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Alatise, O, Lawal O, Agbakwuru A, Adesunkanmi A, Faponle AF, Dare F, Ogunniyi S, Akinola D.  2007.  Emergency Non–obstetric Abdominal Surgery in Pregnancy., 01. East and Central African Journal of Surgery (ISSN: 1024-297X) Vol 12 Num 2. 12 Abstract
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Ajayi, AA, Balogun MO, Oyewo EA, Ladipo GOA.  1989.  Enalapril in African patients with congestive cardiac failure. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. 27:400-403.
Alatise, O, Arigbabu A, Lawal O, Adesunkanmi A, Agbakwuru A, Ndububa D, Akinola D.  2009.  Endoscopic hemorrhoidal sclerotherapy using 50% dextrose water: A preliminary report, 06. Indian journal of gastroenterology : official journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology. 28:31-2. Abstract
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James, S, Castle C, Dingels Z, Fox J, Hamilton E, Liu Z, Roberts N, Sylte D, Bertolacci G, Cunningham M, Henry N, LeGrand K, Abdelalim A, Abdollahpour I, Suliankatchi R, Abedi A, Abegaz K, Eshete A, I. Abushouk A.  2020.  Estimating global injuries morbidity and mortality: Methods and data used in the Global Burden of Disease 2017 study, 2020/08/24. 26:injuryprev-2019. Abstract
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Bisi-Johnson, MA, Obi CL, Hattori T, Li S, Kambizi L, Eloff JN, Vasaikar SD.  2011.  Evaluation of the antibacterial and anticancer activities of some South African medicinal plants.. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 11:14
New, M, Hewitson B, Stephenson D, Tsiga A, Kruger A, Manhique A, Gomez B, Coelho S, Masisi D, Kululanga E, Mbambalala E, Adesina F, Saleh H, Kanyanga JK, Adosi J, Bulane L, Fortunata L, Mdoka M, Lajoie R.  2006.  Evidence of trends in daily climate extremes over southern and west Africa, 2006/07/27. 111 Abstract

[ 1] There has been a paucity of information on trends in daily climate and climate extremes, especially from developing countries. We report the results of the analysis of daily temperature ( maximum and minimum) and precipitation data from 14 south and west African countries over the period 1961 - 2000. Data were subject to quality control and processing into indices of climate extremes for release to the global community. Temperature extremes show patterns consistent with warming over most of the regions analyzed, with a large proportion of stations showing statistically significant trends for all temperature indices. Over 1961 to 2000, the regionally averaged occurrence of extreme cold ( fifth percentile) days and nights has decreased by - 3.7 and - 6.0 days/decade, respectively. Over the same period, the occurrence of extreme hot (95th percentile) days and nights has increased by 8.2 and 8.6 days/decade, respectively. The average duration of warm ( cold) has increased ( decreased) by 2.4 (0.5) days/decade and warm spells. Overall, it appears that the hot tails of the distributions of daily maximum temperature have changed more than the cold tails; for minimum temperatures, hot tails show greater changes in the NW of the region, while cold tails have changed more in the SE and east. The diurnal temperature range (DTR) does not exhibit a consistent trend across the region, with many neighboring stations showing opposite trends. However, the DTR shows consistent increases in a zone across Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, and Mozambique, coinciding with more rapid increases in maximum temperature than minimum temperature extremes. Most precipitation indices do not exhibit consistent or statistically significant trends across the region. Regionally averaged total precipitation has decreased but is not statistically significant. At the same time, there has been a statistically significant increase in regionally averaged daily rainfall intensity and dry spell duration. While the majority of stations also show increasing trends for these two indices, only a few of these are statistically significant. There are increasing trends in regionally averaged rainfall on extreme precipitation days and in maximum annual 5-day and 1-day rainfall, but only trends for the latter are statistically significant.

