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2018
Jaiyeola, TG, Smarandache F.  2018.  Inverse Properties in Neutrosophic Triplet Loop and their Application to Cryptography. Algorithms . 11(3):32.
Adejumo, OO.  2018.  ISSUES IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: THE ENVIRONMENT-INCOME RELATIONSHIP. : Palgrave Macmillan, Cham
Onyejaka, NK, Popoola BA, Folayan MO.  2018.  Nigeria. Folayan MO (Ed). A compendium on oral health of children around the world: early childhood caries. . , 400 Ser Avenue, Suite 1600, Hauppauge, NY, 11788.: Nova Science Publishers Inc.
Chukwumah, NM, Kolawole KA, Folayan MO, Oyedele TA, Oziegbe EO, Onyejaka N, Agbaje HO, Oshomoji V.  2018.  Non-nutritive oral habits, age, sex, socioeconomic status and infant feeding practices in children in sub-urban Nigeria . IOSR Journal of Medical and Dental Sciences . 17(3):7-13.
Olabanji, IO, Ajayi OS, Oluyemi EA, Olawuni IJ, Adeniji AO, Olasupo OF, Agboola RO, Olusesi IM.  2018.  Nutraceuticals in different varieties of cowpeas.. American Journal of Food Science and Technology . 6(2):68-75.
Ajiboye, OJ, Fọlárànmí SA, Umoru-Oke NA.  2018.  Orí (Head) as an Expression of Yorùbá Aesthetic Philosophy. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. 9(4):59–70., Number 4 Abstract

Aesthetics was never a subject or a separate philosophy in the traditional philosophies of black Africa. This is however not a justification to conclude that it is nonexistent. Indeed, aesthetics is a day to day affair among Africans. There are criteria for aesthetic judgment among African societies which vary from one society to the other. The Yorùbá of Southwestern Nigeria are not different. This study sets out to examine how the Yorùbá make their aesthetic judgments and demonstrate their aesthetic philosophy in decorating their orí, which means head among the Yorùbá. The head receives special aesthetic attention because of its spiritual and biological importance. It is an expression of the practicalities of Yorùbá aesthetic values. Literature and field work has been of paramount aid to this study. The study uses photographs, works of art and visual illustrations to show the various ways the head is adorned and cared for among the Yoruba. It relied on Yoruba art and language as a tool of investigating the concept of ori and aesthetics. Yorùbá aesthetic values are practically demonstrable and deeply located in the Yorùbá societal, moral and ethical idealisms. It concludes that the spiritual importance of orí or its aesthetics has a connection which has been demonstratively established by the Yorùbá as epressed in the images and illustrations used in this paper.

Fọlárànmí, SA, Ademuleya BA.  2018.  Palace Courtyards in Ilésà: A Melting Point of Traditional Yorùbá Architecture. Yoruba Studies Review. 2(2):51-76. Abstract

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Folaranmi, SA, Ademuleya BA.  2018.  Palace Courtyards in Ilesa: A Melting Point of Traditional Yoruba Architecture.. The Yoruba Study Review. 2(2) Abstract

The paper examined the state of the Yoruba old Palace Courtyards using Ilesa palace as a case study. It described the designs, construction of the old palaces courtyard and its function as a melting point of traditional Yoruba architecture. It opined that the palace courtyard design reinforces the Yoruba traditional dwellings and environment culture where the structure of the houses is built to support the people’s social and religious life. It argued that such structure gives the opportunity for a blend of function, decorative and religious elements all-in-one big space of which the courtyard is just an enclosure. The paper concluded by calling for the restoration and preservation of these edifices, noting that the architecture of a people best describes the artistic outward presentation of their belief system, sociology and creative life.

