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Lamikanra, A, Crowe JL, Lijek RS, Odetoyin BW, Wain J, Aboderin OA, Okeke IN.  2011.  Rapid evolution of fluoroquinolone-resistant Escherichia coli in Nigeria is temporally associated with fluoroquinolone use. BMC infectious diseases. 11:312., Number 1: BioMed Central Abstract
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Lamikanra, A, Crowe JL, Lijek RS, Odetoyin BW, Wain J, Aboderin OA, Okeke IN.  2011.  Rapid Evolution of Fluoroquinolone-Resistant {{Escherichia}} Coli in {{Nigeria}} Is Temporally Associated with Fluoroquinolone Use, dec. BMC Infectious Diseases. 11, Number 1: {BioMed Central} Abstract

Background: Antibiotic resistance has necessitated fluoroquinolone use but little is known about the selective forces and resistance trajectory in malaria-endemic settings, where selection from the antimalarial chloroquine for fluoroquinolone-resistant bacteria has been proposed. Methods: Antimicrobial resistance was studied in fecal Escherichia coli isolates in a Nigerian community. Quinolone-resistance determining regions of gyrA and parC were sequenced in nalidixic acid resistant strains and horizontally-transmitted quinolone-resistance genes were sought by PCR. Antimicrobial prescription practices were compared with antimicrobial resistance rates over a period spanning three decades. Results: Before 2005, quinolone resistance was limited to low-level nalixidic acid resistance in fewer than 4% of E. coli isolates. In 2005, the proportion of isolates demonstrating low-level quinolone resistance due to elevated efflux increased and high-level quinolone resistance and resistance to the fluoroquinolones appeared. Fluoroquinolone resistance was attributable to single nucleotide polymorphisms in quinolone target genes gyrA and/or parC. By 2009, 35 (34.5%) of isolates were quinolone non-susceptible with nine carrying gyrA and parC SNPs and six bearing identical qnrS1 alleles. The antimalarial chloroquine was heavily used throughout the entire period but E. coli with quinolone-specific resistance mechanisms were only detected in the final half decade, immediately following the introduction of the fluoroquinolone antibacterial ciprofloxacin. Conclusions: Fluoroquinolones, and not chloroquine, appear to be the selective force for fluoroquinolone-resistant fecal E. coli in this setting. Rapid evolution to resistance following fluoroquinolone introduction points the need to implement resistant containment strategies when new antibacterials are introduced into resource-poor settings with high infectious disease burdens.

A, B, P M, W A, M E, L G, R B, B A, J R, C E, J O, O O, A L, F A, T H, I M, P G, M D, M G, A A, M M, J M.  2014.  Rare functional variants in genome-wide association identified candidate genes for nonsyndromic clefts in the African population.. Am J Med Genet A. 164A(10):2567-2571.
Ishola, A, Asaleye M, Ayoola O, Loto O, Idowu B.  2016.  Reference Ranges of Fetal Cerebral Lateral Ventricle Parameters by Ultrasonography, 2016/10/17. 38 Abstract

ObjectivesThis study was done to evaluate the normal fetal cerebral lateral ventricle dimensions with transabdominal ultrasonography. The atrial width (AW), ventricle-tochoroid measurement (V-C), ventricle-to-hemisphere ratio (VHR), and combined anterior horn measurement (CAHM) were taken.
Methods
This was a cross-sectional study involving 400 normal singleton pregnant subjects whose gestational ages were between 14 and 40 weeks. Transabdominal sonography was performed to obtain the values of the fetal cerebral lateral ventricle (FCLV) parameters. Data were reported as mean standard deviation (SD) for continuous variables. The degrees of correlation between FCLV parameters and the estimated gestational age (EGA) were obtained using Pearson's correlation. Regression equations were used to generate the reference limits for the FCLV measurements.
Results
The values of AW, V-C measurements and CAHM increased with advancing gestation. The mean values of the AW, V-C and CAHM from 14 to 40 weeks increased from 6.60 0.94 mm to 9.75 0.07 mm (R² = 0.114), 0.80 0.00 mm to 1.90 0.14 mm (R²= 0.266), and 6.95 0.06 mm to 23.07 4.02 mm (R²= 0.692) respectively, while the mean VHR decreased from 61.20 1.60% to 42.84 2.91% (R² = 0.706) over the same period.
Conclusion
The AW, V-C, and CAHM increase, while VHR decreases with advancing gestation.

