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Ogunbodede, E, A Kida I, S Madjapa H, Amedari M, Ehizele A, Mutave R, Sodipo B, Temilola S, Okoye L.  2015.  Oral Health Inequalities between Rural and Urban Populations of the African and Middle East Region, 2015/07/01. Advances in dental research. 27:18-25. Abstract

Although there have been major improvements in oral health, with remarkable advances in the prevention and management of oral diseases, globally, inequalities persist between urban and rural communities. These inequalities exist in the distribution of oral health services, accessibility, utilization, treatment outcomes, oral health knowledge and practices, health insurance coverage, oral health-related quality of life, and prevalence of oral diseases, among others. People living in rural areas are likely to be poorer, be less health literate, have more caries, have fewer teeth, have no health insurance coverage, and have less money to spend on dental care than persons living in urban areas. Rural areas are often associated with lower education levels, which in turn have been found to be related to lower levels of health literacy and poor use of health care services. These factors have an impact on oral health care, service delivery, and research. Hence, unmet dental care remains one of the most urgent health care needs in these communities. We highlight some of the conceptual issues relating to urban-rural inequalities in oral health, especially in the African and Middle East Region (AMER). Actions to reduce oral health inequalities and ameliorate rural-urban disparity are necessary both within the health sector and the wider policy environment. Recommended actions include population-specific oral health promotion programs, measures aimed at increasing access to oral health services in rural areas, integration of oral health into existing primary health care services, and support for research aimed at informing policy on the social determinants of health. Concerted efforts must be made by all stakeholders (governments, health care workforce, organizations, and communities) to reduce disparities and improve oral health outcomes in underserved populations.© International & American Associations for Dental Research 2015.

Oyedele, D.  2015.  Incidence and management of plant parasitic nematodes under continuous vegetable production in a rainforest agroecology in Nigeria, 2015/01/01. Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology. 90:20-24. Abstract
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Gbadegesin, AS, Eze EB, Oluwagbenga OOI, Fashae OA.  2015.  Frontiers in Environmental Research and Sustainable Environment in the 21st Century. , Ibadan: Ibadan University Press AbstractFrontiers in Environmental Research and Sustainable Environment in the 21st Century_Contents

The primary object of this book is to present current issues and problems relating to environmental sustainability and to discuss them as elements of the earth’s surface. This book is timely because of the widespread interest in geographical approaches to solving environmental problems. However, the celebration of the two Giants of Geography – Emeritus Professor Adetoye Faniran and Professor Olusegun Areola from the Department of Geography, University of Ibadan, Nigeria afforded scholars to share their interest especially because of the opportunity to celebrate the erudite Giants by holding a National Colloquium on Frontiers in Environmental Research and Sustainable Environment in the 21st Century. The collections of articles in this book result from the scholars’ concerns to evaluate environmental geographical applicability to environmental management in several natural resource fields. The study of such complexes requires more than one individual. This has led to the concept of interdisciplinary research which involves diversity of skills and specialties. Environmental geography has for some time been prominent in research and management studies, but only a few components have been measured or considered in most instances.

Ogunbodede, E, AMEDARI MI, Rudolph M.  2014.  FOOD SECURITY AND ORAL HEALTH OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN NIGERIA., 2014/06/27. Abstract

Objective: Oral health is associated with the availability, accessibility, and utilization of food. The objective of this study is to investigate the physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food among university students in Nigeria, and relate these to their oral health.Method: Extensive literature review was conducted using internet sources, journal publications and official reports. Cross-sectional stratified random sampling was conducted for undergraduate university students resident on campus at Obafemi Awolowo University. Data was collected using a modified format of the United States Household Food Security Survey Module of the USDA, with a section on oral health. Data was analysed using the SPSS Statistical package (Version 16) and differences were taken as significant at p<0.05.
Result:
Using the data collected, respondents were categorised into a “food secure” and “food insecure” groups. Food insecure individuals were more likely to have dental pathologies including toothache, gum bleeding, and oro-facial pain. They also had more
frequent history of tooth removal, irregular dental visit and less frequent tooth brush
Conclusion: Individuals challenged by the unavailability, inaccessibility, and poor utilization of safe and nutritious foods tend to have poorer oral health compared to those with better food security.

