Export 196 results:
Sort by: Author Title Type [ Year  (Asc)]
Aladesanmi, AJ, Adewunmi CO, Kelley CJ, Leary JD, Bischoff TA, Xiaolin Z, Snyder JK.  1988.  Lenticellarine, A Molluscicidal Alkaloid from Dysoxylum lenticellare, Phytochemistry. 27:3789-3792.
Balogun, MO, Ajayi AA, Ladipo GOA.  1988.  Spectrum of treadmill exercise responses in Africans with normotension, essential hypertension and hypertensive heart failure. International Journal of Cardiology. 21:293-300.
Balogun, MO, Ladipo GOA.  1989.  Cardiovascular responses to maximal treadmill exercise in healthy adult Nigerians. African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences. 18:109-116.
Ajayi, AA, Balogun MO, Oyewo EA, Ladipo GOA.  1989.  Enalapril in African patients with congestive cardiac failure. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 27:400-403.
Adejuyigbe, O, Lawal O, Akinola D, Nwosu S.  1990.  Omental and mesenteric cysts in Nigerian children, 07. Journal of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh. 35:181-4. Abstract
Ogunbodede, E, Olusile A, Ogunniyi SO, L Faleyimu B.  1992.  Dental treatment needs in an African obstetric population, 1992/08/01. Tropical doctor. 22:126-7. Abstract
Balogun, MO, Omotoso AB, Bell E, Lip GYH, Gemill JD, Hogg KJ, Dunn FG.  1993.  An audit of emergency echocardiography in a district general hospital. International Journal of Cardiology. 41:65-68.
Ogunbodede, E, Olusile A, Ogunniyi SO, L Faleyimu B.  1996.  Socio-economic factors and dental health in obstetric population, 1996/07/01. West African journal of medicine. 15:158-62. Abstract

The relationship between socio-economic factors and dental health in an Obstetric Nigerian population was studied. The mean gestational age (+/-standard deviation) was 30.16 + 5.45 weeks (range 16-40 weeks). Acquisition of dental education was found to be unrelated to level of education. When the prevalence of dental caries and periodontal disease were considered, the difference between the high, middle and low socio-economic groups were found to be significant (p < 0.05).

Lajide, L, Adedire CO, Muse WA, Agele SO.  1998.  Insecticidal activit of powders of some Nigerian plants against the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais, Mostch.. Entomological Society of Nigeria Occassional Publications. 31:227-235.
L Ugboko, V, Olasoji O, Ogunbodede E.  1998.  Cervicofacial actinomycosis after partial mandibular resection: Case report, 1998/03/01. East African medical journal. 75:122-3. Abstract

An unusual case of cervicofacial actinomycosis in a 60-year old male Nigerian is reported. The patient had had partial mandibular resection for plexiform ameloblastoma one year earlier with insertion of Kirschner wire to serve as a splint. The authors highlight the possible pathophysiology of this condition. It is suggested that clinicians be aware of the various modes of presentation and natural history of the disease to facilitate prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment. This will assist in forestalling the numerous complications that may result from actinomycosis.

E.O.Orji, Lasisi AR.  2002.  Male contribution to infertility at the Ife State Hospital, Osun State, Nigeria.. Nigerian Journal of Medicine. 11(2):71-74.
Egharevba, GO, Lambi JN, Akanni MS, Jeynes C, Ajayi EOB, Adedeji AV, Eleruja MA.  2002.  Perparation and Characterization of Undoped Zinc Oxide and Uranium Doped Zinc Oxide Thin Films.. Elsevier science B.V.. Vol. 20:119-123.
Folayan, MO, Faponle FO, Lamikanra A.  2002.  Seminars on controversial issues: a review of the pharmacological approach to the management of dental anxiety in children . International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry . 12(5):347-354.
Ogunbodede, E, Lawal O, Lamikanra A, N Okeke I, Rotimi O, A Rasheed A.  2002.  Helicobacter pylori in the dental plaque and gastric mucosa of dyspeptic Nigerian patients, 2002/07/01. Tropical gastroenterology : official journal of the Digestive Diseases Foundation. 23:127-33. Abstract

