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2006
Olorunniwo, OE, Umoru LE, Bamigboye OR.  2006.  Sodium chromate and diethylene amine as corrosion inhibitors for mild steel in cassava fluid. J Appl sci. 6:878–882., Number 4 Abstract
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Folárànmí, S, Olabisi Oparinde.  2006.  {Contemporary Mosaic Murals in Nigeria: The Worksof Elise Johnston}. Contemporary Issues in Nigerian Arts, its History and Education. (P.S.O Aremu, Ademuleya, Babasehinde, Ajiboye, Olusegun, Sheba, Ebenezer, Eds.).:358–373., Ile-Ife: Department of Fine Arts, Ọbáfémi Awólọ́wọ̀ University Abstract

Among the artistic media related to painting, mosaic is one of the most specialized, technically demanding and also most involved in terms of materials. Its decorative qualities on large surfaces and durability make mosaic particularly suitable for monumental purposes. Basically, this essay takes a look at a particular mosaic artist-Elise Johnston, her contributions to the architectural beauty in modern Nigeria, techniques, inspiration and her works. It will also look at the importance and function of mosaic decoration, its necessity in the design, form and overall aesthetics of our built-up environment, as well as suggesting means by which traditional mural decoration could be preserved by using mosaics. During the Byzantine Era, the art of mosaic reached its highest level of quality. Artists decorated floors, walls, vaults and facades of temples and palaces. They used pieces of marble, natural stones, coloured glass, even gold and silver. Themes were inspired by ancient myths, decorative elements from sea and earth, scenes of hunting, faces, emperors, and most of all themes inspired by the Christian religion that was dominant during this period. The usage of mosaic in modern Nigerian architecture is not very new, more so in global village such as we live today, where buildings are much similar in design between Lagos, Paris and Moscow. The use of materials is also very similar except in cases where weather conditions are considered. One of the factors that would definitely make a difference between buildings in Lagos and London will be the mosaic decorations richly embedded with traditional forms and motifs.

Ajiboye, OJ, Folaranmi SA, Makinde DO.  2006.  {God as a Creative Artist: An Artistic Assessment of God's Creativity in the Bible}. Nigerian Journal of the Humanities. 13:180–191.. Abstract
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2005
Oyekunle, AA, Fesogun RB, Adediran IA.  2005.  Haematological parameters in prospective nigerian blood donors rejected on account of anaemia and/or microfilaria infestation, Jan-Mar. Niger J Med. 14:45-50., Number 1 AbstractWebsite

BACKGROUND: Worldwide, prospective blood donors are screened for blood transfusion-transmissible diseases. In addition, predonation fitness requires adequate haematocrit and, in the tropics, negative screening for microfilaria that may precipitate allergy. The high prevalence of anaemia and microfilaria, though treatable, has contributed to the dearth of eligible blood donors. This study aims to characterize anaemia in prospective blood donors rejected for anaemia and find haematological effects of microfilarial infestation in prospective blood donors. METHODS: This prospective study was carried out from 1st of August to November 30th, 2002 at the blood transfusion unit of the Haematology Department of Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex (OAUTHC), Ile-Ife. All consenting prospective blood donors that were rejected for anaemia and or microfilaria infestation during the study period were studied for their age, sex and haematological profile. A randomly selected population of successful donors was similarly studied. RESULTS: Sixty rejected prospective blood donors (5.2% of the total screened)) were studied. Forty-five (75%) of them were rejected for anaemia alone, 10 (16.7%) for microfilaria alone and 5 (8.3%) for both anaemia and microfilaria. The mean ages of those rejected were 33.3(+/- 9.9) years for anaemia alone, 29.9(+/- 8.5) years for microfilaria alone and 35.4(+/- 8.3) years for those with anaemia and microfilaria combined. The mean age of the successful group was 28.9(+/- 8.5) years. Of the 60 rejected subjects, 53 were males while 7 were females. Blood film of the anaemia group revealed features suggestive of iron deficiency anaemia (hypochromic microcytic cells) in 60% of them. The white cell count (WCC) was significantly increased in the microfilarial group compared to others and it revealed lymphocytosis and eosinophilia. CONCLUSION: The importance of these findings have been discussed in line with the existing literature. The need for intensive health education to encourage voluntary donation and promote the interest of females in blood donation is emphasized.

