## Publications

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Journal Article
Owosho, A, Adesina OM, Odujoko O, Akinyemi H, Komolafe A, Tadros S.  2022.  Int J Clin Exp Pathol . 15(2)hmga2immunoexpressionisfrequentinsalivaryglandpleomorphicadenomaimmunohistochemicalandmolecularanalysesofplag1andhmga2in25cases.pdf
A., A, A. A, B. A, O. A, A. L.  2022.  Journal of Stomatology Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. 123(6):e801-e807.
OA, A, L S.  2022.  West African Journal of Medicine.. 39(1):39-44.
A. Oyem, A, Jaiyeola TG, Olaleru JO.  2022.  Discussiones Mathematicae-General Algebra and Application. 42(1):135-157.
Oyem, A, Jaiyeola TG.  2022.  International Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Optimization: Theory and Applications. 8(1):74-86.
Ayodele, SA, Gbadegesin JT, Ayodele TO, Agbato SE, Oyedele JB, Oladokun TT, Ebede EO.  2022.  , International Journal of Construction Management. . :1-10.
Oyem, A, Jaiyeola TG, Olaleru JO, Osoba B.  2022.  Neutrosophic Sets and Systems. 50:488-503.
B.A., F, S.B. A, O.T. A, T.A. A.  2022.  Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. 26(3):417- 422.
Oyetola, EO.  2022.  Effect of COVID-19 Pandemic on Clinic Attendance and Management of Dental Patients: Our Experience at Dental Hospital, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals’ Complex, Ile Ife, Nigeria. J Oral Biol. 8:4., Number 1 Abstract
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Aluko, OO, Esan OT, Agboola UA, Ajibade AA, John OM, Obadina OD, Afolabi OT.  2021.  International Journal of Environmental Health Research. 00:1–18., Number 00: Taylor & Francis AbstractWebsite

Poorly maintained living conditions and infrastructure are the banes of Nigerian prisons. The study investigated its environmental conditions and the prevalent diseases among inmates. The descriptive, cross-sectional study enrolled 420-inmates through a multistage sampling technique. Pre-tested instruments were administered and results presented with descriptive and logistic regression to identify predictors of toilet-cleaning and handwashing practices at P∝0.05. The mean(±SD) age and modal inmates/cell were 30±7.2 years and 36. Most inmates were males (97%), await-trial (79%) and lives in overcrowded cells (58%). Sixty-nine percent of free-cells has pour-flush toilets and 36% waits for 2–5 minutes before accessing toilets. Fifty-three percent of inmates clean latrines with water and soap, 71% burn solid waste while handwashing period-prevalence was 36%. Religion, toilet-cleaning, and education were predictors of handwashing while types of toilets and access predict toilet-cleaning behaviour. Malaria (81.1%) and scabies (7.3%) were endemic. The prison rehabilitation shall satisfy basic life needs and promote prisoners' health.

Aluko, OO, Obafemi TH, Obiajunwa PO, Obiajunwa CJ, Obisanya OA, Odanye OH, Odeleye AO.  2021.  International Journal of Environmental Health Research. :1–16.: Taylor & Francis AbstractWebsite

The existence and multiplication of open dumpsites (ODs) around residential settlements are associated with environmental health outcomes in urbanizing settlements of developing countries. The study assessed existing practice and perceived health hazards of residence around ODs in Nigerian heterogeneous urban settlements. The cross-sectional, mixed-method study administered a validated questionnaire on 195 respondents using a 4-stage sampling technique. Two focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted and analysed by ATLAS.ti software. Continuous and categorical variables were respectively presented by means and proportions; associations among variables were determined by chi-square and logistic regression at P$\alpha$<0.05. Seventy-two per cent of the respondents disposed of solid waste in ODs, despite good knowledge (95%) and a positive attitude (85%) on perceived health-hazards. One-sixth (15%) of respondents were willing to pay for waste collection service and 50% considered burning as an alternative to open dumping. The most and least perceived health outcomes were malaria and breathing difficulties. Improved water sources and skin irritations were significant predictors of sound SWM practices.

