Publications

Export 619 results:
Sort by: Author Title [ Type  (Asc)] Year
Book
Funso, ADESOLA, Iwebunor OKWECHIME, Ronke AKO-NAI, Akin IWILADE.  2015.  State, Governance and Security in Africa: A Festschrift in Honour of Professor Bamitale Idowu Omole. , Tallahassee, Florida, (USA): SokheChapke Publishing Inc.
Idowu, AA.  2012.  "Sovereighty and External Interventions: The Crisis in Cote d' Ivoire".. , Germany, 51 pages: LAP, Lambert Academic Publishing, 66121 Saarbrucken,
xiv Siyanbola, Isola O, Hassan O, Ogundari I, Awoleye M, Adesina F, Ilori M.  2010.  R&D productivity and collaborations in selected Nigerian universities., 2010/10/20. Abstract

Research and development (R&D) is a significant component of quality higher education. This is quite understandable and appreciable because R&D, most especially in Science and Technology (S&T), has become the most enduring and effective means of improving sustainable economic growth, development and re-enforcing competitiveness in industries in a rapidly changing world. Universities are widely regarded not only as teaching establishments but also as organisations that create new knowledge and innovation through research. Many academics are of the opinion that doing research improves their teaching (Colbeck, 1998, 2002; Gamson, 1995; Stevans and Reingold, 2000; Robertson and Bond, 2001; Wenzel, 2001; Winkler, 1992a, b; Woolcock, 1997; Zamorski, 2002; in Begum, 2006). In recent times, universities often use evidence of research excellenceto employ or promote staff. The main claim of the teachers and administrators are that research activity can and does serve as an important mode of teaching and a valuable means of learning and thus research is a strong condition for teaching.R&D is one of the main thrusts of activities of western universities. The developed nations have clearly demonstrated that one of the most potent means of achieving developmental goals is effective building of capability in Research and Development. They have also demonstrated the relevance of effective collaboration to sustainable scientific and technological advancement (Boozeman and Lee, 2003). To corroborate this, Ehikhamenor (2003) opined that scientific productivity, in the form of intellectual contributions to the advancement of S&T, is a fundamental consideration in the scientific enterprise. A crucial requirement for
productivity and development in S&T is a system of communication among scientists and the dissemination of scientific information. Productive R&D is expected to lead to new product(s) development or improvement of existing product(s), new process development or improvement of existing process, patents, copyrights and publications. Scientific publication is a sign of good quality of invention and research outputs. Patents, copyrights, and funds from companies are signs that those inventions have market potentials (Carneiro, 2000; Werner and Souder, 1997; in Numprasertchai and Igel, 2005). Tangible R&D outcomes should promote the link between academia and the industry. However, many private and public organizations in Nigeria are skeptical about R&D outcomes from the universities and in many cases the needs of these organisations are not met. These invariably have further widened the gap between universities and industries (Oyebisi et al., 1996).
Many studies on research productivity and collaborations include an underlining assumption that collaborative activities increase research productivity (Duque et al., 2005). However, there is a dearth of information on the validity of this proposition in Nigeria. Are Nigerian researchers collaborating for R&D among themselves and with others outside their institutions? What factors inhibit collaboration activities of researchers? What influence do researchers’ collaborations have on their R&D productivity? These are some of the pertinent questions addressed in this study. For the survey, 457 copies of questionnaire were randomly distributed among lecturers. 274 of these were returned and found useful (60% response rate). The field respondents were from Faculties of Agriculture (30.8%), Science (38.8%) and Engineering/Technology (30.4%). In assessing R&D productivity of researchers we adopt the partial productivity approach. Researchers’ publications were used as output and the number of years spent to produce the publications as input (in this study 5 years, (2004 – 2008)). The normal count (of output), which is the most frequently used approach, is adopted. The outcome of the study indicated a positive relationship between R&D productivity and collaboration. This is in agreement with some previous studies on the subject of research productivity and collaboration (Lee and Bozeman, 2005; Landry et al., 1996; Harman, 1999; in Rijnsoever et al., 2008, Walsh and Maloney, 2003; in Duque et. al., (2005)

xiv Siyanbola, Isola O, Hassan O, Ogundari I, Awoleye M, Adesina F, Ilori M.  2010.  R&D productivity and collaborations in selected Nigerian universities., 2010/06/10. Abstract
n/a
Idowu, P, Adagunodo ER, Idowu AO, Aderounmu G, Ogunbodede E.  2005.  Electronic referral system for hospitals in Nigeria, 2005/02/04. Ife Journal of Science. 6 Abstract

The advent of Information Technology gave birth to Telemedicine, which has led to electronic-based consultations such as electronic referral system in hospitals. In Nigeria, all the state hospitals are having problems in referring patients from one hospital to another. Most of the time before a patient could be referred from one hospital to another (specialist), the patient would have given up the ghost and led to design a system that will handle referral of patients form one hospital to another electronically in Osun State, Nigeria. This paper focuses on referral of patients from one hospital to another over a computer network among the hospitals in Osun State, Nigeria. Patients were referred from one zone to another; the patient's case file and examination data were transmitted over the network among the zones successfully. In conclusion, the HOspital Referral System (HORS) has the ability to guarantee the security of patients' case note, examination data and effective referral of patients, which in turns makes patients treatment timely, efficient and cost effective.