Oluwaranti, AI, Sanni ML, Bello SA.  2005.  Challenges of Curriculum development in Computer Engineering in a developing economies:, August, 2005. International Conference on Science and Technology. , FUT, Akure, Nigeria Abstract

Recently, the Council for the Regulation of Engineering in Nigeria (COREN) undertook an accreditation visitation to the Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife. This visitation brings to fore the many sided challenges involved in the development and sustenance of a standard and qualitative curriculum in Computer Engineering program. This paper consider historical development of Computer Engineering as an upshoot of Electronic Engineering, the crisis of identity, the uniqueness of the course, curriculum philosophy and development issues, contents development, upgradeability, drought of quality Staff and equipments, research focus, Industrial input, etc. It proposes solution to providing a sustainable development in Computer Engineering programme.
The Engineering field as in all fields of human endeavour is a dynamic one with sometime rapidly changing phase. Computer engineering field has emerged as one of the principal areas of study throughout the world, making the subject area critical in the development of new computer systems, devices, and products.
Computer Engineering can be viewed as the creative application of engineering principles and methods to the
design and development of hardware and software systems. The Computer Engineering program integrates pertinent science and mathematics courses with Electrical Engineering and Computer courses in order to develop an engineer capable of designing and analyzing all aspects of modern computer systems.
Until the late 1990’s, only the Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, offered the course as Computer Engineering, though some other universities have it as options in the Electrical/Electronics Engineering program. There has been a steady growth in the numbers of Universities offering the course and private universities are not left out.
Before the visitation by COREN, the OAU Computer Engineering program had undergone a review exercise. In the course of the review, questionnaires were sent out to different individual and organization: Students in the departments and related ones, Staff of the department, Alumni of the department, employers in the industries and members of the faculty of Technology of OAU. In this paper we present the responses which showed the different perception that is held about the curriculum and their expectation of a graduate of Computer Engineering.

Ogunba, OA, Boyd TP.  2005.  “How suitable are contingent valuation techniques for valuing properties in non-market situations? , 4-8 July, 2005 Construction Research Conference of the RICS Foundation and the Australian Universities Building Educators Association. , Queensland University of Technology, Australia
Ogunbodede, E, Fatusi O, Akintomide A, Kolawole K, Ajayi A.  2005.  Oral health status in a Nigerian diabetics, 2005/11/01. The journal of contemporary dental practice. 6:75-84. Abstract

Oral manifestations of diabetes mellitus have been documented, but the effect of glycemic control on the oral tissues has been scantily reported. The oral health status of 65 metabolically controlled adult diabetic patients attending the Diabetes Clinic of Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria, was prospectively assessed over six months and compared with that of 54 non-diabetic acting as controls. The mean duration of diabetes was 100.5+/-85.1 months. The difference in periodontal status of the patients and control, assessed using the Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs (CPITN), was not statistically significant (p=0.07). The degree of hyposalivation between the two groups was, however, statiscally significant (p<0.05). No significant difference was observed in the altered taste, burning mouth sensation, angular cheilitis, glossitis, and stomatitis status of the two groups. We conclude, with adequate metabolic control, the oral health status of a diabetic may not be significantly different from that of a non-diabetic except for xerostomia. A good understanding of the interactions between systemic diseases and oral health is imperative for physicians and dental practitioners. The need for early detection and closer linkages between the dental and medical professions in managing diabetic patients is emphasized.

Adeyemo, R, Bamire AS.  2005.  Saving and Investment Patterns of Cooperative Farmers in Southwestern Nigeria, 2005/11/01. 11:183-192. Abstract

This study examined the pattern of saving and investment among four hundred cooperative farmers in southwestern Nigeria. Data were collected using structured questionnaires. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and multiple regression technique. Results show that cooperative farmers in southwestern Nigeria are mostly males, literate and of average age of 47 years. About 40% of total capital borrowed was expended on farm work and mean annual total investment was N75,043.00, with cooperative farmers earning more than 3 times the investment made. Average annual savings was N31,572.00 and this increased in proportion to annual incomes in the area. However, the unavailability and inadequacy of credit was a major problem of the farmers. Different factors influenced cooperative farmers’ saving and investment patterns. Income, loan repayment and amount of money borrowed were significant variables that influenced saving patterns while the fund borrowed significantly influenced investment patterns. These factors therefore have to be considered in designing strategies aimed at improving the saving and investment patterns of cooperative farmers in southwestern Nigeria. Additionally, the saving and investment level of the cooperative farmers can be enhanced if loans are adequately made available and proper supervision and monitoring of funds for specified production purposes are put in place.

