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Fatoye, FO, Komolafe MA, Eegunranti BA, Adewuya AO, Mosaku SK, Fatoye GK.  2007.  Cognitive impairment and quality of life among stroke survivors in Nigeria, 2007. Psychological Reports. 100(3 I) Abstract

The study investigated cognitive impairment and quality of life (QOL) among 109 consecutive stroke survivors and 109 normal controls. Each group comprised 64 (58.7%) men and 45 (41.3%) women. The modified Mini Mental State Examination (mMMSE) and the WHO Quality of Life Questionnaire (WHOQOL-Bréf) indicated that 19 (17.4%) stroke survivors had cognitive deficits (mMMSE score <16) compared with 5 (4.6%) control participants (Χ12=4.27, p<.05). Control participants performed significantly better on orientation, language comprehension, laterality, and the WHOQOL-Bréf. Being GHQ-30 positive predicted poor performance on the mMMSE among the stroke survivors and reduced QOL on three of the four domains of the WHOQOL-Bréf. In addition, previous psychiatric illness, paresis, low education, and shorter time elapsed after a stroke predicted reduced QOL on one or more domains of the WHOQOL-Bréf but age and sex of the stroke survivors were not associated with quality of life, and not with cognitive function. © Psychological Reports 2007.

Fatusi, O, Ogunbodede E.  2013.  Respect For Patient’s Autonomy And Traditional Incursion Into Orthodox Care, 2013/03/22. Abstract

Objective: To explore the ethical obligations of the surgeon to a patient who decided to seek cure from traditional healers in a country that recognises the two forms of care.Method: Case scenario and literature support of the ethical issues involved. Mr YK, 19-year-old secondary School student, who presented in the Maxillofacial surgery outpatient clinic with a 6 week history of jaw swelling. Despite the swelling, he was in good health. He neither smoked nor took alcohol. Examination revealed a firm to bony hard swelling in the right mandible and radiology revealed a radiolucent lesion. Incisional biopsy revealed malignant fibrous histiocytoma. The parents who would be financially responsible for the treatment were invited for a discussion but the mother was at the stage of “denial” and insisted that nobody had ever had ‘cancer’ in their family so her son could not have ‘cancer’. Their request for time to think it over was granted and the danger of delayed treatment was emphasized.
Result: The patient and parents were lost to follow-up for over two months and by the time they showed up in the clinic, the case was inoperable. We decided on the option of pre-operative chemotherapy to shrink the lesion but the patient deteriorated very fast and passed on. It was not surprising that the period of “temporary disappearance” was spent at a trado-medical hospital (herbalist). The ethical implications are discussed.
Conclusion: There is an urgent need to regulate traditional practice and encourage referral of serious cases by its practitioners.

Fatusi, O, Ogunbodede E, Sowole A, Folayan MO.  2018.  Gaps in oral health care services provision systems for children in Nigeria: a case study of a tertiary health institution. Indian Journal of Dental Research. 29(5):622-626.
Fatusi, OA, Onayemi O, Adebiyi KE, Adetiloye VA, Owotade FJ, Oninla OA.  2005.  Tuberculosis cutis orificialis (TBCO)/lupus vulgaris (LV): simultaneous occurrence and review of the literature.. Int J Infect Diseases. . 4(2):1-7.
Fatusi, AO, Jolayemi T, Oladimeji O, Folayan M, Ogundipe A.  2018.  Influencing HIV Policies and Strategies. Phyllis Kanki, Prosper Okonkwo, Oluwole Odutolu (Eds). Turning the Tide: AIDS in Nigeria. . , Washington: New Academia Publishing, 4401-A Connecticut Avenue NW #236, Washington DC 20008.Pp 499-510.
Fatusi, AO, Makinde ON, Adeyemi AB, Orji EO, Onwudiegwu U.  2008.  Evaluation of health workers' training in use of the partogram.. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. . 100(1):41-4.
Fatusi, OA, Onayemi O, Adebiyi KE, Adetiloye VA, Owotade FJ, Oninla OA.  2004.  Tuberculosis Cutis Orificialis (TBCO/Lupus Vulgaris (LV)): Simultaneous occurrence and review of the literature. The Internet Journal of Infectious Diseases. 14(2):11-5.tuberculosis_cutis_orificialis.pdf
Fatusi, AO, Adedini SA, Mobolaji JW.  2021.  Trends and correlates of girl-child marriage in 11 West African countries: evidence from recent Demographic and Health Surveys. AAS Open Research. 4: African Academy of Sciences Abstract
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Fatusi, AO, Makinde ON, Adeyemi AB, E.O.Orji, Onwudiegwu U.  2008.  Evaluation of health workers’ training in use of the partogram.. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics. 100(1):41-44.
Fawale, MB, Ibigbami O, Ismail I, Mustapha AF, Komolafe MA, Olamoyegun MA, Adedeji TA.  2016.  Risk of obstructive sleep apnea, excessive daytime sleepiness and depressive symptoms in a Nigerian elderly population, 2016. Sleep Science. 9(2) Abstract

Objectives To evaluate the risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in a primary care population of elderly Nigerians and to determine its correlates. Methods Clinical and demographic data of 414 elderly individuals in a primary care clinic were obtained. Their risk of OSA was estimated using Berlin questionnaire while Epworth sleepiness scale and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CESD-10) were also administered. Results Of the 414 subjects, 96 (23.2%) met the criteria for a high risk for OSA with a male to female ratio of 1:1. Subjects at high OSA risk (high OSA risk group) were younger than those at low OSA risk (low OSA risk group) (71.4±6.8 vs 73.6±7.7, p=0.011). Mean body mass index (BMI, kg/m2) (27.3±5.8 vs 24.7±5.1, p<0.001) and waist circumference (WC, cm) (90.7±13.1 vs 86.5±13.9, p=0.011) were higher in the high OSA risk group compared with the low OSA risk group. A total of 215 (51.9%) and 62 (15.0%) subjects had clinically significant depressive symptoms (CESD-10 score≥10) and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), respectively. On regression, the odds of EDS, depressive symptoms, increased BMI and younger age were significantly higher in the high OSA risk group compared with the low OSA risk group. Conclusions High risk for OSA and depressive symptoms are common in our sample of elderly Nigerians. Depressive symptoms, EDS, BMI and age independently predict high OSA risk in the elderly.