Famurewa, BA, Oginni FO, Adewara BA, Fomete B, Aniagor C, Aluko-Olokun B, Morgan RE, Amedari MKI.  2021.  Craniomaxillofacial Trauma {&} Reconstruction. :194338752110609.: {SAGE} Publications AbstractWebsite
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Talabi, A, Sowande O, Mosaku K, Owojuyigbe A, Amosu L, Adejuyigbe O.  2021.  17 Abstract

BackgroundSurgical operation and anaesthesia induction are fearful events which may interfere with the smooth conduct of anaesthesia and postoperative recovery in children. Indeed, the fear of needles, syringes and unknown hospital environment often compound their anxiety. Various modalities such as use of clowns, music, low intensity light in the induction room, pharmacological agents and parental presence during induction of anaesthesia have been utilized with the aim of gaining the cooperation of the children during induction. However, their use has yielded conflicting results. This prospective study was conducted among children whose ages were between 2 and 15 years. They were randomized into parental presence and parental absence (un-accompanied) or control groups. The anxiety levels of children and parents in both groups were compared at baseline, separation and during induction of anaesthesia.
Results
The ages of the children ranged between 2 and 15 years with a mean age of 6.78 ± 2.50 years. The mean age of patients in the parental presence at induction (PPIA) was 7.14 ± 3.68 years while in the control group was 6.42 ± 3.31 years. The difference was not statistically significant, p < 0.05. The mean anxiety score of patients in the PPIA at reception, separation and induction of anaesthesia were 26.6 ± 9.2, 38.4 ± 18.3 and 54.1 ± 22.8 compared to 27.3 ± 8.04, 41.4 ± 21.7 and 58.6 ± 23.1 in the control group respectively, p < 0.05. The mean anxiety score of parents in the PPIA at reception, separation and induction of anaesthesia were 52.2 ± 6.7, 51.7 ± 7.8 and 51.9 ± 7.9 compared to 53.0 ± 6.5, 52.4 ± 6.2 and 52.9 ± 7.9 in the control group respectively, p < 0.05. Among the cohort of preschool age group, children in the control group were more anxious at induction compared to the PPIA group, p = 0.01. As the age increases, the anxiety state of the children decreases, t = − 0.398, p < 0.001. The mean score of parental satisfaction in the PPIA and the control groups were comparable, 8.1 ± 7.1 vs 7.3 ± 1.1 respectively, p = 0.395.
Conclusion
The presence of parents during induction of anaesthesia did not influence the anxiety states of children in our study. Anxiety at induction tends to reduce as the age of patients increases.

Adewinbi, S, Busari R, Animasahun LO, OMOTOSO E, Taleatu B.  2021.  621:413260. Abstract

Vanadium oxide nanomaterial was successfully prepared on conductive substrate via a simple and facile chemical route with no binder or additive. The film was characterized to investigate its microstructural, optical, electrical and electrochemical properties. The SEM micrographs of the annealed film presented enabling environment that is required for effective photocatalysis. It also demonstrated enhanced interaction between the film and the substrate and adequate pore size distribution that can allow free electrolytic ion intercalation/deintercalation for efficient supercapacitive response. EDX confirmed the elemental composition of the film. XRD and Raman spectroscopy showed substantial characteristic peaks that are attributes of orthorhombic crystal structure of V2O5 powder. Optical studies showed that the film exhibited high visible light transmittance and its energy band gap was found to be 2.77 eV. Pseudocapacitive performance of the V2O5 electrode was investigated via a three-electrode cell configuration. The film electrode exhibited highest areal capacity of 1.18 μAh cm⁻², energy density of 0.485 μWhcm⁻² at a power density of 107.71 μWcm⁻² and current density 0.25 mAcm⁻², moderate charge transfer resistance and superior cycling stability. The study demonstrated the viability of V2O5 film as electrode material for the development of high-performance supercapacitors.

Adesina, F, Odekunle T.  2021.   Abstract

This concluding part of the larger paper evaluates some aspects of the Nigeria's vulnerability to the impacts of climate change and discusses potential adaptation strategies that can help in coping with or reducing the impacts of the change in the agriculture and forestry sectors. The vulnerabilities of the various parts of the country were computed, using a wide range of socio-economic parameters and physical environmental factors. The results show that there had been important variability in the rainfall and temperature regimes which 'expose' the country to severe impacts of climate change. The vulnerability assessment further shows that the country's resilience to climate change impact is very weak especially in the Sudano-Sahelian zone. Considering the nature of the vulnerabilities, the paper proposed a number of adaptation strategies mainly in the Agriculture and Forestry sectors. The paper concludes that development and implementation of appropriate policy instrument will be important in ensuring that the country effectively addresses its adaptation challenges.

