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Akinlade, F, Asaleye M, Ayoola O, Aremu A.  2020.  Ultrasound assessment of normal liver, spleen, and kidney dimensions in southwest Nigerian children: a bedside formula for sonologists, 2020/08/10. 62:028418512094848. Abstract

BackgroundKnowledge of the normal sizes of the liver, spleen, and kidneys is important to radiologists when assessing for pathology using ultrasound scan. The need for a local determination of a easy-to-use formula for estimating the expected normal sonographic dimensions of these organs in children in order to serve as baseline when assessing them for pathology cannot be over emphasized.
Purpose
To determine ultrasonographic sizes of the liver, spleen, and kidneys among primary school children in southwestern Nigeria and correlate these with anthropometric measures to provide local reference data and an easy-to-use formula for assessing these organs for pathology in clinical practice.
Material and Methods
This is an observational, cross-sectional study using 1000 public primary school children in Ogbomoso. Sonographic dimensions of their liver, spleen, and both kidneys with anthropometric parameters were obtained and correlated. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20.
Results
The liver span was higher in boys than in girls ( P = 0.048) while the left lobe of the liver was higher in girls than in boys ( P = 0.003). The spleen length was higher in boys than in girls ( P = 0.011). There was no gender difference in kidney dimensions ( P > 0.05). All anthropometric measures correlated significantly ( P < 0.001) with organ dimensions. Body surface area is the strongest predictor of the liver and kidney sizes ( P < 0.001) and height for spleen size ( P < 0.001).
Conclusion
Nomograms for the liver, spleen, and kidneys and regression equations for estimating the dimensions of these organs were formulated based on the best multivariate correlates.

Akinlade, F, Asaleye M, Ayoola O, Aremu A.  2020.  Ultrasound assessment of normal liver, spleen, and kidney dimensions in southwest Nigerian children: a bedside formula for sonologists, 2020/08/10. 62:028418512094848. Abstract

BackgroundKnowledge of the normal sizes of the liver, spleen, and kidneys is important to radiologists when assessing for pathology using ultrasound scan. The need for a local determination of a easy-to-use formula for estimating the expected normal sonographic dimensions of these organs in children in order to serve as baseline when assessing them for pathology cannot be over emphasized.
Purpose
To determine ultrasonographic sizes of the liver, spleen, and kidneys among primary school children in southwestern Nigeria and correlate these with anthropometric measures to provide local reference data and an easy-to-use formula for assessing these organs for pathology in clinical practice.
Material and Methods
This is an observational, cross-sectional study using 1000 public primary school children in Ogbomoso. Sonographic dimensions of their liver, spleen, and both kidneys with anthropometric parameters were obtained and correlated. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20.
Results
The liver span was higher in boys than in girls ( P = 0.048) while the left lobe of the liver was higher in girls than in boys ( P = 0.003). The spleen length was higher in boys than in girls ( P = 0.011). There was no gender difference in kidney dimensions ( P > 0.05). All anthropometric measures correlated significantly ( P < 0.001) with organ dimensions. Body surface area is the strongest predictor of the liver and kidney sizes ( P < 0.001) and height for spleen size ( P < 0.001).
Conclusion
Nomograms for the liver, spleen, and kidneys and regression equations for estimating the dimensions of these organs were formulated based on the best multivariate correlates.

Apoku, I, Ayoola O, Salako A, Idowu B.  2015.  Ultrasound evaluation of obstructive uropathy and its hemodynamic responses in southwest Nigeria, 2015/05/01. 41:556-61. Abstract