New, M, Hewitson B, Stephenson D, Tsiga A, Kruger A, Manhique A, Gomez B, Coelho S, Masisi D, Kululanga E, Mbambalala E, Adesina F, Saleh H, Kanyanga JK, Adosi J, Bulane L, Fortunata L, Mdoka M, Lajoie R.  2006.  Evidence of trends in daily climate extremes over southern and west Africa, 2006/07/27. 111 Abstract

[ 1] There has been a paucity of information on trends in daily climate and climate extremes, especially from developing countries. We report the results of the analysis of daily temperature ( maximum and minimum) and precipitation data from 14 south and west African countries over the period 1961 - 2000. Data were subject to quality control and processing into indices of climate extremes for release to the global community. Temperature extremes show patterns consistent with warming over most of the regions analyzed, with a large proportion of stations showing statistically significant trends for all temperature indices. Over 1961 to 2000, the regionally averaged occurrence of extreme cold ( fifth percentile) days and nights has decreased by - 3.7 and - 6.0 days/decade, respectively. Over the same period, the occurrence of extreme hot (95th percentile) days and nights has increased by 8.2 and 8.6 days/decade, respectively. The average duration of warm ( cold) has increased ( decreased) by 2.4 (0.5) days/decade and warm spells. Overall, it appears that the hot tails of the distributions of daily maximum temperature have changed more than the cold tails; for minimum temperatures, hot tails show greater changes in the NW of the region, while cold tails have changed more in the SE and east. The diurnal temperature range (DTR) does not exhibit a consistent trend across the region, with many neighboring stations showing opposite trends. However, the DTR shows consistent increases in a zone across Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, and Mozambique, coinciding with more rapid increases in maximum temperature than minimum temperature extremes. Most precipitation indices do not exhibit consistent or statistically significant trends across the region. Regionally averaged total precipitation has decreased but is not statistically significant. At the same time, there has been a statistically significant increase in regionally averaged daily rainfall intensity and dry spell duration. While the majority of stations also show increasing trends for these two indices, only a few of these are statistically significant. There are increasing trends in regionally averaged rainfall on extreme precipitation days and in maximum annual 5-day and 1-day rainfall, but only trends for the latter are statistically significant.

New, M, Hewitson B, Stephenson D, Tsiga A, Kruger A, Manhique A, Gomez B, Coelho S, Masisi D, Kululanga E, Mbambalala E, Adesina F, Saleh H, Kanyanga JK, Adosi J, Bulane L, Fortunata L, Mdoka M, Lajoie R.  2006.  Evidence of trends in daily climate extremes over southern and west Africa, 2006/07/27. 111 Abstract

[ 1] There has been a paucity of information on trends in daily climate and climate extremes, especially from developing countries. We report the results of the analysis of daily temperature ( maximum and minimum) and precipitation data from 14 south and west African countries over the period 1961 - 2000. Data were subject to quality control and processing into indices of climate extremes for release to the global community. Temperature extremes show patterns consistent with warming over most of the regions analyzed, with a large proportion of stations showing statistically significant trends for all temperature indices. Over 1961 to 2000, the regionally averaged occurrence of extreme cold ( fifth percentile) days and nights has decreased by - 3.7 and - 6.0 days/decade, respectively. Over the same period, the occurrence of extreme hot (95th percentile) days and nights has increased by 8.2 and 8.6 days/decade, respectively. The average duration of warm ( cold) has increased ( decreased) by 2.4 (0.5) days/decade and warm spells. Overall, it appears that the hot tails of the distributions of daily maximum temperature have changed more than the cold tails; for minimum temperatures, hot tails show greater changes in the NW of the region, while cold tails have changed more in the SE and east. The diurnal temperature range (DTR) does not exhibit a consistent trend across the region, with many neighboring stations showing opposite trends. However, the DTR shows consistent increases in a zone across Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, and Mozambique, coinciding with more rapid increases in maximum temperature than minimum temperature extremes. Most precipitation indices do not exhibit consistent or statistically significant trends across the region. Regionally averaged total precipitation has decreased but is not statistically significant. At the same time, there has been a statistically significant increase in regionally averaged daily rainfall intensity and dry spell duration. While the majority of stations also show increasing trends for these two indices, only a few of these are statistically significant. There are increasing trends in regionally averaged rainfall on extreme precipitation days and in maximum annual 5-day and 1-day rainfall, but only trends for the latter are statistically significant.