San-Martin, L, CASTAO SEIQUER SR A, Ribas Pérez D, Ogunbodede E.  2014.  Undergraduate Geriatric Dentistry Programs in Spain, 2014/06/26. Current Research in Dentistry. 6 Abstract

Objective: Over the past few decades, the world has experienced a gradual increase in the percentage of elderly people aged 65 years and over. As this elderly population increases, evidence suggests that their demand for dental services would increase. The increasing population of the elderly population in Spain has underlined the need for the dental profession to take pay particular attention to the oral health needs of older patients. The aim of this report is to present a preliminary assessment of the undergraduate Geriatric Dentistry programs in Spanish dental schools.Method: Study participants included all the dental schools in Spain (n=19). Using a simple, 12-item questionnaire, information was collected regarding the geriatric dental education programs from the official websites of all the schools.
Results: Only 42% (n=8) of schools offered a specific geriatric dentistry course. No significant differences were found in the proportion of public and private dental schools with geriatric dentistry departments (p=0.1312).
Conclusion: More studies on the curriculum content, design, implementation and evaluation of geriatric dentistry programs at the undergraduate level should be developed. Research must also focus on assessing the access and improvement to the oral care of the elderly population. Dental schools, organizations, local and state governments need to work together, using a multidisciplinary approach, in responding to the unmet needs of the elderly population.

San-Martin, L, CASTAO SEIQUER SR A, Ribas Pérez D, Ogunbodede E.  2014.  Undergraduate Geriatric Dentistry Programs in Spain, 2014/06/26. Current Research in Dentistry. 6 Abstract

Objective: Over the past few decades, the world has experienced a gradual increase in the percentage of elderly people aged 65 years and over. As this elderly population increases, evidence suggests that their demand for dental services would increase. The increasing population of the elderly population in Spain has underlined the need for the dental profession to take pay particular attention to the oral health needs of older patients. The aim of this report is to present a preliminary assessment of the undergraduate Geriatric Dentistry programs in Spanish dental schools.Method: Study participants included all the dental schools in Spain (n=19). Using a simple, 12-item questionnaire, information was collected regarding the geriatric dental education programs from the official websites of all the schools.
Results: Only 42% (n=8) of schools offered a specific geriatric dentistry course. No significant differences were found in the proportion of public and private dental schools with geriatric dentistry departments (p=0.1312).
Conclusion: More studies on the curriculum content, design, implementation and evaluation of geriatric dentistry programs at the undergraduate level should be developed. Research must also focus on assessing the access and improvement to the oral care of the elderly population. Dental schools, organizations, local and state governments need to work together, using a multidisciplinary approach, in responding to the unmet needs of the elderly population.

Ogunbodede, E.  2014.  Inequality in oral health between rural and urban areas, 2014/06/24. Abstract
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Braimoh, M, Ogunbodede E, Adeniyi A.  2014.  Integration of Oral Health into Primary Health Care System: Views of Primary Health Care Workers in Lagos State, Nigeria, 2014/03/05. journal of public health in africa. 5:35. Abstract

The limited access to oral health care in developing countries can be greatly improved by integrating oral health into the Primary Health Care (PHC) system. This study was designed to assess the views of PHC workers on integrating oral health care into the PHC system. A self-administered questionnaire sur- vey was conducted in two selected local govern- ment areas of Lagos State. The instrument contained three sections assessing socio- demographic features, knowledge of common oral diseases and views on integration of oral health into PHC respectively. The mean knowl- edge score was 7.75 (SD=±1.81), while 60.4% of the respondents had average knowledge scores. Educational status (P=0.018) and des- ignation (P=0.033) were significantly related to the mean knowledge scores. There was no significant difference in the oral health knowl- edge of the various cadres (P=0.393). Majority (85.4%) of the respondents were willing to include oral health education in their job schedule and 82% believed they needed more training on oral health. The knowledge of the respondents on the causes of the common oral diseases was deficient. Oral health education should be included in the future curriculum of these personnel.

Patience, U, Adesina F, Orimoogunje O.  2014.  Plantation Agriculture as a Driver of Deforestation and Degradation of Central African Coastal Estuarine Forest Landscape of South-Western Cameroon, 2014/01/01. Abstract

Plantation agriculture has a long history of establishment in Cameroon and is increasing at an unprecedented rate with detrimental impacts on coastal estuarine forest landscape. Remote sensing data from Landsat imageries and geographic information system (GIS) techniques were used to analyse changes in the areal extent of plantations within the coastal Atlantic estuarine forest complex area of Cameroon between the periods 1986, 2000 and 2011 to ascertain the extent of deforestation due to plantation agriculture. Given the base year of 1986(67,792 ha of plantation), the results showed a 67 and 47 % decrease in the dense coastal estuarine forest coverage in 2000 (14,032 ha) and 2011 (24,564 ha), respectively, in the area and an increase in the area occupied by plantations (51,295 ha in 2000 and 68,340 ha in 2011) giving an annual loss of 3.4 % estuarine forest complex and an increase in plantation area of 0.03 % from the periods 1986 to 2011. There is need for better plantation management practices and policies to curb further loss in estuarine forest cover with consequent implications on the Wouri estuary.