Olagunju, A, Rajoli RKR, Atoyebi SA, Khoo S, Owen A, Siccardi M.  2018.  Physiologically-based pharmacokinetic modelling of infant exposure to efavirenz through breastfeeding. AAS Open Res. 1:16 (doi: 10.12688/aasopenres.12860.1) AbstractFull Text Available Here

Background: Very little is known about the level of infant exposure to many drugs commonly used during breastfeeding. The aim of this study was to develop a physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model for predicting infant exposure to maternal efavirenz through breastmilk.

Methods: A breastfeeding PBPK model combining whole-body maternal and infant sub-models was constructed from drug-specific and system parameters affecting drug disposition using mathematical descriptions. The model was validated against published data on the pharmacokinetics of efavirenz in nursing mother-infant pairs. Further simulations were conducted to assess exposure in the context of the 400 mg reduced dose of efavirenz as well as best- and worse-case scenarios.

Results: The model adequately described efavirenz pharmacokinetics, with over 80% of observed data points (203 matched breast milk and plasma pairs) within the predictive interval. All parameters were within 2-fold difference of clinical data. Median (range) predicted versus observed breast milk AUC0-24, Cmax and Cmin at the standard 600 mg dose were 75.0 (18.5-324) versus 68.5 (26.3-257) µg.hr/mL, 4.56 (1.17-16.0) versus 5.39 (1.43-18.4) µg/mL, and 2.11 (0.38-12.3) versus 1.68 (0.316-9.57) µg/mL, respectively. Predicted plasma AUC0-24, Cmax and Cmin at 400 mg reduced dose were similar to clinical data from non-breastfeeding adults. Model-predicted infant plasma concentrations were similar to clinical data, 0.15 (0.026–0.78) μg/mL at the 400 mg maternal dose in pooled analysis, approximately 25% lower than simulated exposure at 600 mg. The maximum exposure index was observed in the youngest infants, 5.9% (2.2-20) at 400 mg and 8.7% (3.2-29) at 600 mg. Thirteen and 36% of 10 days-1 month old infants were predicted to have exposure index above the 10% recommended threshold at 400 mg and 600 mg maternal dose, respectively.

Conclusions: This application of PBPK modelling opens up opportunities for expanding our understanding of infant exposure to maternal drugs through breastfeeding.

Waitt, C, Olagunju A, Nakalema S, Kyohaire I, Owen A, Lamorde M, Khoo S.  2018.  Plasma and breast milk pharmacokinetics of emtricitabine, tenofovir and lamivudine using dried blood and breast milk spots in nursing African mother–infant pairs. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. AbstractDownload (Open Access)

Background: Breast milk transfer of first-line ART from mother to infant is not fully understood.

Objectives: To determine the concentrations of lamivudine, emtricitabine and tenofovir in maternal blood, breast milk and infant blood from breastfeeding mother–infant pairs.

Methods: Intensive pharmacokinetic sampling of maternal dried blood spots (DBS), dried breast milk spots (DBMS) and infant DBS from 30 Ugandan and 29 Nigerian mothers receiving first-line ART and their infants was conducted. DBS and DBMS were collected pre-dose and at 5–6 timepoints up to 12 h following observed dosing. Infant DBS were sampled twice during this period. Lamivudine, emtricitabine and tenofovir were quantified using LC-MS/MS, with non-compartmental analysis to calculate key pharmacokinetic parameters.

Results: Peak concentrations in breast milk from women taking lamivudine and emtricitabine occurred later than in plasma (4–8 h compared with 2 h for lamivudine and 2–4 h for emtricitabine). Consequently, the milk-to-plasma (M:P) ratio of lamivudine taken once daily was 0.95 (0.82–1.15) for AUC0–12, whereas for AUC12–20 this was 3.04 (2.87–4.16). Lamivudine was detectable in 36% (14/39) of infants [median 17.7 (16.3–22.7) ng/mL]. For 200 mg of emtricitabine once daily, the median M:P ratio was 3.01 (2.06–3.38). Three infants (19%) had measurable emtricitabine [median 18.5 (17.6–20.8) ng/mL]. For 300 mg of tenofovir once daily, the median M:P ratio was 0.015 (0–0.03) and no infant had measurable tenofovir concentrations.

