Publications

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Salami, AT.  1997.  "Urban Growth and Rural Land Retreat in Ibadan Area of Southwestern Nigeria 1935-1990" . Ife Planning Journal,. 4(1):pp107-120..
Salami, AT.  2008.  Dynamics of Forest Ecosystems in Central Africa During the Holocene Past-Present-Future: Palaecology of Africa, An International Yearbook of Landscape. Potentials of NigeriaSat-1 for Sustainable Forest Monitoring in Africa: A Case Study from Nigeria”, In: Runge, J. (ed.). (Taylor and Francis, London):pp.209-219.
Salami, A. T..  1998.  "Vegetation Modification and Man-induced Environmental Change in Rural Southwestern Nigeria",. Agriculture, Ecosystem and Environment,. 70: :pp159-167..
Salami, BM, Conte RA, Falebita DE.  2011.  Geoelectric Evaluation of the Groundwater Potential of Parts of Oshogbo, Southwestern, Nigeria. Ife Journal of Sciences. 13(1):17-25.
Salami, A. T., Balogun EE.  2006.  Utilization of NigeriaSat-1 and other Satellites for Monitoring Deforestation and Biodiversity Loss in Nigeria, . : A Monograph Published by National Space Research and Development Agency, Federal Ministry of Science and Technology, Abuja
Salami, A. T..  2001.  Agricultural Colonisation and Floristic Degradation in Nigeria’s Rainforest Ecosystem”,. The Environmentalist,. 21:pp221-229.
Salami, A. T..  2004.  Deforestation in Nigeria,. : A Report Submitted to International START Secretariat, 2000 Florida Avenue NW, Washington, DC 2009, U.S.A.
Salami A. T., Balogun EE.  2005.  Comparative Assessment of NigeriaSat-1 and Landsat ETM+ for Deforestation Monitoring in the Niger Delta”,. Proceedings of Africa GIS Conference,. (Pretoria, South Africa,):pp.1175-1180..
Salau, A, Yesufu T, Ogundare B.  2019.  Vehicle Plate Number Localization Using a Modified GrabCut Algorithm, 2019/01/01. 33 Abstract

Vehicle plate number recognition plays an important role in traffic control and surveillance systems. A key stage in any vehicle plate number recognition system is to first locate the vehicle plate number. In this paper, we present a modified GrabCut algorithm for localizing vehicle plate numbers. In contrast with the traditional interactive GrabCut technique, a modified GrabCut algorithm was designed to identify and extract vehicle plate numbers in a completely automatic manner. Our approach extends the use of the traditional GrabCut algorithm with addition of a feature extraction method which uses geometric information to give accurate foreground extraction. Finally, to evaluate the performance of the proposed technique, the localization accuracy is tested with a dataset of 500 vehicle images with vehicle plates from different countries. An accuracy of 99.8% was achieved for the localization of vehicle plates. Comparative analysis is also reported.

Salawu, L, Bolarinwa RA, Lawal OO, Oyekunle AA, Adeodu O, Adejuyigbe EA, Adelusola KA, Akinola NO, Ndakotsu MA, Durosinmi MA.  2010.  AIDS-related lymphomas in Nigeria an emerging phenomenon. Infectious Agents and Cancer. 5:1–1., Number 1: BioMed Central Abstract
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Salawu, L, Bolarinwa RA, Adegunloye AB, Muraina HA.  2010.  HBsAg, anti-HCV, anti-HIV and VDRL in blood donors: Prevalence and trends in the last three and a half years in a tertiary health care facility in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. International Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences. 2:335–341., Number 11: Academic Journals Abstract
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Salawu, RO, Ayoola TJ.  2012.  Activity Based Costing Adoption Among Manufacturing Companies in Nigeria. Journal of Modern Accounting and Auditing. 8(1):40-45.
Salawu, L, Bolarinwa R, Durosinmi M.  2010.  Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia: a-twenty-years experience and problems in Ile-Ife, South-Western Nigeria. African health sciences. 10, Number 2 Abstract
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Salpietro, V, Dixon CL, Guo H, Bello OD, Vandrovcova J, Efthymiou S, Maroofian R, Heimer G, Burglen L, Valence S et al..  2019.  AMPA receptor GluA2 subunit defects are a cause of neurodevelopmental disorders, 2019. Nature Communications. 10(1) Abstract