To determine the renal arterial hemodynamic changes induced by obstructive uropathy using Doppler ultrasonography.60 adult subjects with suspected obstructive uropathy and 60 asymptomatic apparently healthy controls with normal renal ultrasound features were evaluated. B-mode sonography of the kidneys and spectral Doppler examination of the renal interlobar arteries of all the participants were performed. The mean resistive indices (mRI) of both interlobar arteries were obtained and compared to that of the controls. The mRI of bilaterally obstructed kidneys were also compared with the mRI of unilaterally obstructed kidneys.
The mRI of the right and left kidneys of subjects were 0.72±0.04 and 0.69±0.06 while those of the controls were 0.64±0.04 and 0.63±0.03 respectively. The mRI for the grades of caliectasis increased from grade I (0.72±0.03) to grade II (0.73±0.03) and grade III (0.73±0.02) but fell within the most severe levels of obstruction (0.69±0.07). There was no statistically significant relationship between the grades of caliectasis and unilateral or bilateral obstruction for both kidneys. The results show a sensitivity and specificity of 86.7% and 90% respectively when mRI≥0.7 was used to determine presence of obstruction.
Renal duplex sonography is highly sensitive and specific for diagnosis of obstructive uropathy. Increased resistive index of the obstructed kidney may be a useful diagnostic tool in situations where intravenous urography cannot be done or is contraindicated.

San-Martin, L, CASTAO SEIQUER SR A, Ribas Pérez D, Ogunbodede E.  2014.  Undergraduate Geriatric Dentistry Programs in Spain, 2014/06/26. Current Research in Dentistry. 6 Abstract

Objective: Over the past few decades, the world has experienced a gradual increase in the percentage of elderly people aged 65 years and over. As this elderly population increases, evidence suggests that their demand for dental services would increase. The increasing population of the elderly population in Spain has underlined the need for the dental profession to take pay particular attention to the oral health needs of older patients. The aim of this report is to present a preliminary assessment of the undergraduate Geriatric Dentistry programs in Spanish dental schools.Method: Study participants included all the dental schools in Spain (n=19). Using a simple, 12-item questionnaire, information was collected regarding the geriatric dental education programs from the official websites of all the schools.
Results: Only 42% (n=8) of schools offered a specific geriatric dentistry course. No significant differences were found in the proportion of public and private dental schools with geriatric dentistry departments (p=0.1312).
Conclusion: More studies on the curriculum content, design, implementation and evaluation of geriatric dentistry programs at the undergraduate level should be developed. Research must also focus on assessing the access and improvement to the oral care of the elderly population. Dental schools, organizations, local and state governments need to work together, using a multidisciplinary approach, in responding to the unmet needs of the elderly population.

San-Martin, L, CASTAO SEIQUER SR A, Ribas Pérez D, Ogunbodede E.  2014.  Undergraduate Geriatric Dentistry Programs in Spain, 2014/06/26. Current Research in Dentistry. 6 Abstract

Objective: Over the past few decades, the world has experienced a gradual increase in the percentage of elderly people aged 65 years and over. As this elderly population increases, evidence suggests that their demand for dental services would increase. The increasing population of the elderly population in Spain has underlined the need for the dental profession to take pay particular attention to the oral health needs of older patients. The aim of this report is to present a preliminary assessment of the undergraduate Geriatric Dentistry programs in Spanish dental schools.Method: Study participants included all the dental schools in Spain (n=19). Using a simple, 12-item questionnaire, information was collected regarding the geriatric dental education programs from the official websites of all the schools.
Results: Only 42% (n=8) of schools offered a specific geriatric dentistry course. No significant differences were found in the proportion of public and private dental schools with geriatric dentistry departments (p=0.1312).
Conclusion: More studies on the curriculum content, design, implementation and evaluation of geriatric dentistry programs at the undergraduate level should be developed. Research must also focus on assessing the access and improvement to the oral care of the elderly population. Dental schools, organizations, local and state governments need to work together, using a multidisciplinary approach, in responding to the unmet needs of the elderly population.