Adedigba, M, Ogunbodede E, Fajewonyomi BA, Ojo OO, Naidoo S.  2005.  Gender differences among oral health care workers in caring for HIV/AIDS patients in Osun State, Nigeria, 2005/10/01. African health sciences. 5:182-7. Abstract

The study investigated the relationship between gender and knowledge, attitude and practice of infection control among oral health care workers in the management of patients with HIV/AIDS in Osun State of Nigeria. It was a cross-sectional survey using 85 oral Health care workers (OHCWs) enlisted in the public dental health clinics. A self-administered questionnaire was designed and used for data collection. A total of 85 questionnaires were distributed. The response rate was 93%; 42 (53%) were males and 37 (47%) females. The majority of the respondents were in the 25-40 year old age group and the mean age was 37.3 years. This study found significant differences in gender and ability to identify HIV/AIDS oral manifestations (p<0.001) and recognition of HIV/AIDS risk factors (p<0.001). There was statistically significant gender difference and infection control practices (p=0.02) among the OHCWs. Males were more compliant to the universal cross-infection control principle than the female respondents. A significant association (p< 0.001) was found between OHCW gender and their attitude to the management of HIV/AIDS patients with males showing a better attitude towards the care of HIV/AIDS patients. This study shows that there are significant gender difference in attitudes, behaviour and practices of OHCW with males faring better than the females. National AIDS Control Programme, Health Control bodies, Health educators and other organizations should make efforts to improve the attitude and practice of oral health care workers regarding the management of patients with HIV/AIDS.

Ogunbodede, E, Folayan M, Adedigba M.  2005.  Oral health-care workers and HIV infection control practices in Nigeria, 2005/08/01. Tropical doctor. 35:147-50. Abstract

The first case of HIV infection was reported in Nigeria in 1986. Since then, the prevalence has risen from less than 0.1% in 1987 to 5.8% in 2002, and an estimated 3.6 million Nigerians now live with HIV/AIDS. More than 40 oral manifestations of HIV infection have been recorded and between 70% and 90% of persons with HIV infection will have at least one oral manifestation at sometime during the course of their disease. Oral health-care workers (OHCWS) are expected to play active roles in the prevention and control of HIV/AIDS. In this study, a one-day workshop was organized for 64 oral health workers in Ile-Ife, Nigeria, focusing on the epidemiology of HIV/AIDS, the oral manifestations, control and prevention of HIV in a dental environment, oral care of the infected patient and the ethical, legal and social aspects of HIV/AIDS. Participants' knowledge and practices of infection control were assessed with an infection control checklist administered pre- and post-workshop. Sixty (90.8%) respondents believed that HIV/AIDS was not yet a problem in Nigeria, and 58 (90.6%) believed that drugs have been developed which can cure HIV infection and AIDS. The men complied more with waste disposal regulations than women (P = 0.010). Twenty-nine of 58 (50.0%) did not discard gloves which were torn, cut or punctured. Seven (12.1%) did not change gloves between patients' treatment. Conscious efforts should be made to train OHCWS on all aspects of HIV/AIDS prevention and care. It must never be assumed that adequate information will be acquired through tangential sources.

Ogunbodede, E, Fatusi O, Folayan M, Olayiwola G.  2005.  Retrospective survey of antibiotic prescriptions in dentistry, 2005/06/01. The journal of contemporary dental practice. 6:64-71. Abstract

To evaluate dentists' prescription writing patterns and their appreciation of the characteristics of antibiotics.Evaluation of drug prescriptions written over a six-month period.
Dental Hospital, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
Retrospective analysis of 313 prescriptions written by dentists attending to outpatient dental patients.
The total number of drugs on one prescription ranged from one to seven with Penicillins being the most commonly prescribed drug. Some prescriptions were found to be incorrect with regards to dose, frequency, and duration. Instructions as to the best time of administering drugs with regards to meals were not stated in any prescription.
Improvement through continuing education is desired on the part of prescribers to ensure a good standard of care and avoid practices that may increase antimicrobial resistance. Drug information services including side effects and drug interactions for professionals and consumers at the hospital is highly desirable.

