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Adebisi, TA.  2019.  Voter Apathy and Invalid Votes in Nigeria: A Challenge for Adult Political Education. What is New in the Field of Education? . , Poland: University Publishing House
Amusa, YB, Eziyi JAE, Akinlade O, Famurewa OC, Adewole SA, Nwoha PU, Ameye SA.  2011.  Volumetric measurements and anatomical variants of paranasal sinuses of Africans (Nigerians) using dry crania. International journal of medicine and medical sciences. 3:399–303., Number 10: Academic Journals Abstract
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Amusa, Y, Eziyi J, Akinlade O, Famurewa OC, Adewole SA, Nwoha PU, Ameye S.  2011.  Volumetric measurements and anatomical variants of paranasal sinuses of Africans (Nigerians) using dry crania, 2011/01/01. 3:399-303. Abstract
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Muzamil, H, Duarte R, Dix-Peek T, Vachiat A, Dickens C, Grinter S, Naidoo S, Manga P, Naicker S.  2016.  Volume overload and its risk factors in South African chronic kidney disease patients: An appraisal of bioimpedance spectroscopy and inferior vena cava measurements, 06. Clinical nephrology. 86 Abstract
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Abolurin, OO, Adegbola AJ, Oyelami OA, Adegoke SA, Bolaji OO.  2018.  Vitamin A deficiency among under-five Nigerian children with diarrhoea. African health sciences. 18(3):737-742. Abstract
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Adebisi, TA.  2017.  The Visa Lottery versus Brain Drain: The Impact of the African Diaspora on Vocational Artisanship. The New African Diaspora in the United States. , New York: Routledge
Heng, LY, Usup G, Ahmad A, Dada AC.  2012.  Virulence characteristics and antibiotic resistance among Enterococci isolated from Bagan Lalang beach, Malaysia, Jun. International Journal of Infectious Diseases. 16:E412-E412. AbstractWebsite
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Awofeso, O, Odeyemi T.  2016.  Violence, Security Challenges and the Electoral Process in Nigeria: A Futuristic Projection and Management Strategy. UNILAG Sociological Review (USR). Vol. XII(Issue II):85-108. Abstractawefosoodeyemi.pdf

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Liu, Q, Atere CT, Shahbaz M, Wei X, Pausch J, Wu J, Ge T.  2022.  Vertical and horizontal shifts in soil microbial biomass and community composition based on long-term fertilization regimes in paddy soil profiles. Applied Soil Ecology. 169:104248
Salau, A, Yesufu T, Ogundare B.  2019.  Vehicle Plate Number Localization Using a Modified GrabCut Algorithm, 2019/01/01. 33 Abstract

Vehicle plate number recognition plays an important role in traffic control and surveillance systems. A key stage in any vehicle plate number recognition system is to first locate the vehicle plate number. In this paper, we present a modified GrabCut algorithm for localizing vehicle plate numbers. In contrast with the traditional interactive GrabCut technique, a modified GrabCut algorithm was designed to identify and extract vehicle plate numbers in a completely automatic manner. Our approach extends the use of the traditional GrabCut algorithm with addition of a feature extraction method which uses geometric information to give accurate foreground extraction. Finally, to evaluate the performance of the proposed technique, the localization accuracy is tested with a dataset of 500 vehicle images with vehicle plates from different countries. An accuracy of 99.8% was achieved for the localization of vehicle plates. Comparative analysis is also reported.

Orimoogunje, OOI.  2001.  Vegetation: Sustainer being endangered. Benin Journal of Environmental Education. 1(1):170-176.
Salami, A. T..  1998.  "Vegetation Modification and Man-induced Environmental Change in Rural Southwestern Nigeria",. Agriculture, Ecosystem and Environment,. 70: :pp159-167..
Salami, A. T..  2000.  Vegetation Mapping of a Part of Dry Tropical Rainforest of Southern Nigeria From Landsat TM”,. International Archives of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, . Vol. XXXIII, (B7):pp1301-1308..
Idowu, OO, Salami AO, Ajayi SA, Akinwale RO, Sere Y.  2013.  Varietal resistance of rice to blast fungus Magnaporthe oryzae at two sites in southwestern Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology 12(33):5173-5182.. African Journal of Biotechnology. 12(33):5173-5182.
Isenmilla, AE, Babalola O, Obigbesan GO.  1981.  Varietal influence of intercropped cowpea on the growth, yield and water relations of maize. Plant and soil. 62:153–156., Number 1: Springer Abstract
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Famurewa, O, Asaleye M, Ibitoye B, Ayoola O, Aderibigbe A, Badmus T.  2018.  Variations of renal vascular anatomy in a nigerian population: A computerized tomography studys, 2018/07/01. 21:840-846. Abstract