Sofowora, A, Ogunbodede E, Onayade A.  2013.  The Role and Place of Medicinal Plants in the Strategies for Disease Prevention, 2013/08/14. African journal of traditional, complementary, and alternative medicines : AJTCAM / African Networks on Ethnomedicines. 10:210-229. Abstract

Medicinal plants have been used in healthcare since time immemorial. Studies have been carried out globally to verify their efficacy and some of the findings have led to the production of plant-based medicines. The global market value of medicinal plant products exceeds $100 billion per annum. This paper discusses the role, contributions and usefulness of medicinal plants in tackling the diseases of public health importance, with particular emphasis on the current strategic approaches to disease prevention. A comparison is drawn between the 'whole population' and 'high-risk' strategies. The usefulness of the common-factor approach as a method of engaging other health promoters in propagating the ideals of medicinal plants is highlighted. The place of medicinal plants in preventing common diseases is further examined under the five core principles of the Primary Health Care (PHC) approach. Medicinal plants play vital roles in disease prevention and their promotion and use fit into all existing prevention strategies. However, conscious efforts need to be made to properly identify, recognise and position medicinal plants in the design and implementation of these strategies. These approaches present interesting and emerging perspectives in the field of medicinal plants. Recommendations are proposed for strategising the future role and place for medicinal plants in disease prevention.

San-Martin, L, Ogunbodede E, Kalenderian E.  2013.  A 50-year audit of published peer-reviewed literature on pit and fissure sealants, 1962–2011, 2013/06/14. Acta odontologica Scandinavica. 71 Abstract

Objective:Pit and fissure sealants have been used for many decades to prevent the initiation of caries on susceptible tooth surfaces. The purpose of this study was to analyze the peer-reviewed published scientific literature on pit and fissure sealants over the last 50 years.
Materials and methods:
On the PubMed database, all publications on pit and fissure sealants from 1962-2011 were extracted using the search phrase [(pit OR fissure) AND (sealant OR sealants OR adhesive)]. Details of all retrievals were individually entered into SPSS for analysis.
Results:
A total of 2829 publications were found. The mean number of authors was 2.73 ± 1.90 (range = 1-23). Although single-authorship was the modal group with 32.1%, it had a sustained decrease from 75.0% for 1962-1971 to 17.6% for 2002-2011. On the contrary, publications with three or more authors increased from 8.3% to 47.3% during the same period. Human studies accounted for 88.6% and clinical trial was 11.9%, followed by reviews at 10.2% and randomized controlled trials at 6.9%. English was the language of reporting for 82.0% of the studies.
Conclusion:
It is anticipated that future research on pit and fissure sealants will focus on newer and more effective materials.

Fatusi, O, Ogunbodede E.  2013.  Respect For Patient’s Autonomy And Traditional Incursion Into Orthodox Care, 2013/03/22. Abstract

Objective: To explore the ethical obligations of the surgeon to a patient who decided to seek cure from traditional healers in a country that recognises the two forms of care.Method: Case scenario and literature support of the ethical issues involved. Mr YK, 19-year-old secondary School student, who presented in the Maxillofacial surgery outpatient clinic with a 6 week history of jaw swelling. Despite the swelling, he was in good health. He neither smoked nor took alcohol. Examination revealed a firm to bony hard swelling in the right mandible and radiology revealed a radiolucent lesion. Incisional biopsy revealed malignant fibrous histiocytoma. The parents who would be financially responsible for the treatment were invited for a discussion but the mother was at the stage of “denial” and insisted that nobody had ever had ‘cancer’ in their family so her son could not have ‘cancer’. Their request for time to think it over was granted and the danger of delayed treatment was emphasized.
Result: The patient and parents were lost to follow-up for over two months and by the time they showed up in the clinic, the case was inoperable. We decided on the option of pre-operative chemotherapy to shrink the lesion but the patient deteriorated very fast and passed on. It was not surprising that the period of “temporary disappearance” was spent at a trado-medical hospital (herbalist). The ethical implications are discussed.
Conclusion: There is an urgent need to regulate traditional practice and encourage referral of serious cases by its practitioners.