AMPA receptors (AMPARs) are tetrameric ligand-gated channels made up of combinations of GluA1-4 subunits encoded by GRIA1-4 genes. GluA2 has an especially important role because, following post-transcriptional editing at the Q607 site, it renders heteromultimeric AMPARs Ca2+-impermeable, with a linear relationship between current and trans-membrane voltage. Here, we report heterozygous de novo GRIA2 mutations in 28 unrelated patients with intellectual disability (ID) and neurodevelopmental abnormalities including autism spectrum disorder (ASD), Rett syndrome-like features, and seizures or developmental epileptic encephalopathy (DEE). In functional expression studies, mutations lead to a decrease in agonist-evoked current mediated by mutant subunits compared to wild-type channels. When GluA2 subunits are co-expressed with GluA1, most GRIA2 mutations cause a decreased current amplitude and some also affect voltage rectification. Our results show that de-novo variants in GRIA2 can cause neurodevelopmental disorders, complementing evidence that other genetic causes of ID, ASD and DEE also disrupt glutamatergic synaptic transmission.

Sam-Agudu, N, Folayan MO, Ezeanolue E.  2016.  Seeking wider access to HIV testing for adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa . Peadiatrics Research. 79(6):838-45.doi:10.1038/2016.28.
Samdi, LM, Ajayi JA, Oguche S, Ayanlade A.  2012.  Seasonal Variation of Malaria Parasite Density in Paediatric Population of North Eastern Nigeria. Global Journal of Health Science . 4(2):103-109. Abstract

Malaria is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children and adults in the Sudano Sahel of Northeastern Nigeria with the highest prevalence of malaria in pregnancy of 64.5 in Nigeria recorded in this region. This study was carried out in 2003 and 2004 to provide parasitological baseline data for the development of Malaria Early Warning System (MEWS) for the surveillance of type I epidemic caused by meteorological conditions and to provide data for timing malaria key vector control measures such as Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS) for maximum effect. Clinical information about malaria cases were used in this study. In all 692 children aged 6 to 96 months were screened for Plasmodium infection and used for the analysis. The results showed that the majority of infected children (68.06%) were aged 12-60 months and their asexual parasite density (ap/ u1) was between 100-500 ap/u1 of the whole blood. The month of September recorded the highest Geometric Mean Asexual-Densities (GMPD) of 13,655 while the lowest parasite densities were observed at the peak of the dry season, especially during the months of March and April. Significance difference (p<0.05) was observed between the sexes in infection rate. It is obvious that male children have higher infection rate (about 67.5%), than while female children (32.5%) regardless of climate seasonality. Designing a malaria early warning system and providing baseline parasitological data for timing of spraying cycles for key malaria vector control measures such as Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS) should be encouraged to complement other effective malaria control strategies. Hence the need for this investigation.

Samuel, T, Olagunju O, Nwhator S, Adara-Ali A, Obadipe J, Magbagbeola O.  Submitted.  An investigation on the seminal and periodontal bacteria diversity among subfertile males in Lagos. Unilag Journal of Medicine, Science and Technology. 7:1–17., Number 2 Abstract
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Samuel, DC, Basiri B.  2000.  The prevelence of Schstosoma haematobium among primary school pupils in Mayo-Belwa local government of Adamawa state . The Nigerian Journal of Parasitology . 21(1):15-20.
Samuel, TO, Odunigba O.  2015.  AFLATOXINS ASSOCIATED WITH STORAGE FUNGI IN FISH FEED. Ife Journal of Science. 17(2)samuel__odunigba_25.pdf
San-Martin, L, CASTAO SEIQUER SR A, Ribas Pérez D, Ogunbodede E.  2014.  Undergraduate Geriatric Dentistry Programs in Spain, 2014/06/26. Current Research in Dentistry. 6 Abstract

Objective: Over the past few decades, the world has experienced a gradual increase in the percentage of elderly people aged 65 years and over. As this elderly population increases, evidence suggests that their demand for dental services would increase. The increasing population of the elderly population in Spain has underlined the need for the dental profession to take pay particular attention to the oral health needs of older patients. The aim of this report is to present a preliminary assessment of the undergraduate Geriatric Dentistry programs in Spanish dental schools.Method: Study participants included all the dental schools in Spain (n=19). Using a simple, 12-item questionnaire, information was collected regarding the geriatric dental education programs from the official websites of all the schools.
Results: Only 42% (n=8) of schools offered a specific geriatric dentistry course. No significant differences were found in the proportion of public and private dental schools with geriatric dentistry departments (p=0.1312).
Conclusion: More studies on the curriculum content, design, implementation and evaluation of geriatric dentistry programs at the undergraduate level should be developed. Research must also focus on assessing the access and improvement to the oral care of the elderly population. Dental schools, organizations, local and state governments need to work together, using a multidisciplinary approach, in responding to the unmet needs of the elderly population.