Conclusions: Emtricitabine and lamivudine accumulate in breast milk and were detected in breastfeeding infants. In contrast, tenofovir penetrates the breast milk to a small degree, but is undetectable in breastfeeding infants.

"Idowu, PA", N E, D M, J B.  2018.  Predictive Model for the Risk of Mental Illness in Nigeria Using Data Mining. International Journal of Immunology. 6(1):5-16.
Ogunba, OA, Ajayi CA.  2018.  Property Feasibility & Viability Studies. , Ile-Ife: Obafemi Awolowo University Press
Ogunba, OA, Ajayi CA.  2018.  Property Feasibility and Viability Studies. , Ile-Ife: Obafemi Awolowo University Press, Ile-Ife
Asafa, MA, Bolarinwa RA, Eluwole OA, Ibitoye BO, Adegoke AM, undefined.  2018.  The role of electrocardiogram in sex verification in a young adult with primary amenorrhea: a case report.
Folayan, MO, Haire BG, Adeniyi AA, Adeyemo WL.  2018.  Screening children for caries: an ethical dilemma in Nigeria. New Bioethics . 1-15:doi:10.1080/20502877.2018.1448251.
Asahiah, FỌ, Ọdẹ́jọbí ỌÀjàdí, ADAGUNODO ER.  2018.  A Survey of Diacritic Restoration in Abjad and Alphabet Writing Systems. Natural Language Engineering. 24(1):123–154., Number 1: Cambridge University Press AbstractDigital Object Identifier

A diacritic is a mark placed near or through a character to alter its original phonetic or
orthographic value. Many languages around the world use diacritics in their orthography,
whatever the writing system the orthography is based on. In many languages, diacritics are
ignored either by convention or as a matter of convenience. For users who are not familiar with
the text domain, the absence of diacritics within text has been known to cause mild to serious
readability and comprehension problems. However, the absence of diacritics in text causes
near-intractable problems for natural language processing systems. This situation has led to
extensive research on diacritization. Several techniques have been applied to address diacritic
restoration (or diacritization) but the existing surveys of techniques have been restricted to
some languages and hence left gaps for practitioners to fill. Our survey examined diacritization
from the angle of resources deployed and various formulation employed for diacritization. It
was concluded by recommending that (a) any proposed technique for diacritization should
consider the language features and the purpose served by diacritics, (b) that evaluation metrics
needed to be more rigorously defined for easy comparison of performance of models.

Adejumo, AV, Adejumo OO.  2018.  Sustainable Development:Implications for Energy Policies in Nigeria. in Towards a Sustainable Bioeconomy: Principles, Challenges and Perspectives. : Springer International Publishing AG 2018, ISBN 978-3-319-73027-1
Olawole, MO, Olapoju OM.  2018.  Understanding the spatial patterns of tanker accidents in Nigeria using geographically weighted regression. International Journal of Vehicle Safety . 10(1):58-77.
Umoru-Oke, N, Adekanbi AE.  2018.  Waste management in Nigeria: An Essential Tool to Visual Arts Profession. Journal of Arts and Design Studies. 61:23–29. AbstractWebsite

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Ajiboye, OJ, Fọlárànmí SA, Umoru-Oke N.  2018.  {Orí (Head) as an Expression of Yorùbá Aesthetic Philosophy}. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. 9(4):59–70., Number 4 Abstractori_head_as_an_expression_of_yoruba_aesthetic_philosophy.pdf

