results suggest that, similar to other countries, Andalusian dentists know that sealants are effective, have neutral to positive attitudes toward sealants; though, based on epidemiological studies, underuse sealants. Therefore, methods other than classical behavior change (eg: financial or legal mechanisms) will be required to change practice patterns aimed at improving children's oral health.

San-Martin, L, Castaño A, Bravo M, Tavares M, Niederman R, Ogunbodede E.  2013.  Dental sealant knowledge, opinion, values and practice of Spanish dentists, 2013/02/08. BMC oral health. 13:12. Abstract

BackgroundMultiple guidelines and systematic reviews recommend sealant use to reduce caries risk. Yet, multiple reports also indicate that sealants are significantly underutilized. This study examined the knowledge, opinions, values, and practice (KOVP) of dentists concerning sealant use in the southwest region of Andalusia, Spain. This is a prelude to the generation of a regional plan for improving children’s oral health in Andalusia.
Methods
The survey’s target population was dentists working in western Andalusia, equally distributed in the provinces of Seville, Cadiz, and Huelva (N=2,047). A convenience sample of meeting participants and meeting participant email lists (N=400) were solicited from the annual course on Community and Pediatric Dentistry. This course is required for all public health sector dentists, and is open to all private sector dentists. Information on the dentist’s KOVP of sealants was collected using four-part questionnaire with 31, 5-point Likert-scaled questions.
Results
The survey population demographics included 190 men (48%) and 206 women (52%) with an average clinical experience of 10.6 (± 8.4) years and 9.3 (± 7.5) years, respectively. A significant sex difference was observed in the distribution of place of work (urban/suburb) (p=0.001), but no sex differences between working sector (public/private). The mean ± SD values for each of the four KOVP sections for pit and fissure sealants were: knowledge = 3.57 ± 0.47; opinion = 2.48 ± 0.47; value = 2.74 ± 0.52; and practice = 3.48 ± 0.50. No sex differences were found in KOVP (all p >0.4). Independent of sex: knowledge statistically differed by years of experience and place of work; opinion statistically differed by years of experience and sector; and practice statistically differed by years of experience and sector. Less experienced dentists tended to have slightly higher scores (~0.25 on a Likert 1–5 scale). Statistically significant correlations were found between knowledge and practice (r=0.44, p=0.00) and between opinion and value (r=0.35, p=0.00).
Conclusions
The results suggest that, similar to other countries, Andalusian dentists know that sealants are effective, have neutral to positive attitudes toward sealants; though, based on epidemiological studies, underuse sealants. Therefore, methods other than classical behavior change (eg: financial or legal mechanisms) will be required to change practice patterns aimed at improving children's oral health.

Folayan, M, Orenuga O, Bankole O, Oziegbe E, Denloye O, Oredugba F.  2013.  1000 Multiple Response Questions in Paediatric Dentistry. , 400 Ser Avenue, Suite 1600, Hauppauge, NY, 11788.: Nova Science Publishers Inc
Caleb, M.  2013.  CV. View My CV
Mejiuni, O.  2013.  Women and Power: Education, Religion and Identity. Abstract

Education is an important tool for the development of human potential. Organizations and individuals interested in development consider knowledge, skills and attitudes, obtained through formal, non-formal and incidental learning, as invaluable assets. Therefore, it is necessary to reflect on fundamental elements that shape the process through which education is attained: How do people learn, and what are the conditions that facilitate effective learning? Answers to these questions demonstrate that no education can be politically neutral, because there is no value-free education.

The traditional or indigenous education systems in Nigeria, which covered (and still cover) physical training, development of character, respect for elders and peers, development of intellectual skills, specific vocational trainings, developing a sense of belonging and participation in community affairs, and understanding, appreciating and promoting the cultural heritage of the community were, and are, not value-free. In other words, the goals and purpose of education, the content, the entire process and the procedures chosen for evaluation in education are all value-laden.

This book attempts to show that the teaching-learning process in higher education, and religion, taught and learned through non-formal and informal education (or the hidden curriculum), and other socialization processes within and outside the formal school system, all interface to determine the persons that women become. This education enhances or limits women’s capabilities, whether in the civic-political sphere or in their attempts to resist violence. Hence, education and religion have ways of empowering or disempowering women.

Ogunbodede, E, ANIZOBA E.  2012.  The Growth of Dental Training Institutions in Post-Independence Nigeria, 2012/06/21. Abstract

Objective: Nigeria with the current population estimated at 160 million is the most populous black-country in the world. One fifth of every African is a Nigerian. Although modern dentistry had been practiced in the country since 1907, the first dental school was not established until 1966. Apart from Dental Surgeons and Dental Technologists, all other cadre of oral health personnel are trained outside the university. The main objective of the present study is to assess the growth of these dental training institutions over 50 years, from 1960 when Nigeria attained independence to 2010.Method: A desk review of publications of the National Universities Commission, Faculties of Dentistry, and other relevant institutions was conducted. These were complimented with related Journal articles, and publications of the professional registration bodies.
Result: There were nine universities with dental programmes in Nigeria, all of which are fully funded by government. The first of these was established in 1966. Over the 50 years Institutions training Dentists had increased to eight. There were two institutions training Dental Technologists, one of which is a university. Dental Nurses/Technicians were trained in Schools of Health Technology and these had increased in line with creation of new states in the country. Political considerations rather than strategic plans played significant roles in the establishment and growth of these training institutions.
Conclusion: These findings have serious policy implications. Specific plans need to be in place for the establishment of training institutions and the development of oral health workforce in the country.