San-Martin, L, Castaño A, Bravo M, Tavares M, Niederman R, Ogunbodede E.  2013.  Dental sealant knowledge, opinion, values and practice of Spanish dentists, 2013/02/08. BMC oral health. 13:12. Abstract

BackgroundMultiple guidelines and systematic reviews recommend sealant use to reduce caries risk. Yet, multiple reports also indicate that sealants are significantly underutilized. This study examined the knowledge, opinions, values, and practice (KOVP) of dentists concerning sealant use in the southwest region of Andalusia, Spain. This is a prelude to the generation of a regional plan for improving children’s oral health in Andalusia.
Methods
The survey’s target population was dentists working in western Andalusia, equally distributed in the provinces of Seville, Cadiz, and Huelva (N=2,047). A convenience sample of meeting participants and meeting participant email lists (N=400) were solicited from the annual course on Community and Pediatric Dentistry. This course is required for all public health sector dentists, and is open to all private sector dentists. Information on the dentist’s KOVP of sealants was collected using four-part questionnaire with 31, 5-point Likert-scaled questions.
Results
The survey population demographics included 190 men (48%) and 206 women (52%) with an average clinical experience of 10.6 (± 8.4) years and 9.3 (± 7.5) years, respectively. A significant sex difference was observed in the distribution of place of work (urban/suburb) (p=0.001), but no sex differences between working sector (public/private). The mean ± SD values for each of the four KOVP sections for pit and fissure sealants were: knowledge = 3.57 ± 0.47; opinion = 2.48 ± 0.47; value = 2.74 ± 0.52; and practice = 3.48 ± 0.50. No sex differences were found in KOVP (all p >0.4). Independent of sex: knowledge statistically differed by years of experience and place of work; opinion statistically differed by years of experience and sector; and practice statistically differed by years of experience and sector. Less experienced dentists tended to have slightly higher scores (~0.25 on a Likert 1–5 scale). Statistically significant correlations were found between knowledge and practice (r=0.44, p=0.00) and between opinion and value (r=0.35, p=0.00).
Conclusions
The results suggest that, similar to other countries, Andalusian dentists know that sealants are effective, have neutral to positive attitudes toward sealants; though, based on epidemiological studies, underuse sealants. Therefore, methods other than classical behavior change (eg: financial or legal mechanisms) will be required to change practice patterns aimed at improving children's oral health.

San-Martin, L, CASTAO SEIQUER SR A, Ribas Pérez D, Ogunbodede E.  2014.  Undergraduate Geriatric Dentistry Programs in Spain, 2014/06/26. Current Research in Dentistry. 6 Abstract

Objective: Over the past few decades, the world has experienced a gradual increase in the percentage of elderly people aged 65 years and over. As this elderly population increases, evidence suggests that their demand for dental services would increase. The increasing population of the elderly population in Spain has underlined the need for the dental profession to take pay particular attention to the oral health needs of older patients. The aim of this report is to present a preliminary assessment of the undergraduate Geriatric Dentistry programs in Spanish dental schools.Method: Study participants included all the dental schools in Spain (n=19). Using a simple, 12-item questionnaire, information was collected regarding the geriatric dental education programs from the official websites of all the schools.
Results: Only 42% (n=8) of schools offered a specific geriatric dentistry course. No significant differences were found in the proportion of public and private dental schools with geriatric dentistry departments (p=0.1312).
Conclusion: More studies on the curriculum content, design, implementation and evaluation of geriatric dentistry programs at the undergraduate level should be developed. Research must also focus on assessing the access and improvement to the oral care of the elderly population. Dental schools, organizations, local and state governments need to work together, using a multidisciplinary approach, in responding to the unmet needs of the elderly population.