L.A, J, E.T O, J.A A, A.A A.  2016.  EXPERIMENT AL INVESTIGATION OF FOULING CHARACTERISTICS OF DIESEL OIL. Ife Journal of Science. 18(3):721-728.jimoda_et_al_13.pdf
Caputo, M, DiSanto G, Parisse P, Petaccia L, Floreano L, Verdini A, Panighel M, Struzzi C, Taleatu B, Lal C, Goldoni A.  2012.  Experimental Study of Pristine and Alkali Metal Doped Picene Layers: Confirmation of the Insulating Phase in Multilayer Doped Compounds. Physical Chemistry C. 116:19902-19908.caputo_et_al._2012-_jpc.pdf
Caputo, M, DiSanto G, Parisse P, Petaccia L, Floreano L, Verdini A, Panighel M, Struzzi C, Taleatu B, Lal C, Goldoni A.  2012.  Experimental Study of Pristine and Alkali Metal Doped Picene Layers: Confirmation of the Insulating Phase in Multilayer Doped Compounds. Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 116:19902-19908.
Adeoye, AM, Ovbiagele B, Kolo P, Appiah L, Aje A, Adebayo O, Sarfo F, Akinyemi J, Adekunle G, Agyekum F, Shidali V, Ogah O, Lackland D, Gebregziabher M, Arnett D, Tiwari HK, Akinyemi R, Olagoke OO, Oguntade AS, Olunuga T, Uwanruochi K, Jenkins C, Adadey P, Iheonye H, Owolabi L, Obiako R, Akinjopo S, Armstrong K, Akpalu A, Fakunle A, Saulson R, Aridegbe M, Olowoyo P, Osaigbovo G, Akpalu J, Fawale B, Adebayo P, Arulogun O, Ibinaiye P, Agunloye A, Ishaq N, Wahab K, Akpa O, Adeleye O, Bock-Oruma A, Ogbole G, Melikam S, Yaria J, Ogunjimi L, Salaam A, Sunmonu T, Makanjuola A, Farombi T, Laryea R, Uvere E, Kehinde S, Chukwuonye I, Azuh P, Komolafe M, Akintunde A, Obiabo O, Areo O, Kehinde I, Amusa AG, Owolabi M.  2017.  Exploring Overlaps Between the Genomic and Environmental Determinants of LVH and Stroke: A Multicenter Study in West Africa, 2017. Global Heart. 12(2) Abstract

Background Whether left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is determined by similar genomic and environmental risk factors with stroke, or is simply an intermediate stroke marker, is unknown. Objectives We present a research plan and preliminary findings to explore the overlap in the genomic and environmental determinants of LVH and stroke among Africans participating in the SIREN (Stroke Investigative Research and Education Network) study. Methods SIREN is a transnational, multicenter study involving acute stroke patients and age-, ethnicity-, and sex-matched control subjects recruited from 9 sites in Ghana and Nigeria. Genomic and environmental risk factors and other relevant phenotypes for stroke and LVH are being collected and compared using standard techniques. Results This preliminary analysis included only 725 stroke patients (mean age 59.1 ± 13.2 years; 54.3% male). Fifty-five percent of the stroke subjects had LVH with greater proportion among women (51.6% vs. 48.4%; p < 0.001). Those with LVH were younger (57.9 ± 12.8 vs. 60.6 ± 13.4; p = 0.006) and had higher mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure (167.1/99.5 mm Hg vs 151.7/90.6 mm Hg; p < 0.001). Uncontrolled blood pressure at presentation was prevalent in subjects with LVH (76.2% vs. 57.7%; p < 0.001). Significant independent predictors of LVH were age <45 years (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]: 1.91; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.14 to 3.19), female sex (AOR: 2.01; 95% CI: 1.44 to 2.81), and diastolic blood pressure > 90 mm Hg (AOR: 2.10; 95% CI: 1.39 to 3.19; p < 0.001). Conclusions The prevalence of LVH was high among stroke patients especially the younger ones, suggesting a genetic component to LVH. Hypertension was a major modifiable risk factor for stroke as well as LVH. It is envisaged that the SIREN project will elucidate polygenic overlap (if present) between LVH and stroke among Africans, thereby defining the role of LVH as a putative intermediate cardiovascular phenotype and therapeutic target to inform interventions to reduce stroke risk in populations of African ancestry.