Owotade, F, Ogunbodede E, Lawal AA.  2005.  Oral Diseases in the Elderly, A Study in Ile-Ife, Nigeria, 2005/03/01. Journal of Social Sciences. 10:105-110. Abstract

To highlight oral diseases found in an elderly Nigerian population. The records of 494 elderly patients were retrospectively reviewed. The presenting complaints, relevant extraoral and intraoral findings, clinical diagnosis and investigations carried out were recorded. The ages ranged from 55 years to 120 years with almost half (44.0%) in the 60 to 69 year age group. Pain was the commonest presenting complaint (66.2%). Attrition was present in only 8% and was not related to age or sex. Coronal and root surface caries was present in 12.8% and 0.8% respectively and caries was significantly commoner in females and those who were presenting for the first time (p<0.05 and 0.01 respectively). Chronic periodontitis was the most prevalent oral disease (73.9%) and appeared to worsen with age, and decline with the state of the oral hygiene (p<0.05). Denture sore mouth was present in only females (p<0.01). Majority of the elderly (96.0%) had more than 20 teeth while only 16(3.2%) were edentulous. Squamous cell carcinoma was found in 11 patients and it affected significantly more males than females (p<0.05). Significant differences exist in the pattern of oral diseases in Nigeria when compared with the findings in other countries. Such differences might be due to socio-cultural, genetic and environmental factors.

Idowu, P, Adagunodo ER, Idowu AO, Aderounmu G, Ogunbodede E.  2005.  Electronic referral system for hospitals in Nigeria, 2005/02/04. Ife Journal of Science. 6 Abstract

The advent of Information Technology gave birth to Telemedicine, which has led to electronic-based consultations such as electronic referral system in hospitals. In Nigeria, all the state hospitals are having problems in referring patients from one hospital to another. Most of the time before a patient could be referred from one hospital to another (specialist), the patient would have given up the ghost and led to design a system that will handle referral of patients form one hospital to another electronically in Osun State, Nigeria. This paper focuses on referral of patients from one hospital to another over a computer network among the hospitals in Osun State, Nigeria. Patients were referred from one zone to another; the patient's case file and examination data were transmitted over the network among the zones successfully. In conclusion, the HOspital Referral System (HORS) has the ability to guarantee the security of patients' case note, examination data and effective referral of patients, which in turns makes patients treatment timely, efficient and cost effective.

Ogunbodede, E.  2005.  HIV/AIDS situation in Africa, 2005/01/01. International dental journal. 54:352-60. Abstract

The HIV/AIDS pandemic marks a severe development crisis in Africa, which remains by far the worst affected region in the world. Forty-two million people now live with HIV/AIDS of which 29.4 million (70.0%) are from sub-Saharan Africa. Approximately 5 million new infections occurred in 2002 and 3.5 million (70.0%) of these were also from sub-Saharan Africa. The estimated number of children orphaned by AIDS living in the region is 11 million. In 2002, the epidemic claimed about 2.4 million lives in Africa, more than 70% of the 3.1 million deaths worldwide. Average life expectancy in sub-Saharan Africa is now 47 years, when it would have been 62 years without AIDS. HIV/AIDS stigma is still a major problem despite the extensive spread of the epidemic. A complex interaction of material, social, cultural and behavioural factors shape the nature, process and outcome of the epidemic in Africa. However, too many partners and unprotected sex appear to be at the core of the problem, Even if exceptionally effective prevention, treatment and care programmes take hold immediately, the scale of the crisis means that the human and socio-economic toll will remain significant for many generations. Although 70% of people living with HIV/AIDS are in Africa, only 6,569 (4.7%) of the 140,736 scientific publications on HIV/AIDS, from 1981 to 2000, are directly related to Africa. Effective responses to the epidemic require a multisectoral approach, including governments, the business sector and civil society.

Komolafe, EO, Komolafe MA, Shehu BB.  2005.  The MRC crash study: Any lessons for us? [3], 2005 Annals of African Medicine. 4(2) Abstract
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Ogunbodede, EO, Fatusi OA, Folayan MO, Olayiwola G.  2005.   Retrospective survey of antibiotic prescription in dentistry. Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice . 6(2):64-71.
Idowu, PA, Adedoyin RA, Adagunodo ER.  2005.   Computer-Related Repetitive Strain Injury among Its Users. Nigerian Journal of Physiotherapy. 15(1):13-18.
Akanmu, MA, Olayiwola G, Ukponmwan OE, Honda K.  2005.  Acute Toxicity and Sleep-wake eeg Analysis of Stachtarpheta Cayennensis (Verbenaceae) in Rodents. Afr. J. Trad. CAM. Vol. 2(3):222-232.
Fayomi, AO, Abereijo IO, Simeon-Fayomi BC.  2005.  The Challenges and Opportunities of Introducing Entrepreneurship Education into the Curriculum of Obafemi Awolowo University. Ife Journal of Theory and Research in Education. 8(2):19-32.
i. Falade, OS, O O, Harwood CE, Adewusi SRA.  2005.  Chemical Composition and Starch Hydrolysis of Acacia-colei and Acacia-tumida Seeds. Cereal Chemistry. 82(5):479-484.1.pdf