Folayan, MO, Odetoyinbo M, Brown B, Harrison A.  2014.  The underserved sexual and reproductive health needs of adolescents living with HIV in Nigeria . Nigerian Journal of Health Sciences . 14:61-64.
Aransiola, JO, Asindemade SO.  2011.  Understanding cybercrime perpetrators and the strategies they employ in Nigeria. Cyberpsychology, behavior, and social networking. 14:759–763., Number 12: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. 140 Huguenot Street, 3rd Floor New Rochelle, NY 10801 USA Abstract
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  2008.  Understanding the Propensities for Criminal Disposition in the Niger-Delta.. Nigerian Sociological Review. 3(1 & 2):173-180.
Olawole, MO, Olapoju OM.  2018.  Understanding the spatial patterns of tanker accidents in Nigeria using geographically weighted regression. International Journal of Vehicle Safety . 10(1):58-77.
Ademuleya, BA.  2011.  Understanding the Value and Appreciation Attached to Old Aso-Òkè by the Yoruba of Ondo. Journal of Black and African Arts and Civilization . 5(1):129-144. Abstract

This paper investigated the Ondo’s preference for old aso-òkè despite their faded condition and age. It observed that the craving for aso-òkè as wearing apparel among the Ondo, seems to go beyond its general commemorative or ceremonial function. The study explore field information collected through oral interviews and observation and analysis of related aspect of Ondo’s social and cultural life particularly their world view as reflected in songs, proverbs and aphorism. Adopting Roy Sieber’s (1972) and Picton’s (1998) suppositions for the survival of pre-colonial textile traditions in any given African society in modern times as bases for analysis, the study revealed that the continuing value appreciation of the old aso-òkè types, among the Ondo is enshrined in their social attitudes in reflecting their world view about success, wealth, prestige, and attainment celebrations.

Haire, BG, Folayan MO.  2017.  Undue inducement, or unfair exclusion: considering a case study of pregnancy in an HIV prevention trial. Journal of Medical Ethics . pii: medethics-2017-104370:doi:10.1136/medethics-2017-104370..
Ayoh'OMIDIRE, F.  1999.  Une analyse synthétique de la trilogie des “Romans de guerre” de Pepetela à la lumière de la théorie littéraire de Frantz Fanon . (Omotesho, Ebenezer Adedeji, Oladitan, Olalere, Eds.)., Ile-Ife: Obafemi Awolowo University Press
Usman, SA.  2015.  Unemployment and Poverty as Sources and Consequence of Insecurity in Nigeria: The Boko Haram Insurgency Revisited. African Journal of Political Science and International Relations. Vol. 9(No. 3):90–99..
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Adejumo, O, Akinsulore A, Oduniyi O.  2017.  THE UNFCCC MECHANISM FOR EMISSION REDUCTION: IMPLEMENTATION CONSTRAINTS IN NIGERIA, 2017/04/10. Abstract

This paper examines the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and its Protocol and goes further to analyse the mechanisms for emission reduction provided under the Treaties. The paper also considers the implementation constraints of the Mechanisms in developing countries and particularly, in Nigeria. The paper concludes that the Treaties have not been optimally effective in its implementation in Nigeria owing to factors ranging from non-domestication, poverty, corruption and poor regulatory framework to low level of awareness. Recommendations for minimizing the constraints identified are proposed.