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Stephen, O, Gbenu S, Oyedotun K, Fasakin O, Akindoyin G, Shittu H, Fasasi M, Khandaker M, Osman H, Elesawy B, Kasprzhitskii A, Li Z.  2021.  Fabrication and Characterization of Clay-Polyethylene Composite Opted for Shielding of Ionizing Radiation, 2021/09/03. 11:1058. Abstract

This study fabricated and characterized a self-sustaining hydrogenous content clay-polyethylene composite opted for ionizing radiation shielding. Composites designated A–G were fabricated each containing 0–30 wt% of recycled low density polyethylene (LDPE), respectively. To know the effects of the incorporated LDPE on the morphology, microstructural, compressive strength, thermal property and displacement effect on the vital elements were studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffractometry (XRD), universal mechanical testing machine, differential thermal analysis (DTA), Rutherford backscattering (RBS) technique and particle induced X-ray emission (PIXE), respectively. The bulk densities of the clay composites ranged between 1.341 and 2.030 g/cm3. The samples’ XRD analysis revealed similar patterns, with a sharp and prominent peak at angle 2θ equals ~26.11°, which matched with card number 16-0606 of the Joint Committee on Powder Diffraction Standards (JCPDS) that represents Aluminum Silicate Hydroxide (Al2Si2O5(OH)4), a basic formula for Kaolin clay. The compressive strength ranged between 2.52 and 5.53 MPa. The ratio of Si to Al in each composite is about 1:1. The dehydroxylation temperature for samples ranged between 443.23 °C and 555.23 °C.

Folayan, M, Olanrewaju I, El Tantawi M, Brown B, M. Aly N, Ezechi O, Abeldaño G, Ara E, Ayanore M, Ellakany P, Gaffar B, Al-Khanati N, Idigbe I, Ishabiyi A, Jafer M, Khan A, Khalid Z, Lawal F, Lusher J, Nguyen A.  2021.  Factors Associated with Financial Security, Food Security and Quality of Daily Lives of Residents in Nigeria during the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic, 2021/07/27. 18:7925. Abstract
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Folayan, M, Ibigbami O, El Tantawi M, Brown B, M. Aly N, Ezechi O, Abeldaño G, Ara E, Ayanore M, Ellakany P, Gaffar B, Al-Khanati N, Idigbe I, Ishabiyi A, Jafer M, Khan A, Khalid Z, Lawal F, Lusher J, Nguyen A.  2021.  Factors Associated with Financial Security, Food Security and Quality of Daily Lives of Residents in Nigeria during the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic, 2021/07/27. 18:7925. Abstract