Ishola, A, Asaleye M, Ayoola O, Loto O, Idowu B.  2016.  Reference Ranges of Fetal Cerebral Lateral Ventricle Parameters by Ultrasonography, 2016/10/17. 38 Abstract

ObjectivesThis study was done to evaluate the normal fetal cerebral lateral ventricle dimensions with transabdominal ultrasonography. The atrial width (AW), ventricle-tochoroid measurement (V-C), ventricle-to-hemisphere ratio (VHR), and combined anterior horn measurement (CAHM) were taken.
Methods
This was a cross-sectional study involving 400 normal singleton pregnant subjects whose gestational ages were between 14 and 40 weeks. Transabdominal sonography was performed to obtain the values of the fetal cerebral lateral ventricle (FCLV) parameters. Data were reported as mean standard deviation (SD) for continuous variables. The degrees of correlation between FCLV parameters and the estimated gestational age (EGA) were obtained using Pearson's correlation. Regression equations were used to generate the reference limits for the FCLV measurements.
Results
The values of AW, V-C measurements and CAHM increased with advancing gestation. The mean values of the AW, V-C and CAHM from 14 to 40 weeks increased from 6.60 0.94 mm to 9.75 0.07 mm (R² = 0.114), 0.80 0.00 mm to 1.90 0.14 mm (R²= 0.266), and 6.95 0.06 mm to 23.07 4.02 mm (R²= 0.692) respectively, while the mean VHR decreased from 61.20 1.60% to 42.84 2.91% (R² = 0.706) over the same period.
Conclusion
The AW, V-C, and CAHM increase, while VHR decreases with advancing gestation.

Ijadunola, M, Olotu E, Makhele M, Audu J, Longe M, Lawal S.  2020.  Reproductive health challenges of male and female street beggars and use of reproductive health services by female street beggars in Ife-Ijesa, Nigeria, 07. The European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care. 25:1-6. Abstract
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Makinde, ON, Salako AA, Loto OM, Fasubaa OB, Ogunniyi SO, Onwudiegwu U, Dare FO.  2012.  Retrograde ejaculation related infertility in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Tropical Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology. 29(1):126-130.
Panighel, M, DiSanto G, Caputo M, Lal C, Taleatu BA, Goldoni A.  2013.  Review of 2H-tetraphenylporphyrins metalation in ultra-high vacuum on metal surfaces. IOP Conf. Series. , Trieste, Italy
Panighel, M, DiSanto G, Caputo M, Lal C, Taleatu BA, Goldoni A.  2013.  Review of 2H-Tetraphenylporphyrins Metalation in Ultra-high Vacuum on Metal Surfaces. IOP Conference Series. :1088-1742., England: Journal of Physics
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Ogunfowokan, AO, Mmualefe LC, Mwatseteza JF, L. B, L. C, Nindi MM, N. T.  2007.  Sample preparation for chromatography: An African perspective. Journal of Chromatography A. 1153(1-2):1-13.
Lyra Jr, H, Collaborative G, Arnaud A, Azevedo J, Bravo A, Chaudhry D, Alameer E, Elsanhoury K, Elhadi M, Emile S, Gallo G, Glasbey J, Isik A, Jones C, Leventoğlu S, Li E, Martin J, Mohan H, Soon WC.  2021.  SARS-CoV-2 infection and venous thromboembolism after surgery: an international prospective cohort study, 08. Anaesthesia. Abstract
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B.E., A, L.A. A, S.O. A.  2009.  Seed germination and in vitro propagation of Piliostigma thonningii – an important medicinal plant.. African Journal of Biotechnology . Vol. 8(3):401-404.
Folayan, MO, Faponle FO, Lamikanra A.  2002.  Seminars on controversial issues: a review of the pharmacological approach to the management of dental anxiety in children . International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry . 12(5):347-354.
Nwhator, SO, Ogunwemimo MT, Gieselmann DR, Lazzara M, Sorsa T.  Submitted.  Simple periodontal treatment predict preterm surrogate marker levels. Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences. 19:1–5., Number 3 Abstract
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Zhang, X, Wang X, Smarandache F, Jaiyeola TG, Lian T.  2019.  Singular Neutrosophic Extended Triplet Groups and Generalized Groups. Cognitive Systems Research. 57:32–40.
Lawani A.O..  2012.  Sino- Africa Economic and Trade Relations: Its Impact and Implications on the African Continent.. African Journal of Business Management. 6(21):6420-6427.
Ogunbodede, E, Olusile A, Ogunniyi SO, L Faleyimu B.  1996.  Socio-economic factors and dental health in obstetric population, 1996/07/01. West African journal of medicine. 15:158-62. Abstract

The relationship between socio-economic factors and dental health in an Obstetric Nigerian population was studied. The mean gestational age (+/-standard deviation) was 30.16 + 5.45 weeks (range 16-40 weeks). Acquisition of dental education was found to be unrelated to level of education. When the prevalence of dental caries and periodontal disease were considered, the difference between the high, middle and low socio-economic groups were found to be significant (p < 0.05).