Ogunbodede, E.  2013.  Population ageing and the implications for oral health in Africa, 2013/03/01. Gerodontology. 30:1-2. Abstract
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San-Martin, L, Castaño A, Bravo M, Tavares M, Niederman R, Ogunbodede E.  2013.  Dental sealant knowledge, opinion, values and practice of Spanish dentists, 2013/02/08. BMC oral health. 13:12. Abstract

BackgroundMultiple guidelines and systematic reviews recommend sealant use to reduce caries risk. Yet, multiple reports also indicate that sealants are significantly underutilized. This study examined the knowledge, opinions, values, and practice (KOVP) of dentists concerning sealant use in the southwest region of Andalusia, Spain. This is a prelude to the generation of a regional plan for improving children’s oral health in Andalusia.
Methods
The survey’s target population was dentists working in western Andalusia, equally distributed in the provinces of Seville, Cadiz, and Huelva (N=2,047). A convenience sample of meeting participants and meeting participant email lists (N=400) were solicited from the annual course on Community and Pediatric Dentistry. This course is required for all public health sector dentists, and is open to all private sector dentists. Information on the dentist’s KOVP of sealants was collected using four-part questionnaire with 31, 5-point Likert-scaled questions.
Results
The survey population demographics included 190 men (48%) and 206 women (52%) with an average clinical experience of 10.6 (± 8.4) years and 9.3 (± 7.5) years, respectively. A significant sex difference was observed in the distribution of place of work (urban/suburb) (p=0.001), but no sex differences between working sector (public/private). The mean ± SD values for each of the four KOVP sections for pit and fissure sealants were: knowledge = 3.57 ± 0.47; opinion = 2.48 ± 0.47; value = 2.74 ± 0.52; and practice = 3.48 ± 0.50. No sex differences were found in KOVP (all p >0.4). Independent of sex: knowledge statistically differed by years of experience and place of work; opinion statistically differed by years of experience and sector; and practice statistically differed by years of experience and sector. Less experienced dentists tended to have slightly higher scores (~0.25 on a Likert 1–5 scale). Statistically significant correlations were found between knowledge and practice (r=0.44, p=0.00) and between opinion and value (r=0.35, p=0.00).
Conclusions
The results suggest that, similar to other countries, Andalusian dentists know that sealants are effective, have neutral to positive attitudes toward sealants; though, based on epidemiological studies, underuse sealants. Therefore, methods other than classical behavior change (eg: financial or legal mechanisms) will be required to change practice patterns aimed at improving children's oral health.

San-Martin, L, Castaño A, Bravo M, Tavares M, Niederman R, Ogunbodede E.  2013.  Dental sealant knowledge, opinion, values and practice of Spanish dentists, 2013/02/08. BMC oral health. 13:12. Abstract

BackgroundMultiple guidelines and systematic reviews recommend sealant use to reduce caries risk. Yet, multiple reports also indicate that sealants are significantly underutilized. This study examined the knowledge, opinions, values, and practice (KOVP) of dentists concerning sealant use in the southwest region of Andalusia, Spain. This is a prelude to the generation of a regional plan for improving children’s oral health in Andalusia.
Methods
The survey’s target population was dentists working in western Andalusia, equally distributed in the provinces of Seville, Cadiz, and Huelva (N=2,047). A convenience sample of meeting participants and meeting participant email lists (N=400) were solicited from the annual course on Community and Pediatric Dentistry. This course is required for all public health sector dentists, and is open to all private sector dentists. Information on the dentist’s KOVP of sealants was collected using four-part questionnaire with 31, 5-point Likert-scaled questions.
Results
The survey population demographics included 190 men (48%) and 206 women (52%) with an average clinical experience of 10.6 (± 8.4) years and 9.3 (± 7.5) years, respectively. A significant sex difference was observed in the distribution of place of work (urban/suburb) (p=0.001), but no sex differences between working sector (public/private). The mean ± SD values for each of the four KOVP sections for pit and fissure sealants were: knowledge = 3.57 ± 0.47; opinion = 2.48 ± 0.47; value = 2.74 ± 0.52; and practice = 3.48 ± 0.50. No sex differences were found in KOVP (all p >0.4). Independent of sex: knowledge statistically differed by years of experience and place of work; opinion statistically differed by years of experience and sector; and practice statistically differed by years of experience and sector. Less experienced dentists tended to have slightly higher scores (~0.25 on a Likert 1–5 scale). Statistically significant correlations were found between knowledge and practice (r=0.44, p=0.00) and between opinion and value (r=0.35, p=0.00).
Conclusions
The results suggest that, similar to other countries, Andalusian dentists know that sealants are effective, have neutral to positive attitudes toward sealants; though, based on epidemiological studies, underuse sealants. Therefore, methods other than classical behavior change (eg: financial or legal mechanisms) will be required to change practice patterns aimed at improving children's oral health.