An online survey was conducted to identify factors associated with financial insecurity, food insecurity and poor quality of daily lives of adults in Nigeria during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. The associations between the outcome (experience of financial loss, changes in food intake and impact of the pandemic on daily lives) and the explanatory (age, sex, education level, anxiety, depression, HIV status) variables were determined using logistic regression analysis. Of the 4439 respondents, 2487 (56.0%) were financially insecure, 907 (20.4%) decreased food intake and 4029 (90.8%) had their daily life negatively impacted. Males (AOR:0.84), people who felt depressed (AOR:0.62) and people living with HIV -PLHIV- (AOR:0.70) had significantly lower odds of financial insecurity. Older respondents (AOR:1.01) had significantly higher odds of financial insecurity. Those depressed (AOR:0.62) and PLHIV (AOR:0.55) had significantly lower odds of reporting decreased food intake. Respondents who felt anxious (AOR:0.07), depressed (AOR: 0.48) and who were PLHIV (AOR:0.68) had significantly lower odds of reporting a negative impact of the pandemic on their daily lives. We concluded the study findings may reflect a complex relationship between financial insecurity, food insecurity, poor quality of life, mental health, and socioeconomic status of adults living in Nigeria during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Akpa, OM, Okekunle AP, Ovbiagele B, Sarfo FS, Akinyemi RO, Akpalu A, Wahab KW, Komolafe M, Obiako R, Owolabi LF, Ogbole G, Fawale B, Fakunle A, Asaleye CM, Akisanya CO, Hamisu DA, Ogunjimi L, Adeoye A, Ogah O, Lackland D, Uvere EO, Faniyan MM, Asowata OJ, Adeleye O, Aridegbe M, Olunuga T, Yahaya IS, Olaleye A, Calys-Tagoe B, Owolabi MO.  2021.  Factors associated with hypertension among stroke-free indigenous Africans: Findings from the SIREN study, 2021. Journal of Clinical Hypertension. 23(4) Abstract

Hypertension is one of the most important risk factors for stroke and cardiovascular diseases (CVD) globally. Understanding risk factors for hypertension among individuals with matching characteristics with stroke patients may inform primordial/primary prevention of hypertension and stroke among them. This study identified the risk factors for hypertension among community-dwelling stroke-free population in Ghana and Nigeria. Data for 4267 community-dwelling stroke-free controls subjects in the Stroke Investigative Research and Education Network (SIREN) study in Nigeria and Ghana were used. Participants were comprehensively assessed for sociodemographic, lifestyle and metabolic factors using standard methods. Hypertension was defined as a previous diagnosis by a health professional or use of an anti-hypertensive drug or mean systolic blood pressure ≥ 140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 90 mmHg. Logistic regression analysis was used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (aOR) of hypertension and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) at p <.05. Overall, 56.7% of the participants were hypertensive with a higher proportion among respondents aged ≥60 years (53.0%). Factors including physical inactivity (aOR: 9.09; 95% CI: 4.03 to 20.53, p <.0001), diabetes (aOR: 2.70; CI: 1.91 to 3.82, p <.0001), being ≥60 years (aOR: 2.22; 95% CI: 1.78 to 2.77, p <.0001), and family history of CVD (aOR 2.02; CI: 1.59 to 2.56, p <.0001) were associated with increased aOR of hypertension. Lifestyle factors were associated with hypertension in the current population of community-dwelling stroke-free controls in west Africa. Community-oriented interventions to address sedentary lifestyles may benefit this population and reduce/prevent hypertension and stroke among them.