Dada, J, Ojo G.  2021.  1:8-16. Abstract

This paper evaluated the use and application of probability analysis in the assessment of construction risk. It has been a usual practice to estimate a single-price value for the cost of a project and a certain percentage allowance to cater for risk. A more realistic approach is to adopt the policy that the single point forecast is the most likely price with a range between the lowest price and the highest price. To demonstrate this, a typical project was used as a case study. The contract sum together with its breakdown into respective trade variables were collected. The data collected were analysed using probability analysis. The analysis and result presented provides guide in arriving at this range of values. It is concluded that the successful application of this technique into the estimation of construction project's cost will help in the management of construction risk. Introduction All human endeavours involve risk. The success or failure of any venture depends on how we deal with it. Construction industry is not an exception. This industry has had poor reputation for coping with risk with many projects failing to meet deadlines and cost targets. The participants, public and others have suffered as a result (Thompson et ai, 1992). Sources of risk can be in terms of payment, security deposit and retention, time of commencement and completion, variation, delay and cost of delay and liquidated damages. Size can be one of the major causes of risk; so. can changes in political or commercial planning. Other factors carrying risk with them include the complexity of the project, location, speed of construction and familiarity with the type of procurement system. These risks need to be properly assessed, analysed and managed for efficient operation of the industry. Norris et at (1992) and Thompson et at (1992) identified the most useful and main techniques of risk analysis tc be sensitivity and probability analyses. Chapman (1990), rated probability analysis over sensitivity analysis in that the former overcomes many of the limitations of the latter by specifying a probability distribution for each risk and then considering the effect of the risks in combination. This paper describes the concepts of probability analysis and its application in the management of construction risk. This is Illustrated by a case study.

Ojo, S, Okunlola, Aina T, Olugbenga.  2021.   Abstract

In an industry where the choice of a procurement method is haphazard, developing a decision support system to guide clients in their choices is needed. This research work was aimed at developing a framework using the multi-attribute utility approach. Public clients' prioritized factors for cost categories of building types and the suitability of a procurement method achieving a selection criterion (utility coefficients) were established. Then using the weighted sum model (i.e. additive utility), the procurement method with the largest preference value was determined for each cost category and building type. The model revealed that, for a residential project of up to N100 million (Naira) cost category, taken into consideration public clients' priority rating, design – bid – construct (D-B-C) was the most appropriate procurement option. A trend emerged that for a building project of up to N100 million (Naira), the design – bid-construct, was the most appropriate for all building types. While for a building project of above N500 million (Naira), the management contracting was the most appropriate procurement option for all building types.

Eziyi, J, Elusiya J, Olateju O, Amusa Y, Akinpelu V, Eziyi A.  2021.   Abstract

Peri-oral injuries are common findings in paediatric patients; however, tongue injury following entrapment in bottles and cans is rare and has not been reported in our locality. A case of a 9- year old previously healthy female child who got her tongue tightly entrapped in an half opened aluminium milk can while in school is hereby presented. This case highlights the result of careless and often dangerous play and misadventures of children and the challenge of management. It calls for vigilance and close supervision of children by caregivers at home and at school. Early presentation, immediate intervention and treatment can prevent grave consequences.

Stephen, O, Gbenu S, Oyedotun K, Fasakin O, Akindoyin G, Shittu H, Fasasi M, Khandaker M, Osman H, Elesawy B, Kasprzhitskii A, Li Z.  2021.  11:1058. Abstract