Oginni, F, I Ugboko V, Assam E, Ogunbodede E.  2002.  Postoperative complaints following impacted mandibular third molar surgery in Ile-Ife, Nigeria, 2002/08/01. SADJ : journal of the South African Dental Association = tydskrif van die Suid-Afrikaanse Tandheelkundige Vereniging. 57:264-8. Abstract

An investigation into the pattern of complaints lodged by patients after impacted mandibular third molar surgery was done in a Nigerian teaching hospital over a period of 3 years. One hundred and twenty seven records were retrieved. Pericoronitis (71.2%), pulpitis (17.6%) and periodontitis (11.2%) were the reasons for surgery. No third molar surgery was done for prophylactic or orthodontic reasons. Sixty-one complaints were lodged by 49 (38.6%) patients on day 1, and 37 complaints by 35 patients on day 7. These complaints were verified by the findings of the examining clinician. Pain, swelling and trismus were the commonest complaints. A significant association (P = 0.042) was found between patients' complaints on the first postoperative day and the drug combination given. Similarly, there was a significant relationship (P = 0.0055) between the type of analgesics prescribed and the presence of postoperative pain. No significant relationship was however found between the complaints and patients' age, indication for extraction, impaction type and method of impacted tooth removal. Although the findings of this retrospective study are limited in their comparability, they suggest the need for an appraisal of pain management in patients undergoing mandibular third molar surgery in our hospital. Consequently, there should be a reduction in complaint rate thereby making selective review appointment on the first postoperative day feasible.

O Folayan, M, I F, Ogunbodede E.  2001.  Aetiology of Dental Anxiety in Children: A Review of the Literature, 2001/01/01. Nigerian journal of medicine: journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria. 10:177-181. Abstract
n/a
Ogunbodede, E, I Ugboko V, Ojo MA.  1997.  Oral malignances in Ile-Ife Nigeria, 1997/02/01. East African medical journal. 74:33-6. Abstract

Fifty nine patients with histologically confirmed cases of oral malignant neoplasia were included in this study. There was a male preponderance with the male to female ratio being 2.5 to 1.0. The average waiting period before presentation was 8.9 +/- 6.5 months (range: two to 24 months). Squamous cell carcinoma was the predominant variety, 50.8%, of all malignancies recorded. The alveolar ridge and the gingivae were the commonest sites accounting for 40.7% of all cases. Majority of the patients with squamous cell carcinoma, (80.8%), presented with stage IV of this disease. The pattern of oral malignancies in the population studied appears slightly different from earlier observations in Western Europe and Asia. The necessity to strengthen research on the epidemiology of the disease in Nigeria and other African countries is highlighted.

Ogunbodede, E, I Ugboko V, Ojo MA.  1997.  Oral malignances in Ile-Ife Nigeria, 1997/02/01. East African medical journal. 74:33-6. Abstract

Fifty nine patients with histologically confirmed cases of oral malignant neoplasia were included in this study. There was a male preponderance with the male to female ratio being 2.5 to 1.0. The average waiting period before presentation was 8.9 +/- 6.5 months (range: two to 24 months). Squamous cell carcinoma was the predominant variety, 50.8%, of all malignancies recorded. The alveolar ridge and the gingivae were the commonest sites accounting for 40.7% of all cases. Majority of the patients with squamous cell carcinoma, (80.8%), presented with stage IV of this disease. The pattern of oral malignancies in the population studied appears slightly different from earlier observations in Western Europe and Asia. The necessity to strengthen research on the epidemiology of the disease in Nigeria and other African countries is highlighted.

Book Chapter
Mwita, M, Ibigbami O, Sukhai A.  2021.  Self-Immolation in Sub-Saharan Africa, 2021/02/03. :87-97. Abstract

Suicide by self-immolation is a traumatic and life-altering public health problem affecting communities in developing countries worldwide. Suicide research in Sub-Saharan Africa is limited, but epidemiologic studies, documented cases and clinical reports from South Africa, Nigeria and Zimbabwe allow us to construct a profile of enabling, predisposing and precipitating factors associated with self-immolation in this region of the continent, with distinct differences when compared to the self-immolations in Northern Africa. This chapter addresses the epidemiology of suicide and demographic factors of self-immolators in Sub-Saharan Africa, as well as predisposing factors, in order to determine suicide risk among individuals and communities and better design prevention strategies. Risk factors include access to means, social vulnerability, intimate partner violence, and the intergenerational transmission of trauma. We also discuss historical events and context, cultural and psychosocial factors that may predispose vulnerable individuals to suicide by self-immolation. Transcultural factors include xenophobia, suicide by contagion, fundamentalist religious attitudes, the criminalization of suicide and discrimination against persons with mental disorders.