Aworinde, O, Ayoola O, Loto O, Olufemi-Aworinde K, Idowu B, Adeniji A, Owonikoko K.  2015.  First trimester Prediction of Hypertensive disorders in Pregnancy using Doppler ultrasonography in an African population, 2015/01/01. Abstract
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EJ, L, H L, JC C, JR S, E F, G W, CA L, D J, CC L, Doheny KF, T MH, J R, C S, J J, B E, AR V, K N, J S, AE C, F D, K C, RG M, RT L, RT L, A W, PA R, LL F, CD P, la EMC C-de P, AC L, LC V-R, AM L-P, DR V, M A-B, EE C, JC M, FA P, IM O, FM C, JT H, SH B, CJ B´, A B, PA M, WL A, O J, Braimah RO, BS A, MA E, M D, M K, F S, L M, de J E´quez S, SM W, L M, RA C, JC M, ML M.  2016.  A genome-wide association study of nonsyndromic cleft palate identifies an etiologic missense variant in GRHL3. . Am J Hum Genet. 98:744–754.
A., B, P.A. M, W.L. A, M.A. E, L.J.J. G, T.D. B, D J, W. Y, L. H, C.A. L, C.C. L, S. N, M. L, P.A. S-L, W.P. M, K.S. M, O. J, P.B. O, B.S. A, R.O B, F.O. O, A.O. O, Bello S.A., J. R, R. S, P. D, S. O-Y, F.KN A, M.L. M, R.A. C, J.C. M, and AA A.  2019.  Genomic analyses in African populations identify novel risk loci for cleft palate. Human Molecular Genetics . 28(6 ):1038–1051.
Jafarinia, M, Vos T, Lim S, Naghavi M, Murray C, Onwujekwe O, Oancea B, Aravkin A, Zheng P, Cristiana A, Abbas K, Abbasi-Kangevari M, Abd-Allah F, Abdelalim A, Abdollahi M, Abdollahpour I, Abegaz K, Abolhassani H, Aboyans V, Ghajar A.  2020.  Global burden of 369 diseases and injuries in 204 countries and territories, 1990–2019: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019, 2020/10/16. 396:1204-1222. Abstract
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Deshpande, A, Miller-Petrie M, Lindstedt P, Baumann M, Johnson K, Blacker B, Abbastabar H, Abd-Allah F, Abdelalim A, Abdollahpour I, Abegaz K, Abejie A, Guimarães Abreu L, Abrigo M, Abualhasan A, Accrombessi M, Adamu A, Adebayo O, Isaac A, Karimi S.  2020.  The global distribution of lymphatic filariasis, 2000–18: a geospatial analysis, 2020/09/01. 8:e1186-e1194. Abstract
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De Vries(nci, J, Murtomaa H, Butler(com M, Cherrett(nci H, Ferrillo(nci P, Ferro M, Gadbury-Amyot C, Haden K, Manogue M, Mintz J, E. Mulvihill(nci J, Murray(nci B, Nattestad A, Nielsen(nci D, Ogunbodede E, Parkash H, Plasschaert(nci F, T. Reed(nci M, L. Rupp(com R, Shanley(nci D.  2008.  The Global Network on Dental Education: a new vision for IFDEA, 2008/02/15. European Journal of Dental Education. 12:167-175. Abstract

The advent of globalization has changed our perspectives radically. It presents increased understanding of world affairs, new challenges and exciting opportunities. The inequitable distribution and use of finite energy resources and global warming are just two examples of challenges that can only be addressed by concerted international collaboration. Globalization has become an increasingly important influence on dentistry and dental education. The International Federation for Dental Educators and Associations (IFDEA) welcomes the challenges it now faces as a player in a complex multifaceted global community. This report addresses the new circumstances in which IFDEA must operate, taking account of the recommendations made by other working groups. The report reviews the background and evolution of IFDEA and describes the extensive developments that have taken place in IFDEA over the past year with the introductions of a new Constitution and Bylaws overseen by a newly established Board of Directors. These were the consequence of a new mission, goals and objectives for IFDEA. An expanded organization is planned using http://www.IFDEA.org as the primary instrument to facilitate the exchange of knowledge, programmes and expertise between colleagues and federated associations throughout the world, thereby promoting higher standards in oral health through education in low-, middle- and high-income countries of the world. Such aspirations are modified by the reality and enormity of poverty-related global ill health.

Amarquaye, G, Arrow P, Bansal K, Bedi R, Campus G, Chen KJ, Chibinski A, Chinzorig T, Crystal Y, Duangthip D, Ferri M, Folayan M, Garidkhuu A, Hamama H, Jirarattanasopa V, Kemoli A, Leal S, Leelataweewud P, Chu C-H.  2021.  Global Oral Health Policies and Guidelines: Using Silver Diamine Fluoride for Caries Control, 2021/07/01. 2:685557. Abstract
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