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L, sa.  2005.  Leishmaniasis presenting as severe anaemia in an adult female Nigerian. African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology. 6(3):253-255.11._leishmaniasis_manuscript.pdf
L, S.  2006.  Clinicopathological features of Nigerians with Myelodysplastic syndromes. . European Journal of General Medicine. 3(4):173-177.15._mds_manuscript.pdf
L Ugboko, V, Olasoji O, Ogunbodede E.  1998.  Cervicofacial actinomycosis after partial mandibular resection: Case report, 1998/03/01. East African medical journal. 75:122-3. Abstract

An unusual case of cervicofacial actinomycosis in a 60-year old male Nigerian is reported. The patient had had partial mandibular resection for plexiform ameloblastoma one year earlier with insertion of Kirschner wire to serve as a splint. The authors highlight the possible pathophysiology of this condition. It is suggested that clinicians be aware of the various modes of presentation and natural history of the disease to facilitate prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment. This will assist in forestalling the numerous complications that may result from actinomycosis.

L..  2008.  The use of imatinib mesylate in Nigerians with chronic myeloid leukaemia. . Cellular Therapy and Transplantation. 1(2):58-62.
L.A, J, E.T O, J.A A, A.A A.  2016.  EXPERIMENT AL INVESTIGATION OF FOULING CHARACTERISTICS OF DIESEL OIL. Ife Journal of Science. 18(3):721-728.jimoda_et_al_13.pdf
L.J.J, G, W.L A, M E, P.A M, T B, B A, P D, F.K.N A, S.A B, A M, M L, E.A A-A, W D, P T, O J, M D, P A, A.A O, R B, G P-R, M G, S O-Y, G.O O, P.B O, L A-R, F A, T H, P G, M.O O, C.J B, M.L M, A.A A, J.C M, A B.  2016.  Association studies and direct DNA sequencing implicate genetic susceptibility loci in the etiology of nonsyndromic orofacial clefts in sub-Saharan African populations. J Dental Research. 95(11):1245-1256.
L.J.J, G, T.D B, P.A M, M.A E, W.L A, B A, P D, F.K.N A, P A, O J, P T, R B, A.A O, G P-R, S O-Y, F A, P.E H-W, T H, J.C M, A B.  2017.  The prevalence, penetrance and expressivity of etiologic IRF6 variants in orofacial clefts patients from sub-Saharan Africa. Molecular Genetics Genomic Med.. 5(2):164-171.
Lähteenmäki, H, Umeizudike K, Heikkinen A, Räisänen I, Rathnayake N, Johannsen G, Tervahartiala T, Nwhator S, Sorsa T.  2020.  aMMP-8 Point-of-Care/Chairside Oral Fluid Technology as a Rapid, Non-Invasive Tool for Periodontitis and Peri-Implantitis Screening in a Medical Care Setting, 2020/08/05. 10:562. Abstract
Lajide, L, Adedire CO, Muse WA, Agele SO.  1998.  Insecticidal activit of powders of some Nigerian plants against the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais, Mostch.. Entomological Society of Nigeria Occassional Publications. 31:227-235.
Lal, C, Jain IP, DiSanto G, Caputo M, Panighel M, Taleatu BA, Goldoni A.  2013.  XPS study of 2H-TPP at Fe/Si(111) system, Dec. 2012. AIP Proceedings. , India
Lal, C, DiSanto G, Caputo M, Panighel M, Taleatu BA, Goldoni A, Jain IP.  2014.  Electronic Structure of Fe3Si on Si(100) Substrates, Dec.. AIP Proceedings. , India
Lal, C, DiSanto G, Caputo M, Panighel M, Taleatu BA, Goldoni A, Jain IP.  2014.  XPS studies of the adsorption characteristics of 2H-TPP at Fe/Si interface. Optoelectronics and Advanced materials-Rapid Communications. 8(5-6):465-469.
Lalude, LO, Oluwo RD, Taiwo KA.  2010.  Effect of solute infiltration on oil uptake and cyanide content of fried cassava chips (abacha). Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment. 8(3&4):244-246.: World Food Ltd Abstract
Lalude, LO, Oluwo RD, Taiwo KA.  2010.  Effect of solute infiltration on oil uptake and cyanide content of fried cassava chips (abacha). Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment. 8(3&4):244-246.: World Food Ltd Abstract
Lamikanra, A, Crowe JL, Lijek RS, Odetoyin BW, Wain J, Aboderin OA, Okeke IN.  2011.  Rapid evolution of fluoroquinolone-resistant Escherichia coli in Nigeria is temporally associated with fluoroquinolone use. BMC infectious diseases. 11:312., Number 1: BioMed Central Abstract
Lamikanra, A, Crowe JL, Lijek RS, Odetoyin BW, Wain J, Aboderin OA, Okeke IN.  2011.  Rapid Evolution of Fluoroquinolone-Resistant {{Escherichia}} Coli in {{Nigeria}} Is Temporally Associated with Fluoroquinolone Use, dec. BMC Infectious Diseases. 11, Number 1: {BioMed Central} Abstract