Folayan, M, Orenuga O, Bankole O, Oziegbe E, Denloye O, Oredugba F.  2013.  1000 Multiple Response Questions in Paediatric Dentistry. , 400 Ser Avenue, Suite 1600, Hauppauge, NY, 11788.: Nova Science Publishers Inc
Ogunbodede, E, ANIZOBA E.  2012.  The Growth of Dental Training Institutions in Post-Independence Nigeria, 2012/06/21. Abstract

Objective: Nigeria with the current population estimated at 160 million is the most populous black-country in the world. One fifth of every African is a Nigerian. Although modern dentistry had been practiced in the country since 1907, the first dental school was not established until 1966. Apart from Dental Surgeons and Dental Technologists, all other cadre of oral health personnel are trained outside the university. The main objective of the present study is to assess the growth of these dental training institutions over 50 years, from 1960 when Nigeria attained independence to 2010.Method: A desk review of publications of the National Universities Commission, Faculties of Dentistry, and other relevant institutions was conducted. These were complimented with related Journal articles, and publications of the professional registration bodies.
Result: There were nine universities with dental programmes in Nigeria, all of which are fully funded by government. The first of these was established in 1966. Over the 50 years Institutions training Dentists had increased to eight. There were two institutions training Dental Technologists, one of which is a university. Dental Nurses/Technicians were trained in Schools of Health Technology and these had increased in line with creation of new states in the country. Political considerations rather than strategic plans played significant roles in the establishment and growth of these training institutions.
Conclusion: These findings have serious policy implications. Specific plans need to be in place for the establishment of training institutions and the development of oral health workforce in the country.

Adeleke, O, Odetoyin B, Aboderin A, Okeke I.  2012.  The Role of Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase Producing {{Gram}} Negative Bacilli in Clinical Infections in a Nigerian University. Abstract

Objectives: Gram negative bacilli are being increasingly reported as important causes of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Resistance to antibiotics, particularly beta-lactam agents, amongst these organisms is a major public concern especially in hospitals and other health care settings, where beta-lactam drugs are the most commonly prescribed antibiotics. We recently encountered a case of prolonged uncontrolled fever due to extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in our hospital. We sought to determine the pattern of Gram negative bacilli involved in clinical infections, as well as the role of ESBL production in conferring resistance. Study design: One hundred and eighty-two consecutive non-duplicate clinical isolates of Gram negative bacilli from the diagnostic microbiology laboratory of Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex were identified using the API 20E kit. Antimicrobial susceptibility was determined by disc diffusion according to CLSI guidelines. Combination discs which have clavulanate incorporated with cefotaxime or ceftazidime were used to determine ESBL production. Results: The most frequently isolated organisms were Escherichia coli 43 (23.6%), Klebsiella pneumoniae ssp pneumoniae 17 (9.3%), Raoultella terrigena 15 (8.2%), Serratia spp 13 (7.1%) Proteus mirabilis 12 (6.6%), Acinetobacter baumanni 11 (6.0%), Enterobacter sakazakii 11 (6.0%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa 9 (4.9%) and Salmonella spp 7 (3.8%). Isolates were resistant to ampicillin (92%), tetracycline (90.3%), sulphonamide (86.6%), trimethoprim (83.1%), amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (78.5%), streptomycin (76.3%), chloramphenicol (67.2%), nalidixic acid (69.8%), ciprofloxacin (52.8%), gentamicin (51.7%) cefepime (50.6%), and ceftriaxone (45.8%), but not imipenem (6.1%). Almost a third (30.2%) of the isolates produced ESBLs. Conclusion: A wide-spectrum of Gram-negative bacilli is involved in clinical infections with high level multidrug resistance. ESBLs are important reasons for treatment failure in clinical infections and emergence of resistance to last-resort treatment imipenem forecasts a grave outlook. Clinical diagnostic microbiology laboratories need to perform ESBL screening routinely in our study environment.