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Adesina, OA.  2012.  Uniform dissipative solutions for a certain third order nonlinear differential equation. Journal of Nonlinear Studies. 19(4):537-546.adesinanls2012.pdf
Afuwape, AU, Adesina OA.  2000.  Uniform dissipative solutions for some fifth-order non-linear differential equations. Proceedings of the National Mathematical Centre, Abuja, in Ordinary Differential Equations, Vol.1 No.1, 87-93, (Ezeilo, J.O.C., Tejumola, H.O. and Afuwape, A.U. Eds.),. :66-74., Abujaadesina_nmc_-2000.pdf
Adesina, OA, Ukpera AS.  2007.  Uniformly dissipative results on nonlinear differential equations of fifth order. Journal of the Nigerian Mathematical Society. 26:65-74.adesina14jnms2007.pdf
Aluko, BT, Olaleye A.  2005.  UnitisationUnitisation of Property Investment: Implications for Future Valuation. Journal Business Economics and Management. 6(3):125-134.
Ajibade, DYA, Adeyemi MBB, Awopetu MEO.  2012.  Unity in Diversity: The Nigerian Youth, Nigerian Pidgin English and the Nigerian Language Policy. Journal of Educational and Social Research. Vol. 2 (3):289-295.
Jaiyeola, TG, Adeniran JO, Solarin ART.  2011.  The universality of Osborn loops. Acta Universitatis Apulensis Mathematics-Informatics. 26:301-320.acta_apulensis26-2011.pdf
Ogbogu, C.  2019.  University Gender Policy and Women’s Representation in Committees and Leadership Positions in a Nigerian University, 02. The International Journal of Humanities & Social Studies. 7 Abstract
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Akinyemi, FO, Kupoluyi JA, Akinyemi AI.  2016.  Unpaid family workers. Encyclopedia of Family Studies. :1–3.: Wiley Online Library Abstract
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Sarfo, FS, Ovbiagele B, Gebregziabher M, Akpa O, Akpalu A, Wahab K, Ogbole G, Akinyemi R, Obiako R, Komolafe M, Owolabi L, Lackland D, Arnett D, Tiwari H, Markus HS, Akinyemi J, Oguntade A, Fawale B, Adeoye A, Olugbo O, Ogunjimi L, Osaigbovo G, Jenkins C, Chukwuonye I, Ajose O, Oyinloye L, Mutiso F, Laryea R, Calys-Tagoe B, Salaam A, Amusa G, Olowookere S, Imoh C, Mande A, Arulogun O, Adekunle F, Appiah L, Balogun O, Singh A, Adeleye O, Ogah O, Makanjuola A, Owusu D, Kolo P, Adebayo O, Agunloye A, Shidali V, Faniyan M, Lakoh S, Diala S, Iheonye H, Efidi C, Sanya E, Sunmonu T, Akintunde A, Owolabi M.  2020.  Unraveling the risk factors for spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage among West Africans, 2020. Neurology. 94(10) Abstract

ObjectiveTo characterize risk factors for spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) occurrence and severity among West Africans.MethodsThe Stroke Investigative Research and Educational Network (SIREN) study is a multicenter case-control study involving 15 sites in Ghana and Nigeria. Patients were adults ≥18 years old with CT-confirmed sICH with age-, sex-, and ethnicity-matched stroke-free community controls. Standard instruments were used to assess vascular, lifestyle, and psychosocial factors. Factors associated with sICH and its severity were assessed using conditional logistic regression to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and population-attributable risks (PARs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for factors.ResultsOf 2,944 adjudicated stroke cases, 854 were intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Mean age of patients with ICH was 54.7 ± 13.9 years, with a male preponderance (63.1%), and 77.3% were nonlobar. Etiologic subtypes of sICH included hypertension (80.9%), structural vascular anomalies (4.0%), cerebral amyloid angiopathy (0.7%), systemic illnesses (0.5%), medication-related (0.4%), and undetermined (13.7%). Eight factors independently associated with sICH occurrence by decreasing order of PAR with their adjusted OR (95% CI) were hypertension, 66.63 (20.78-213.72); dyslipidemia, 2.95 (1.84-4.74); meat consumption, 1.55 (1.01-2.38); family history of CVD, 2.22 (1.41-3.50); nonconsumption of green vegetables, 3.61 (2.07-6.31); diabetes mellitus, 2.11 (1.29-3.46); stress, 1.68 (1.03-2.77); and current tobacco use, 14.27 (2.09-97.47). Factors associated with severe sICH using an NIH Stroke Scale score >15 with adjusted OR (95% CI) were nonconsumption of leafy green vegetables, 2.03 (1.43-2.88); systolic blood pressure for each mm Hg rise, 1.01 (1.00-1.01); presence of midline shift, 1.54 (1.11-2.13); lobar ICH, 1.72 (1.16-2.55); and supratentorial bleeds, 2.17 (1.06-4.46).ConclusionsPopulation-level control of the dominant factors will substantially mitigate the burden of sICH in West Africa.

Adenekan, AT, Onakpoya UU, Faponle AF, Olateju SOA.  2013.  Unrecognized Guide Wire migration during Internal jugular cannulation and Its Retrieval – A Case Report. The Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal. 20(2):63-65.