Presence of helicobacter pylori (H.Pylori) in the dental plaques may be associated with the presence of the same organism in gastric mucosa.To assess and compare the prevalence of H. pylori in dental plaques and gastric mucosa of dyspeptic Nigerians.
Sixty-six consecutive patients undergoing endoscopy for investigation of dyspepsia were included in the study. A predesigned questionnaire was used to collect information on socio-demographic and other factors. Each patient also had clinical dental examination. Dental plaque scrapping was collected before endoscopy for helicobacter pylori culture, and at endoscopy, two gastric biopsy specimens were taken for culture and histology.
The mean age (+/- SD) of the patients was 44.8 (+/- 17.4) years (range 5 to 80 years). The positivity rate of helicobacter pylori in gastric biopsy was 35 of 66 (53.0%) while the same for dental plaque was 46 of 66 (69.7%). The correlation (Spearman's) between gastric mucosa and dental plaque colonization with helicobactor pylori was significant (R = 0.30, P = 0.01). When concordant positivity of gastric biopsy culture and histology was taken as diagnostic, the sensitivity of dental plaque culture was found to be 82.9% and the specificity was 45.2%.
This study revealed that helicobactor pylori has a high prevalence in the dental plaque of the population that we have studied and may therefore be of potential relevance in screening for such infection.

Faborode, MO, Owolarafe OK, Lasisi AA, Kasali SA, Oguntuase KS.  2003.  Techno-economic assessment of seed oil-palm extraction in some selected states Nigeria.. Technovation. 23(6):545-553.
Olldashi, F, Muzha I, Filipi N, Lede R, Copertari P, Traverso C, Copertari A, Vergara EA, Montenegro C, De Huidobro RR et al..  2004.  Effect of intravenous corticosteroids on death within 14 days in 10008 adults with clinically significant head injury (MRC CRASH trial): Randomised placebo-controlled trial, 2004. The Lancet. 364(9442) Abstract

Background Corticosteroids have been used to treat head injuries for more than 30 years. In 1997, findings of a systematic review suggested that these drugs reduce risk of death by 1-2%. The CRASH trial—a multicentre international collaboration—aimed to confirm or refute such an effect by recruiting 20 000 patients. In May, 2004, the data monitoring committee disclosed the unmasked results to the steering committee, which stopped recruitment. Methods 10 008 adults with head injury and a Glasgow coma score (GCS) of 14 or less within 8 h of injury were randomly allocated 48 h infusion of corticosteroids (methylprednisolone) or placebo. Primary outcomes were death within 2 weeks of injury and death or disability at 6 months. Prespecified subgroup analyses were based on injury severity (GCS) at randomisation and on time from injury to randomisation. Analysis was by intention to treat. Effects on outcomes within 2 weeks of randomisation are presented in this report. This study is registered as an International Standard Randomised Controlled Trial, number ISRCTN74459797. Findings Compared with placebo, the risk of death from all causes within 2 weeks was higher in the group allocated corticosteroids (1052 [21·1%] vs 893 [17·9%] deaths; relative risk 1·18 [95% CI 1·09-1·27]; p=0·0001). The relative increase in deaths due to corticosteroids did not differ by injury severity (p=0·22) or time since injury (p=0·05). Interpretation Our results show there is no reduction in mortality with methylprednisolone in the 2 weeks after head injury. The cause of the rise in risk of death within 2 weeks is unclear.

Olabanji, JK, Onayemi O, Olayinka A, Olasode O, Lawal A-R.  2005.  Keloids: An old problem still searching for a solution. . Surgical Practice.. 9(1):2-7.
Omoleke, II, L. B.  2005.  Legal and Socio-Economic Implications of Privatising Energy Enterprises in Africa. Lesotho Law Journal. 15(1):97-140.
Windsor, HM, Abioye-Kuteyi EA, Leber JM, Morrow SD, Bulsara MK, Marshall BJ.  2005.  Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori in Indigenous Western Australians: comparison between urban and remote rural populations.. Medical Journa of Australia. 182(5):210-213.
Owotade, F, Ogunbodede E, Lawal AA.  2005.  Oral Diseases in the Elderly, A Study in Ile-Ife, Nigeria, 2005/03/01. Journal of Social Sciences. 10:105-110. Abstract

To highlight oral diseases found in an elderly Nigerian population. The records of 494 elderly patients were retrospectively reviewed. The presenting complaints, relevant extraoral and intraoral findings, clinical diagnosis and investigations carried out were recorded. The ages ranged from 55 years to 120 years with almost half (44.0%) in the 60 to 69 year age group. Pain was the commonest presenting complaint (66.2%). Attrition was present in only 8% and was not related to age or sex. Coronal and root surface caries was present in 12.8% and 0.8% respectively and caries was significantly commoner in females and those who were presenting for the first time (p<0.05 and 0.01 respectively). Chronic periodontitis was the most prevalent oral disease (73.9%) and appeared to worsen with age, and decline with the state of the oral hygiene (p<0.05). Denture sore mouth was present in only females (p<0.01). Majority of the elderly (96.0%) had more than 20 teeth while only 16(3.2%) were edentulous. Squamous cell carcinoma was found in 11 patients and it affected significantly more males than females (p<0.05). Significant differences exist in the pattern of oral diseases in Nigeria when compared with the findings in other countries. Such differences might be due to socio-cultural, genetic and environmental factors.