This study fabricated and characterized a self-sustaining hydrogenous content clay-polyethylene composite opted for ionizing radiation shielding. Composites designated A–G were fabricated each containing 0–30 wt% of recycled low density polyethylene (LDPE), respectively. To know the effects of the incorporated LDPE on the morphology, microstructural, compressive strength, thermal property and displacement effect on the vital elements were studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffractometry (XRD), universal mechanical testing machine, differential thermal analysis (DTA), Rutherford backscattering (RBS) technique and particle induced X-ray emission (PIXE), respectively. The bulk densities of the clay composites ranged between 1.341 and 2.030 g/cm3. The samples’ XRD analysis revealed similar patterns, with a sharp and prominent peak at angle 2θ equals ~26.11°, which matched with card number 16-0606 of the Joint Committee on Powder Diffraction Standards (JCPDS) that represents Aluminum Silicate Hydroxide (Al2Si2O5(OH)4), a basic formula for Kaolin clay. The compressive strength ranged between 2.52 and 5.53 MPa. The ratio of Si to Al in each composite is about 1:1. The dehydroxylation temperature for samples ranged between 443.23 °C and 555.23 °C.

Folayan, M, Oginni A, El Tantawi M, Finlayson T, Adeniyi A.  2021.  21 Abstract
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Folayan, M, Olanrewaju I, Brown B, El Tantawi M, Uzochukwu B, Ezechi O, M. Aly N, Abeldaño G, Ara E, Ayanore M, Ayoola O, Osamika B, Ellakany P, Gaffar B, Idigbe I, Ishabiyi A, Jafer M, Khan A, Khalid Z, Nguyen A.  2021.  :3. Abstract
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Folayan, M, Olanrewaju I, Brown B, El Tantawi M, Uzochukwu B, Ezechi O, M. Aly N, Abeldaño G, Ara E, Ayanore M, Ayoola O, Osamika B, Ellakany P, Gaffar B, Idigbe I, Ishabiyi A, Jafer M, Khan A, Khalid Z, Nguyen A.  2021.  :3. Abstract

The aim of the study was to assess if there were significant differences in the adoption of COVID-19 risk preventive behaviors and experience of food insecurity by people living with and without HIV in Nigeria. This was a cross-sectional study that recruited a convenience sample of 4471 (20.5% HIV positive) adults in Nigeria. Binary logistic regression analysis was conducted to test the associations between the explanatory variable (HIV positive and non-positive status) and the outcome variables-COVID-19 related behavior changes (physical distancing, isolation/quarantine, working remotely) and food insecurity (hungry but did not eat, cut the size of meals/skip meals) controlling for age, sex at birth, COVID-19 status, and medical status of respondents. Significantly fewer people living with HIV (PLWH) reported a positive COVID-19 test result; and had lower odds of practicing COVID-19 risk preventive behaviors. In comparison with those living without HIV, PLWH had higher odds of cutting meal sizes as a food security measure (AOR: 3.18; 95% CI 2.60-3.88) and lower odds of being hungry and not eating (AOR: 0.24; 95% CI 0.20-0.30). In conclusion, associations between HIV status, COVID-19 preventive behaviors and food security are highly complex and warrant further in-depth to unravel the incongruities identified.

Folayan, M, Ibigbami O, Brown B, El Tantawi M, Uzochukwu B, Ezechi O, M. Aly N, Abeldaño G, Ara E, Ayanore M, Ayoola O, Osamika B, Ellakany P, Gaffar B, Idigbe I, Ishabiyi A, Jafer M, Khan A, Khalid Z, Nguyen A.  2021.  :3. Abstract

The aim of the study was to assess if there were significant differences in the adoption of COVID-19 risk preventive behaviors and experience of food insecurity by people living with and without HIV in Nigeria. This was a cross-sectional study that recruited a convenience sample of 4471 (20.5% HIV positive) adults in Nigeria. Binary logistic regression analysis was conducted to test the associations between the explanatory variable (HIV positive and non-positive status) and the outcome variables-COVID-19 related behavior changes (physical distancing, isolation/quarantine, working remotely) and food insecurity (hungry but did not eat, cut the size of meals/skip meals) controlling for age, sex at birth, COVID-19 status, and medical status of respondents. Significantly fewer people living with HIV (PLWH) reported a positive COVID-19 test result; and had lower odds of practicing COVID-19 risk preventive behaviors. In comparison with those living without HIV, PLWH had higher odds of cutting meal sizes as a food security measure (AOR: 3.18; 95% CI 2.60-3.88) and lower odds of being hungry and not eating (AOR: 0.24; 95% CI 0.20-0.30). In conclusion, associations between HIV status, COVID-19 preventive behaviors and food security are highly complex and warrant further in-depth to unravel the incongruities identified.