Balogun, MO, Ajayi AA, Ladipo GOA.  1988.  Spectrum of treadmill exercise responses in Africans with normotension, essential hypertension and hypertensive heart failure. International Journal of Cardiology. 21:293-300.
Oke, IA, Ismail A, Lukman S, Adie DB, Adeosun OO, Umaru AB, Nwude MO.  2015.  STATISTICAL EVALUATION OF MATHEMATICAL METHODS IN SOLVING LINEAR THEORY PROBLEMS: DESIGN OF WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS. Ife Journal of Science. 17(2)oke_et_al_3.pdf
Owolabi, M, Sarfo F, Howard VJ, Irvin MR, Gebregziabher M, Akinyemi R, Bennett A, Armstrong K, Tiwari HK, Akpalu A, Wahab KW, Owolabi L, Fawale B, Komolafe M, Obiako R, Adebayo P, Manly JM, Ogbole G, Melikam E, Laryea R, Saulson R, Jenkins C, Arnett DK, Lackland DT, Ovbiagele B, Howard G.  2017.  Stroke in Indigenous Africans, African Americans, and European Americans: Interplay of Racial and Geographic Factors, 2017. Stroke. 48(5) Abstract

Background and Purpose - The relative contributions of racial and geographic factors to higher risk of stroke in people of African ancestry have not been unraveled. We compared stroke type and contributions of vascular risk factors among indigenous Africans (IA), African Americans (AA), and European Americans (EA). Methods - SIREN (Stroke Investigative Research and Educational Network) is a large multinational case-control study in West Africa - the ancestral home of 71% AA - whereas REGARDS (Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke) is a cohort study including AA and EA in the United States. Using harmonized assessments and standard definitions, we compared data on stroke type and established risk factors for stroke in acute stroke cases aged ≥55 years in both studies. Results - There were 811 IA, 452 AA, and 665 EA stroke subjects, with mean age of 68.0±9.3, 73.0±8.3, and 76.0±8.3 years, respectively (P<0.0001). Hemorrhagic stroke was more frequent among IA (27%) compared with AA (8%) and EA (5.4%; P<0.001). Lacunar strokes were more prevalent in IA (47.1%), followed by AA (35.1%) and then EA (21.0%; P<0.0001). The frequency of hypertension in decreasing order was IA (92.8%), followed by AA (82.5%) and then EA (64.2%; P<0.0001) and similarly for diabetes mellitus IA (38.3%), AA (36.8%), and EA (21.0%; P<0.0001). Premorbid sedentary lifestyle was similar in AA (37.7%) and EA (34.0%) but lower frequency in IA (8.0%). Conclusions - Environmental risk factors such as sedentary lifestyle may contribute to the higher proportion of ischemic stroke in AA compared with IA, whereas racial factors may contribute to the higher proportion of hypertension and diabetes mellitus among stroke subjects of African ancestry.

Folayan, MO, Sofola OO, Khami RM, Esan AO, Popoola O, Folaranmi N, Orenuga O, Ligali TO, Phillips B.  2014.  Study motives, career choices and interest in paediatric dentistry among final year dental students in Nigeria. BMC Medical Education . 14(1):130.doi:10.1186/1472-6920-14-130.
Sartorius, B, VanderHeide J, Yang M, Goosmann E, Hon J, Haeuser E, Chowdhury MAK, Perkins S, Jahagirdar D, Schaeffer L, Serfes A, LeGrand K, Abbastabar H, Hailemariam Z, Eshete A, Abu-Gharbieh E, Accrombessi M, Adebayo O, Adegbosin A.  2021.  Subnational mapping of HIV incidence and mortality among individuals aged 15–49 years in sub-Saharan Africa, 2000–18: a modelling study, 2021/06/05. Abstract
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Sartorius, B, VanderHeide J, Yang M, Goosmann E, Hon J, Haeuser E, Chowdhury MAK, Perkins S, Jahagirdar D, Schaeffer L, Serfes A, LeGrand K, Abbastabar H, Hailemariam Z, Eshete A, Abu-Gharbieh E, Accrombessi M, Adebayo O, Adegbosin A.  2021.  Subnational mapping of HIV incidence and mortality among individuals aged 15–49 years in sub-Saharan Africa, 2000–18: a modelling study, 2021/06/01. 8:e363-e375. Abstract
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Mouras, F, Badri A, Maček D, Magdalenić I, Ređep NB, Li Y, Liu Y, Li H, Liang N, Terai A, others.  2020.  Survey of the Risk Management Methods, Techniques and Software Used Most Frequently in Occupational Health and Safety. Int. J. Saf. Secur. Eng. 10:149–160. Abstract
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