B.O, A, R. FB, O OE, LA B.  2006.  Blindness and visual Impairment among the elderly in Ife -Ijesha Zone of Osun State, Nigeria. Indian Journal of Ophthalmology. 54(1):59-62.
Oluwaranti, AI, O.O. Abiona, C.E. Onime, L.O. Kehinde, and Radicella SM.  2006.  Development of a non-intrusive network traffic monitoring and analysis system. African Journal of Science and Technology. Vol. 7, No. 2, December 2006(Addis Ababa, Ethiopia):pp.54-69. Abstract

The growth in the use of World Wide Web (WWW) in the Internet has caused a significant
increase in the type and volume of network traffic. Presently, there is complete reliance on computer
networks by most enterprise, hence the importance of network traffic monitoring and analysis can
not be over emphasized. Most of the existing traffic monitoring and analysis tools are only capable
of measuring traffic loads on individual network segments and servers generating such traffic.
Nowadays, there is exponential increase in Intranet to Internet traffic due to www and other
applications, the need to determine which host or application is generating the most traffic is
crucial and important in managing limited network resources efficiently.This paper presents an
approach to monitoring Intranet to Internet traffic through the development of a non intrusive
network traffic monitoring and analysis system. The experimental aims include being able to monitor
live network traffic without adversely imparting on performance and also to identify and monitor
traffic patterns (both speed and volume) on the basis of host (IP address), protocol and time of the
day. This work builds on a previous work with a limitation to monitoring network traffic in a
switched environment.The setup presented in this paper meets with the above aims and has been in
use at the Obafemi Awolowo University, since April 2003. The monitoring interface was placed in
promiscuous mode, and a Perl wrapper script was used to start the IP Network Monitoring Software
(IPTraf) with suitable argument, to gather detailed interface statistics information and also produce
suitable log files used by Multi Router Traffic Grapher (MRTG) to generate graphical overview and
Webalizer to generate detailed analysis. Other scripts used are Run_mrtg, used to run MRTG via a
crontab. Mrtg_reader was used to read and clear the counter file. Run_webalizer was used to run
Webalizer via a crontab, and Webalizer_caller was used to Calls Webalizer to process the file, with
input file and output directory specified. The MRTG graph shows usage pattern, network downtime,
peak and saturation periods. While the Webalizer shows detailed statistical information about the
total packets and kilobytes transferred on an hourly, daily and monthly basis. The paper explains
how it has been implemented at the Obafemi Awolowo University campus network and the
requirements – software and hardware to install such a system on any network.

Mosaku, KS, Fatoye FO, Komolafe M, Lawal M, Ola BA.  2006.  Quality of life and associated factors among adults with epilepsy in Nigeria, 2006. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine. 36(4) Abstract

Objective: Epilepsy is a common condition worldwide and has been observed to affect quality of life (QOL). Though, much has been written on this subject among western populations, little research has been done in developing countries of Africa including Nigeria. The study aims to identify factors associated with quality of life among adult epilepsy patients in this environment. Method: Respondents were evaluated using the 10-item Quality of Life in Epilepsy Inventory (QOLIE-10), the 30-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-30), the modified Mini Mental State Examination (mMMSE),and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Diagnosis of epilepsy was based on clinical and electroencephalographic findings. Results: The mean age of the 51 respondents was 27.7years (SD = 9.7). Thirteen (25.5%) had an average of 2 seizure episodes in the month preceding the interview, while 37 (72.5%) have had the condition for more than 5 years. Factors that were significantly associated with overall quality of life included being female (p < 0.05), seizure frequency (p < 0.01), using more than 1 anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) (p < 0.01), GHQ-30 score (p < 0.01), high anxiety score (p < 0.001), and high depression score p < 0.01). Multiple regression analysis showed that depressive symptoms were the single most important factor explaining low QOL. Other factors were GHQ-30 score, seizure frequency, and being a woman. Conclusion: Controlling seizures and paying attention to the psychological needs of adult epileptics will have a positive effect on the QOL among Nigerian epileptics. © 2006, Baywood Publishing Co., Inc.