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S, L, A I, Asani MA, Bolorunduro KA, Foghi PU, Oke IA.  2016.  EFFECT OF SELECTED FACTORS ON WATER SUPPLY AND ACCESS TO SAFE WATER IN NIGERIA. Ife Journal of Science. 18(3):623-639.lukman_et_al._5.pdf
S Bajomo, A, Rudolph M, Ogunbodede E.  2004.  Dental caries in six, 12 and 15 year old Venda children in South Africa, 2004/06/01. East African medical journal. 81:236-43. Abstract

Oral diseases is still a major problem in most developing countries. Within the Republic of South Africa, there remains areas where few or no studies have been done on the oral health status. The emerging district health system with decentralisation of health services to address past inequity in health care in South Africa also provides compelling case for data collection at regional levels.To assess the prevalence and severity of dental caries of school children; determine the caries patterns of the study population and to provide useful data for the planning of oral health services in this region.
Descriptive analytical study.
School children in the Donald Fraser Health District, Venda in the Northern province, Republic of South Africa.
A total of 519 school children in the age groups 6, 12 and 15 years were examined by a calibrated examiner for dental caries using WHO diagnostic criteria. Both the schools, which were divided into rural and peri-urban locations and the children that participated were randomly selected.
A mean dmft(sd) of 2.68(3.29) in six year olds and a mean DMFT (sd) scores of 0.61(1.50) and 1.26 (2.18) were recorded in the 12 and 15 year olds respectively. In the six year olds the upper anterior teeth showed highest susceptibility to caries, clearly indicating that black children suffer from early infant caries. At ages of 12 and 15 the mandibular molars were the teeth most affected. The decayed component constituted the main part of the dmft and DMFT scores. Ninety-nine percent of these lesions were untreated and the restorative care was almost nil.
An important finding was the doubling of the mean DMFT from the 12-year-olds to 15-year olds and the caries levels for all age groups was higher than the provincial average. The treatment required were mostly extractions and simple fillings, the majority of which could be managed by dental auxiliaries using the Atraumatic Restorative Treatment Technique. This study indicates that preventive oral health measures should be implemented on the younger age groups in order to control dental caries.

S., AA.  1998.  Engineering and teacher education in Nigerian universities: Costs, variants and some implications.. Studies in Educational Planning and Administration (A Journal of the National Institute for Educational Planning and Administration). . 1(2):2-11.
S.A.Adewinbi, B.A.Taleatu, V.M.Maphiri, O.Fasakin, E.Omotoso, K.O.Oyedotun, N.Manyala.  2021.  Characterization of two-way fabricated hybrid metal-oxide nanostructured electrode materials for photovoltaic and miniaturized supercapacitor applications. Solid State Sciences. 119:106699.
S.O, L, Afonso E, Benbenishty J, B B, Owojuyigbe A, Adenekan A.  2020.  Prevalence,associated factors and outcomes of pressure injuries in adult intensive care unit patients:the decubICUs Study., 2020/10/09. Abstract

Purpose: Intensive care unit (ICU) patients are particularly susceptible to developing pressure injuries. Epidemiologic data is however unavailable. We aimed to provide an international picture of the extent of pressure injuries and factors associated with ICU-acquired pressure injuries in adult ICU patients.Methods: International 1-day point-prevalence study; follow-up for outcome assessment until hospital discharge (maximum 12 weeks). Factors associated with ICU-acquired pressure injury and hospital mortality were assessed by generalised linear mixed-effects regression analysis.
Results: Data from 13,254 patients in 1117 ICUs (90 countries) revealed 6747 pressure injuries; 3997 (59.2%) were ICU-acquired. Overall prevalence was 26.6% (95% confidence interval [CI] 25.9-27.3). ICU-acquired prevalence was 16.2% (95% CI 15.6-16.8). Sacrum (37%) and heels (19.5%) were most affected. Factors independently associated with ICU-acquired pressure injuries were older age, male sex, being underweight, emergency surgery, higher Simplified Acute Physiology Score II, Braden score < 19, ICU stay > 3 days, comorbidities (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, immunodeficiency), organ support (renal replacement, mechanical ventilation on ICU admission), and being in a low or lower-middle income-economy. Gradually increasing associations with mortality were identified for increasing severity of pressure injury: stage I (odds ratio [OR] 1.5; 95% CI 1.2-1.8), stage II (OR 1.6; 95% CI 1.4-1.9), and stage III or worse (OR 2.8; 95% CI 2.3-3.3).
Conclusion: Pressure injuries are common in adult ICU patients. ICU-acquired pressure injuries are associated with mainly intrinsic factors and mortality. Optimal care standards, increased awareness, appropriate resource allocation, and further research into optimal prevention are pivotal to tackle this important patient safety threat.