Background:A broad spectrum of renal vascular variations has been reported by anatomists and radiologists. The prevalence of these variations is extremely divergent in different populations. Therefore, radiologists and surgeons in different climes must be knowledgeable about the type and prevalence of the variants in their area of practice to avoid diagnostic pitfalls and for optimization of surgical techniques.
Objective:
The objective of this study is to describe the types and prevalence of renal vascular variations among patients undergoing contrast-enhanced computerized tomography (CECT) of the abdomen in a Nigerian population, as well as provide a concise review of literature on the embryological basis and clinical significance of the identified variations.
Materials and methods:
This study was a retrospective review of 200 CECT of the abdomen to identify variations of arterial (accessory, early branching, and precaval) and venous (multiple, retroaortic, and circumaortic) anatomy of the kidneys.
Results:
We studied 200 patients, 102 (51%) females and 98 (49%) males. Age range is 18-90 years (mean = 53.08 ± 17.01). Prevalence of any renal vascular variations was 50%, arterial variations were 37%, and venous variations were 13%. Variations were significantly more common in males, P = 0.000075. The most common arterial variant was the accessory renal artery (23%) seen in 10% (right) and 13.0% (left); early branching was seen in 4.0% (right) and 0.5% (left) as well as precaval right renal artery seen in 4.5%. Venous variants were late confluence 3.0% (right) and 2.5% (left); multiple veins was seen in 2.5% (right) and 2.5% (left) as well as retroaortic left renal vein seen in 2.0%. The inferior polar accessory artery was the most prevalent accessory artery. Early arterial bifurcation was significantly more common on the right (P = 0.016) while other vascular variants showed no statistically significant association with laterality.
Conclusion:
Variation of renal vascular anatomy is a frequent finding among Nigerians. Radiologists and surgeons must be aware of these variants for optimization of surgical techniques.

Famurewa, O, Asaleye M, Ibitoye B, Ayoola O, Aderibigbe A, Badmus T.  2018.  Variations of renal vascular anatomy in a nigerian population: A computerized tomography studys, 2018/07/01. 21:840-846. Abstract

Background:A broad spectrum of renal vascular variations has been reported by anatomists and radiologists. The prevalence of these variations is extremely divergent in different populations. Therefore, radiologists and surgeons in different climes must be knowledgeable about the type and prevalence of the variants in their area of practice to avoid diagnostic pitfalls and for optimization of surgical techniques.
Objective:
The objective of this study is to describe the types and prevalence of renal vascular variations among patients undergoing contrast-enhanced computerized tomography (CECT) of the abdomen in a Nigerian population, as well as provide a concise review of literature on the embryological basis and clinical significance of the identified variations.
Materials and methods:
This study was a retrospective review of 200 CECT of the abdomen to identify variations of arterial (accessory, early branching, and precaval) and venous (multiple, retroaortic, and circumaortic) anatomy of the kidneys.
Results:
We studied 200 patients, 102 (51%) females and 98 (49%) males. Age range is 18-90 years (mean = 53.08 ± 17.01). Prevalence of any renal vascular variations was 50%, arterial variations were 37%, and venous variations were 13%. Variations were significantly more common in males, P = 0.000075. The most common arterial variant was the accessory renal artery (23%) seen in 10% (right) and 13.0% (left); early branching was seen in 4.0% (right) and 0.5% (left) as well as precaval right renal artery seen in 4.5%. Venous variants were late confluence 3.0% (right) and 2.5% (left); multiple veins was seen in 2.5% (right) and 2.5% (left) as well as retroaortic left renal vein seen in 2.0%. The inferior polar accessory artery was the most prevalent accessory artery. Early arterial bifurcation was significantly more common on the right (P = 0.016) while other vascular variants showed no statistically significant association with laterality.
Conclusion:
Variation of renal vascular anatomy is a frequent finding among Nigerians. Radiologists and surgeons must be aware of these variants for optimization of surgical techniques.

Ayanlade, A.  2017.  Variations in urban surface temperature: an assessment of land use change impacts over Lagos metropolis. Weather-Wiley . 72(10):315-319.Wiley. Abstract

This study aims to investigate seasonal and diurnal variations in urban temperature, as well as the contributions of different land uses to land surface temperature (LST). A time series of MODIS data was used in this study. Average seasonal LST differentials between day and night from 2002 to 2014 were estimated. The results reveal substantial changes in land use over the study period; in particular, urban centre and urban fringe surface area increased by 15.93 and 94.49% respectively, while forest land and wetland surface area decreased by approximately 5 and 8% respectively. Average LST increases by nearly 3 degC during the daytime in the dry seasons, compared with the wet season, for all land use/land cover (LULC) classes. In all seasons, the average LST of urban areas is nearly 1.5 degC higher than the LST values for the surrounding rural areas. The explanations for these variations are obvious: the majority of urban centres in Lagos metropolis have dense buildings and slight vegetal cover; thus they appear to have less energy loss due to latent heat by evaporation from the impervious urban surfaces. The study concludes by proposing improved urban planning in Nigeria through implementation of urban planning policies.

Adebajo, AC, Aladesanmi AJ, Adeoye AO.  1997.  Variation studies on the volatile oil of Eugenia uniflora, jan. Nigerian Journal of Natural Products and Medicine. 1:28-31., Number 1: African Journals Online ({AJOL}) AbstractWebsite

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Asaleye, A, Braimoh K, Oyinloye O, Asaleye M, Omisore A.  2018.  Variation of Carotid Intima Media Thickness With Body Mass Index in Healthy Adults of Black African Descent, 02. Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine. 38 Abstract
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Orimolade, A, Olateju S, Mejabi J, Adetoye A, Ikem I, Ayeni F, Esan O.  2018.  Variation in the Duration of Recumbency Post-spinal Anaesthesia in Relation to the Occurrence of Post-dural Puncture Headache, 10. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 12:UC09-UC12. Abstract
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