Bamire, AS, Abaidoo R, Jemo M, Abdoulaye T, Yusuf A, Nwoke OC.  2012.  Profitability analysis of commercial chemical and biological crop products among farm households in agro-ecological zones of West Africa, 2012/06/19. 7:3385-3394. Abstract

This paper evaluates the costs and returns incurred by the use of chemical and biological crop products among households in five selected Compro communities in the derived, Southern Guinea, Northern Guinea, Sudan and Sahel Savanna agro-ecological zones (AEZs) in West Africa. Sixty households were randomly selected in each of the communities to give a total of 300 households. Data were collected on the characteristics of the chemical products, households' socio-economic variables such as age and education, as well as, on farm input and output quantities and prices in the 2009/2010 periods using a pre-tested questionnaire. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and budgetary techniques. The Results obtained show a male dominant, fairly literate farming household, with small landholdings (comprising mainly cereal and legume fields) that are predominantly inherited and located far away from the homestead. Inorganic fertilizers, organic manure, improved seeds and pesticides are known as commercial inputs/ products used on farmers' fields, while agrolizer, apron plus and boost extra are the emerging products. The average quantity of inputs applied varied across the zones. The total quantity of inorganic fertilizer applied on the fields was highest in the NGS (924 kg) and lowest in the Sudan (676 kg). However, fertilizer application per hectare by respondents was below recommended dosages across the zones. The emerging chemical inputs (Agrolizer, Boost Extra and Apron Plus) were used only in Compro communities in the derived savanna (DS) and southern guinea savanna (SGS) by a small number of households. The results obtained from budgetary analysis show that gross margin per hectare was highest in the SGS ($ 254) where the emerging inputs were used by 41.7% of the households and lowest in the Sahel ($ 76). Organic fertilizer was used only in small quantities in the AEZs. Total variable costs accounted for more than 30% of revenue generated, and labour and fertilizer accounted for the highest percentage of these costs. The study concludes that promoting the emerging chemical inputs through increased accessibility and farmers' training on their appropriate agronomic use would increase farmers' income generating potentials for sustainable crop production across the AEZs.

Muse, WA.  2012.  Inaugural Lecture: Essence of Insect Promiscuity. , Ile-Ife: Obafemi Awolowo University Press Limited
Idowu, AA.  2012.  "Sovereighty and External Interventions: The Crisis in Cote d' Ivoire".. , Germany, 51 pages: LAP, Lambert Academic Publishing, 66121 Saarbrucken,
Adeleke, O, Odetoyin B, Aboderin A, Okeke I.  2012.  The Role of Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase Producing {{Gram}} Negative Bacilli in Clinical Infections in a Nigerian University. Abstract

Objectives: Gram negative bacilli are being increasingly reported as important causes of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Resistance to antibiotics, particularly beta-lactam agents, amongst these organisms is a major public concern especially in hospitals and other health care settings, where beta-lactam drugs are the most commonly prescribed antibiotics. We recently encountered a case of prolonged uncontrolled fever due to extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in our hospital. We sought to determine the pattern of Gram negative bacilli involved in clinical infections, as well as the role of ESBL production in conferring resistance. Study design: One hundred and eighty-two consecutive non-duplicate clinical isolates of Gram negative bacilli from the diagnostic microbiology laboratory of Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex were identified using the API 20E kit. Antimicrobial susceptibility was determined by disc diffusion according to CLSI guidelines. Combination discs which have clavulanate incorporated with cefotaxime or ceftazidime were used to determine ESBL production. Results: The most frequently isolated organisms were Escherichia coli 43 (23.6%), Klebsiella pneumoniae ssp pneumoniae 17 (9.3%), Raoultella terrigena 15 (8.2%), Serratia spp 13 (7.1%) Proteus mirabilis 12 (6.6%), Acinetobacter baumanni 11 (6.0%), Enterobacter sakazakii 11 (6.0%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa 9 (4.9%) and Salmonella spp 7 (3.8%). Isolates were resistant to ampicillin (92%), tetracycline (90.3%), sulphonamide (86.6%), trimethoprim (83.1%), amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (78.5%), streptomycin (76.3%), chloramphenicol (67.2%), nalidixic acid (69.8%), ciprofloxacin (52.8%), gentamicin (51.7%) cefepime (50.6%), and ceftriaxone (45.8%), but not imipenem (6.1%). Almost a third (30.2%) of the isolates produced ESBLs. Conclusion: A wide-spectrum of Gram-negative bacilli is involved in clinical infections with high level multidrug resistance. ESBLs are important reasons for treatment failure in clinical infections and emergence of resistance to last-resort treatment imipenem forecasts a grave outlook. Clinical diagnostic microbiology laboratories need to perform ESBL screening routinely in our study environment.

Folaranmi, S, Ajiboye O.  2012.  {Man with Nature III}. 3, Ile-Ife: Department of Fine and Applied Arts, OAU Ife Abstract
n/a
A, O, Folayan M, T O, Harris G, Ogunbodede E.  2011.  Health workers perception of hospital’s institutional structure, 2011/01/01. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. 1:79-88. Abstract
n/a
A, O, Folayan M, T O, Harris G, Ogunbodede E.  2011.  Health workers perception of hospital’s institutional structure, 2011/01/01. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. 1:79-88. Abstract
n/a