Background: Antibiotic resistance has necessitated fluoroquinolone use but little is known about the selective forces and resistance trajectory in malaria-endemic settings, where selection from the antimalarial chloroquine for fluoroquinolone-resistant bacteria has been proposed. Methods: Antimicrobial resistance was studied in fecal Escherichia coli isolates in a Nigerian community. Quinolone-resistance determining regions of gyrA and parC were sequenced in nalidixic acid resistant strains and horizontally-transmitted quinolone-resistance genes were sought by PCR. Antimicrobial prescription practices were compared with antimicrobial resistance rates over a period spanning three decades. Results: Before 2005, quinolone resistance was limited to low-level nalixidic acid resistance in fewer than 4% of E. coli isolates. In 2005, the proportion of isolates demonstrating low-level quinolone resistance due to elevated efflux increased and high-level quinolone resistance and resistance to the fluoroquinolones appeared. Fluoroquinolone resistance was attributable to single nucleotide polymorphisms in quinolone target genes gyrA and/or parC. By 2009, 35 (34.5%) of isolates were quinolone non-susceptible with nine carrying gyrA and parC SNPs and six bearing identical qnrS1 alleles. The antimalarial chloroquine was heavily used throughout the entire period but E. coli with quinolone-specific resistance mechanisms were only detected in the final half decade, immediately following the introduction of the fluoroquinolone antibacterial ciprofloxacin. Conclusions: Fluoroquinolones, and not chloroquine, appear to be the selective force for fluoroquinolone-resistant fecal E. coli in this setting. Rapid evolution to resistance following fluoroquinolone introduction points the need to implement resistant containment strategies when new antibacterials are introduced into resource-poor settings with high infectious disease burdens.

Laniyan, TA, Ajibade OM, Bayewu OO, Oshomoji AO.  2015.  IMPACT OF URBAN ACTIVITIES ON GROUNDWATER QUALITIES IN ABEOKUTA SOUTHWESTERN, NIGERIA. Ife Journal of Science. 17(2)laniyan_et_al_1.pdf
Larsson, KAE, Saheed SA, Gradin T, Delp G, Karpinska B, Botha CEJ, Jonsson LMV.  2011.  Differential regulation of 3-Aminomethylindole / N-Methyl-3-aminomethylindole N-methyltransferase and gramine in barley by both biotic and abiotic stress conditions. . Plant Physiology and Biochemistry . 49:96-102.larsson_et_al_2011.pdf
Lateef, M, Akinsulore A.  2021.  Covid-19: Implications for Corporate Governance and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in Africa, 2021/01/01. 12:139-160. Abstract

The paper examines the implications of COVID-19 for corporate governance and CSR, as well as the responses of corporations in Africa to deal with, support, and complement governments’ efforts in combating the pandemic’s menaces. It outlines some of the challenges and significant improvements that are necessary to shape the future of corporate laws and legal reforms in Africa. The paper concludes that sound corporate governance practice and corporate investment in CSR can help to shape the performance and resilience of corporations in Africa to adverse shocks such as the present COVID-19 pandemic.

Lawal, O, Balogun M, Akintomide A, Ayoola O, Mene-Afejuku T, Ogunlade O, Okunola O, Lawal A, Akinsola A.  2019.  Carotid Intima-Media Thickness: A Surrogate Marker for Cardiovascular Disease in Chronic Kidney Disease Patients, 2019/06/01. 13:117954681985294. Abstract

Background:Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) is a measure of atherosclerotic vascular disease and considered a comprehensive picture of all alterations caused by multiple cardiovascular risk factors over time on the arterial walls. We therefore sought to determine the CIMT of the common carotid artery in patients with CKD and to evaluate the clinical pattern and prevalence of CVD in CKD patients.
A case-control study involving 100 subjects made of 50 patients with CKD stages 2 to 4 and 50 age and sex matched apparently normal individuals. Carotid intima-media thickness of the common carotid artery was considered thickened if it measured greater than 0.8 mm. All subjects had laboratory investigations, 12-lead electrocardiogram, transthoracic echocardiography, and ankle-brachial index.
The mean CIMT was higher in CKD population compared with controls (P < .001). Eighty-four percent of the study population was found to have thickened CIMT compared with 18% of controls (P < .001). Patients with CKD had significantly higher blood pressure and heart rate than controls. Cardiovascular disease was also more prevalent among patients with CKD as compared with controls. Carotid intima-media thickness positively correlated with age, blood pressure, and random blood sugar.
As CIMT was well correlated with many cardiovascular risk factors among CKD patients, it may serve as a surrogate marker for CVD and its early assessment may target patients who may need more aggressive therapy to retard the progression of kidney disease and improve outcome.

Lawal, US, Oladokun TT, Ayodele TO.  2019.  Commercial Real Estate Investment in Ibadan Property Market: An Examination of the Risk-Return Characteristics.. Journal of Environmental Design.. 14(2):75-85..
Lawani, AO.  2011.  The Effects of Parenting Styles on Student’s Disposition to Violence in Osun State, Nigeria. Revista de Cercetaresi Interventie Sociala. 32:86-94.
Lawani A.O..  2012.  Sino- Africa Economic and Trade Relations: Its Impact and Implications on the African Continent.. African Journal of Business Management. 6(21):6420-6427.