A, O, Folayan M, T O, Harris G, Ogunbodede E.  2011.  Health workers perception of hospital’s institutional structure, 2011/01/01. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. 1:79-88. Abstract
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A, O, Folayan M, T O, Harris G, Ogunbodede E.  2011.  Health workers perception of hospital’s institutional structure, 2011/01/01. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. 1:79-88. Abstract
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xiv Siyanbola, Isola O, Hassan O, Ogundari I, Awoleye M, Adesina F, Ilori M.  2010.  R&D productivity and collaborations in selected Nigerian universities., 2010/10/20. Abstract

Research and development (R&D) is a significant component of quality higher education. This is quite understandable and appreciable because R&D, most especially in Science and Technology (S&T), has become the most enduring and effective means of improving sustainable economic growth, development and re-enforcing competitiveness in industries in a rapidly changing world. Universities are widely regarded not only as teaching establishments but also as organisations that create new knowledge and innovation through research. Many academics are of the opinion that doing research improves their teaching (Colbeck, 1998, 2002; Gamson, 1995; Stevans and Reingold, 2000; Robertson and Bond, 2001; Wenzel, 2001; Winkler, 1992a, b; Woolcock, 1997; Zamorski, 2002; in Begum, 2006). In recent times, universities often use evidence of research excellenceto employ or promote staff. The main claim of the teachers and administrators are that research activity can and does serve as an important mode of teaching and a valuable means of learning and thus research is a strong condition for teaching.R&D is one of the main thrusts of activities of western universities. The developed nations have clearly demonstrated that one of the most potent means of achieving developmental goals is effective building of capability in Research and Development. They have also demonstrated the relevance of effective collaboration to sustainable scientific and technological advancement (Boozeman and Lee, 2003). To corroborate this, Ehikhamenor (2003) opined that scientific productivity, in the form of intellectual contributions to the advancement of S&T, is a fundamental consideration in the scientific enterprise. A crucial requirement for
productivity and development in S&T is a system of communication among scientists and the dissemination of scientific information. Productive R&D is expected to lead to new product(s) development or improvement of existing product(s), new process development or improvement of existing process, patents, copyrights and publications. Scientific publication is a sign of good quality of invention and research outputs. Patents, copyrights, and funds from companies are signs that those inventions have market potentials (Carneiro, 2000; Werner and Souder, 1997; in Numprasertchai and Igel, 2005). Tangible R&D outcomes should promote the link between academia and the industry. However, many private and public organizations in Nigeria are skeptical about R&D outcomes from the universities and in many cases the needs of these organisations are not met. These invariably have further widened the gap between universities and industries (Oyebisi et al., 1996).
Many studies on research productivity and collaborations include an underlining assumption that collaborative activities increase research productivity (Duque et al., 2005). However, there is a dearth of information on the validity of this proposition in Nigeria. Are Nigerian researchers collaborating for R&D among themselves and with others outside their institutions? What factors inhibit collaboration activities of researchers? What influence do researchers’ collaborations have on their R&D productivity? These are some of the pertinent questions addressed in this study. For the survey, 457 copies of questionnaire were randomly distributed among lecturers. 274 of these were returned and found useful (60% response rate). The field respondents were from Faculties of Agriculture (30.8%), Science (38.8%) and Engineering/Technology (30.4%). In assessing R&D productivity of researchers we adopt the partial productivity approach. Researchers’ publications were used as output and the number of years spent to produce the publications as input (in this study 5 years, (2004 – 2008)). The normal count (of output), which is the most frequently used approach, is adopted. The outcome of the study indicated a positive relationship between R&D productivity and collaboration. This is in agreement with some previous studies on the subject of research productivity and collaboration (Lee and Bozeman, 2005; Landry et al., 1996; Harman, 1999; in Rijnsoever et al., 2008, Walsh and Maloney, 2003; in Duque et. al., (2005)

Adesina, F, Odekunle T, Ajayi O, Eludoyin A, Babatimehin O, DAMI A, Sanni M, Aloba O, Magare A, Adetiloye OT.  2010.  Adaptation Strategies of Action for Nigeria, 2010/06/18. Abstract
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Adesina, F, Odekunle T, Ajayi O, Eludoyin A, Babatimehin O, DAMI A, Sanni M, Aloba O, Magare A, Adetiloye OT.  2010.  Adaptation Strategies of Action for Nigeria, 2010/06/18. Abstract
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