Idowu, PA, JA B, OB A.  2017.  Data Mining Approach For Predicting the Likelihood of Infertility in Nigerian Women. Handbook of Research on Healthcare Administration and Management. , USA: IGI publisher
Idowu, PA.  2016.  Online Spatial HIV/AIDS Surveillance and Monitoring System for Nigeria. Improving Health Management through Clinical Decision Support Systems. , France: IGI
Idowu, PA.  2015.  Information and Communication Technology: A Tool for Health Care Delivery in Nigeria. Computing in Research and Development in Africa: Benefits, Trends, Challenges and Solutions. , Netherland: Springer International
Idowu, AP.  2013.  Geographical Information System: Solution To Nigeria’s Public Health Challenges.. Health, Violence, Environment And Human Development In Developing Countries. , New York: Nova Science Publisher, INC,
Abereijo, IO, Ilori MO.  2012.  Technological Spillovers from Multinational Companies to Small and Medium Food Companies in Nigeria. Management of Technological Innovation in Developing and Developed Countries. , Rijeka, Croatia: InTech
Case
Conference Paper
Idowu, PA, OB A, IO A, IO F.  2017.  Development of a Predictive Model for Maternal Mortality in Nigeria Using Data Mining Technique, November 25. 11th International Conference on Application of Information and Communication Technology for Training, Research and Administration .
Idowu, PA, OB A, OL US, KA G.  2016.  Beyond Crude: Implementation Of Neuro-Fuzzy Model For Efficient Weather Prediction In Agro-Based Economy (Nigeria)., October 5. the 10th International Conference on ICT Applications. , OAU Ile-Ife
Idowu, PA, OB A, OL US, I R.  2016.  Empirical Study on Information and Communication Technology Infusion among Medical Students in Nigeria, October 5. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on ICT Applications. , OAU Ile-Ife
OlutolaAgbelusi, Aladekomo TA, Idowu PA.  2015.  Prediction of Pediatric HIV/AIDS Survival in Nigeria Using Naïve Baye’s Approach, July 22-24. Information Technology for Inclusive Development. , Akure Nigeria
Folárànmí, S, Imafidor J.  2015.  {The Stained-Glass of Selected Churches in Ibadan}. Responsive Built Environment, Issues, Strategies and Policies in the Developing World.. (Odeyinka, Henry, Aluko, Bioye, Amole, Oludolapo, Ademuleya, Babasehinde, {Daramola, Oluwole (Ọbáfémi Awólọ́wọ̀ University, Ile-Ife}, Nigeria.), Eds.).:97–107., Ile-Ife: Faculty of Environmental Designs and management Obafemi Awolowo University, Abstract

Art has always been and is still being used as a veritable tool in the hands of artists in promoting the Christian religion. Sculptures, mosaics, murals and stained-glass are some of the artistic media used to augment the aesthetic appeal of church architecture and most importantly earn the Christian faithful better concentration. However, the quest for larger spaces to accommodate the growing population of Christian converts and recent development in the built environment led to the demolition/renovation of existing structures and as a result churches give little or no room for the survival of some artworks. Artworks such as murals and stained-glass which are directly executed or fitted permanently on walls are usually affected as a result of these developments. This paper identified and analyzed the existing stained-glass in selected churches in Ibadan with a view to establishing their functions and relevance in the public spaces. The study adopted art historical methodology by using direct observatory and descriptive analysis. Interviews were conducted with key informants in the study area. Findings revealed that most churches with stained-glasses in the study area are old churches belonging to the Catholic, Methodist and Anglican denominations, and that many new churches no longer incorporate stained-glass in their churches, thereby depriving the built environment of this artistic form. It recommends that some of these churches be designated as tourist sites and be preserved for the good of the built environment as it is practiced in developed nations of the world.

Awoleye, OM, Ilori MO, Oluwale BA, Olaposi TO.  2014.  Assessment of Indigenous Family Business Promotion., 13 July. Joint World Conference on Social Work, Education and Social Development. , Melbourne, Australia
Adebajo, AC, Famuyiwa FG, John JD, Idem ES, Aliyu AF, Adeoye AO.  2013.  Determination of Properties Useful for Sourcing Nigerian Phytolarvicides, 1–5th Sept, 2013. 61st Conference of the Gesellschaft für Arzneipflanzenforschung (GA),Planta Medica; 79(13): PE11. 79, Number 13, Institut für Pharmazeutische Biologie und Phytochemie, WWU, Münster, Germany: Georg Thieme Verlag {KG} Abstract

n/a