Aesthetics was never a subject or a separate philosophy in the traditional philosophies of black Africa. This is however not a justification to conclude that it is nonexistent. Indeed, aesthetics is a day to day affair among Africans. There are criteria for aesthetic judgment among African societies which vary from one society to the other. The Yorùbá of Southwestern Nigeria are not different. This study sets out to examine how the Yorùbá make their aesthetic judgments and demonstrate their aesthetic philosophy in decorating their orí, which means head among the Yorùbá. The head receives special aesthetic attention because of its spiritual and biological importance. It is an expression of the practicalities of Yorùbá aesthetic values. Literature and field work has been of paramount aid to this study. The study uses photographs, works of art and visual illustrations to show the various ways the head is adorned and cared for among the Yoruba. It relied on Yoruba art and language as a tool of investigating the concept of ori and aesthetics. Yorùbá aesthetic values are practically demonstrable and deeply located in the Yorùbá societal, moral and ethical idealisms. It concludes that the spiritual importance of orí or its aesthetics has a connection which has been demonstratively established by the Yorùbá as epressed in the images and illustrations used in this paper.

Odeyemi, TI, Obiyan SA.  2018.  Digital policing technologies and democratic policing: Will the internet, social media and mobile phone enhance police accountability and police–citizen relations in Nigeria? International Journal of Police Science & Management. 20:97-108., Number 2 AbstractWebsite

The police are expected to perform functions critical to relations between the government and citizens in democratic societies. However, in Nigeria, the reality is that the police organisation suffers limitations that undermine effective and democratic policing. Although the Nigeria Police Force has a long and chequered history, its services are dogged by challenges including adversarial police–citizen relations and mutual suspicion and police misconduct. To address these problems and enhance policing, the Nigeria Police Force has deployed digital technologies through a Complaint Response Unit [later renamed the Public Complaint Rapid Response Unit (PCRRU)]. The PCRRU allows the public to connect with the police through dedicated phone numbers for calls and SMS, and a round-the-clock presence on Twitter, Facebook, WhatsApp, Blackberry Messenger and a mobile application. Although this initiative often draws attention and commendation, it also raises doubts about sustenance and utility value. Drawing on David Easton’s input–output nexus as a theoretical underpinning on the one hand, and data sourced through expert opinion interviews and web measurement on the other hand, this article investigates how these digital policing technologies, through the PCRRU, enhance efforts at mutually rewarding police–citizen relations and police accountability, as requisites of democratic policing, in Nigeria. The findings expand discussion on the dimensions of Nigeria’s police–citizen relations and the potentials of technology in promoting positive outcomes. The findings also suggest means through which police managers can optimise technology in ways that aid strategic efforts at improving public security.

Odeyemi, TI, Obiyan SA.  2018.  Exploring the subsidiarity principle in policing and the operations of the Nigeria Police Force. African Security Review. 27:42-60., Number 1: Routledge AbstractWebsite

ABSTRACTThe provisions of the 1999 Constitution, which recognises the existence of a single police force and forbids parallel police organisations, have oftentimes generated controversies among actors in the Nigerian federal polity. Rising insecurity precipitates lingering questions on the utility and adequacy of a single, highly centralised and centrally controlled police force given Nigeria’s geographic vastness and demographic diversity. Conversely, arguments have also dwelt on the dangers of fragmentation considering Nigeria’s psychosocial, economic and political nature. This article attempts to balance these arguments by analysing policing and the operations of the Nigeria Police Force (NPF) through the lens of the subsidiarity principle. Subsidiarity is a governance principle in federations, captured in the founding documents of the European Union (EU), which prescribes that governmental powers, authorities and duties should be held by the tier that can best perform them equitably, efficiently, effectively, suitably and based on interest and need. Drawing largely on interviews with purposively selected police scholars, political actors, civil society organisations and police personnel, the paper contends that this principle offers a pragmatic solution to the perennial problems of intergovernmental frictions on the use of the police within the context of governance in the Nigerian federation.

Akinsulore, A, Esimai OA, Mapayi BM, Aloba OO.  2018.  Public Awareness and Attitude Towards Depression: A Community Based Study Among an Adult Population in Ile-Ife South-Western Nigeria. Community mental health journal. :1-9.: Springer Abstract
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