S.O., A, B.E. A.  2005.  Induction of Callus and Somatic embroyogenesis from Cotyledon explants of Parkia biglobosa (Jacq.) Benth.. . African Journal of Biotechnology. . Vol. 4(1):68-71.
Sabageh, D, Olaofe OO, Sabageh AO.  2012.  An analysis of the clinicopathologic characteristics of ovarian tumours in Ile-Ife, Nigeria, 2012. 3(2):97.: Medknow Publications Abstract
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Saheed, SA, Jonsson LMV, Botha CEJ.  2010.  Russian wheat aphid causes greater reduction in phloem transport capacity of barley leaves than bird cherry-oat aphid. Acta Botanica Croatica. 69(1):7-18..
Saheed, SA, Illoh HC.  2010.  A taxonomic study of some species in Cassinae (Leguminosae) in South Western Nigeria using leaf epidermal characters. Nortulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca . 38(1):21-27.saheed__illoh_2010.pdf
Saibu, O, Akindele ST, Aiyegbusi W, Asaolu TO, Olaopa OR, Ajisafe A, Adesopo A, Adedokun S, Oladele P, Abogan PO.  2005.  An Appraisal of the Effects of Politics on the Nigerian Economy, 01. :75-133. Abstract
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Saka, AJ, Adeleke BL, Jaiyeola TG.  2017.  Zig-zag-Matrix for Resolvable Nested Balanced Incomplete Block Designs. International Journal of Algebra and Statistics. 6(1-2):81–94.
Saka, J, Adeleke B, Jaiyeola T.  2018.  Coset-k 2 Nested Balanced Incomplete Block Designs of Resolvable Type, 2018/10/01. 8:267-273. Abstract

This paper presents, a new method of constructing nested balanced incomplete block designs (NBIBDs) of resolvable type called Coset-k 2 , using an algebraic notion, of the left coset type. The class of NBIBDs that was constructed for ′í µí±£′ treatments arranged in 'b' blocks of size ′í µí±˜′ each with í µí±£ = í µí±˜ 2 and other parameters of the design are expressed as (í µí±˜ 2 , í µí±˜ + 1, í µí±˜ + 1, í µí±˜(í µí±˜ + 1), í µí±˜ 2 , í µí±˜, í µí±˜ + 1, í µí±˜ 0 , í µí±˜). Indeed, the parameters of the design for any given number of treatments, v, are specified with ease even before the full designs are constructed. Also, fewer numbers of blocks are required when compared with the designs of comparable sizes. Designs that are constructed in this paper are appropriate for experiments where extraneous factors of two types if they exist can be eliminated, evaluated and controlled.

Sakpere, AMA, ADELUSI AA, Ajayi SA.  2011.  Influence of indole-3-butyric acid on the vegetative propagation of fluted pumpkin (Telfairia occidentalis Hook. f.). Nigerian Journal of Botany. 24(2):289-301.
Salaam, NF, Usman SA, Udeagbala OL.  2016.  Insurgency, Counter-Insurgency and the Fundamental Human Rights. Leadership and Complex Military Operations (Osakwe, Chukwuma C. C., ed.) . , Kaduna, Nigeria: Nigerian Defence Academy Publishers
Salako, A, Olajide A, Aremu A, Afolayan O, Adejare I, Oseni G.  2014.  Pendulous Urethral Stricture: Peculiarities and Relevance of Longitudinal Penile Fascio-Cutaneous Flap Reconstruction in Poor Resource Community, 01. Urology journal. 10:1088-94. Abstract
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Salako, YA, Owolarafe OK, Anozie AN.  2009.  Characterisation Of Sun-Dried Palm Fruit Waste Biomass Materials. Ife Journal of Technology. 18:26–30., Number 2 Abstract
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Salako, A, Adisa A, Eziyi A, Banjo O, Badmus T.  2010.  Traumatic urologic injuries in Ile-Ife, Nigeria, 10. Journal of emergencies, trauma, and shock. 3:311-3. Abstract
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Salako, YA, Owolarafe OK, Anozie AN.  2014.  Performance evaluation of a small scale palm fruit biomass fired boiler.. Agricultural Engineering International: CIGR Journal. 16, Number 4 Abstract
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Salako, A, Badmus T, Ikem I, Adelusola K, Orimolade A, Igbokwe M, Onuoha K, Irabor F.  2017.  Bellini duct carcinoma of the kidney masquerading as an iliac bone tumour in an adult Nigerian, 08. Pan African Medical Journal. 27 Abstract
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