Fawale, M, Ibigbami O, Ismail I, Mustapha A, Komolafe M, Olamoyegun M, Adedeji T.  2016.  Risk of obstructive sleep apnea, excessive daytime sleepiness and depressive symptoms in a Nigerian elderly population, 2016/05/01. 9 Abstract

Objectives:To evaluate the risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in a primary care population of elderly Nigerians and to determine its correlates.
Methods:
Clinical and demographic data of 414 elderly individuals in a primary care clinic were obtained. Their risk of OSA was estimated using Berlin questionnaire while Epworth sleepiness scale and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CESD-10) were also administered.
Results:
Of the 414 subjects, 96 (23.2%) met the criteria for a high risk for OSA with a male to female ratio of 1:1. Subjects at high OSA risk (high OSA risk group) were younger than those at low OSA risk (low OSA risk group) (71.4±6.8 vs 73.6±7.7, p=0.011). Mean body mass index (BMI, kg/m(2)) (27.3±5.8 vs 24.7±5.1, p<0.001) and waist circumference (WC, cm) (90.7±13.1 vs 86.5±13.9, p=0.011) were higher in the high OSA risk group compared with the low OSA risk group. A total of 215 (51.9%) and 62 (15.0%) subjects had clinically significant depressive symptoms (CESD-10 score≥10) and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), respectively. On regression, the odds of EDS, depressive symptoms, increased BMI and younger age were significantly higher in the high OSA risk group compared with the low OSA risk group.
Conclusions:
High risk for OSA and depressive symptoms are common in our sample of elderly Nigerians. Depressive symptoms, EDS, BMI and age independently predict high OSA risk in the elderly.

Fawale, TS, Dada JO.  2017.  Impact of Contractors’ Bidding Strategies on Bid Success in the Nigeria Construction Industry. International Journal of Built Environment and Sustainability. 4, Number 1 Abstract
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Fawale, MB, Ismaila IA, Mustapha AF, Komolafe MA, Ibigbami O.  2017.  Correlates of sleep quality and sleep duration in a sample of urban-dwelling elderly Nigerian women, 2017. Sleep Health. 3(4) Abstract

Objectives Aging, female sex, and urbanization increase the risk of sleep impairment. Sleep in urban-dwelling elderly African women has been sparsely studied. We studied the characteristics and correlates of sleep quality and habitual sleep duration in a primary care population of urban-living Nigerian women. Methods Sleep quality and sleep duration over the previous 1 month were estimated using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Excessive daytime sleepiness, risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and depressive symptoms were also assessed. Results Of the 428 subjects included, 117 (27.3%) were poor sleepers endorsing PSQI scores >5, whereas 126 (29.4%) slept <7 hours. The poor sleepers were more likely to be obese (P =.022), to have a high risk for OSA (P =.013), and to have clinically significant depressive symptoms (P =.001) compared with the good sleepers. Habitual sleep duration of <7 hours was associated with past oral contraceptive use (P =.025) and a trend toward a higher likelihood of high risk for OSA (P =.05) and coffee consumption (P =.05). On regression, the odds of high risk for OSA were higher with poor sleep quality and sleep duration <7 hours, respectively, whereas the odds of coffee consumption were higher with sleep duration <7 hours. Conclusions Poor sleep quality and inadequate sleep are common in our population of elderly women. High risk for OSA independently predicts poor sleep quality and, along with report of coffee consumption, independently predicts habitual sleep duration of <7 hours.

Fawale, MB, Owolabi MO, Mustapha AF, Komolafe MA, Adesola O.  2015.  Time to treatment predicts seizure outcome in a high-treatment gap epilepsy population, 2015. International Journal of Epilepsy. 2(2) Abstract

Objectives: To investigate the relationship between time to antiepileptic drug (AED) treatment (TTT) and seizure outcome in a high treatment gap sub-Sahara African setting. Methods: Clinical and demographic characteristics of 72 adults with epilepsy aged 18-75 years were obtained. We estimated TTT as the difference between the duration of epilepsy and the duration of treatment. Indices of clinical outcome including seizure severity and 6-month disease remission were documented. The effects of TTT and other clinical and demographic characteristics on clinical outcomes were tested using bivariate and logistic regression analyses. Results: Forty (55.6%) of the participants initiated treatment within 5 years of seizure onset (TTT ≤ 5 years) while 32 (44.4%) initiated treatment after 5 years (TTT > 5 years). There was moderate to strong correlation between TTT and age of onset (p= .009), age at treatment initiation (p= .026), duration of epilepsy (p= .000), and seizure severity (p= .020). The TTT > 5 years group had an earlier mean age of onset (p= .015) and higher seizure severity score (p= .001) and were less likely to be in 6-month disease remission (p= .014). Time to treatment ≤5 years was the only independent predictor of lesser seizure severity (OR = 0.163, 95% CI = 0.041-0.649) and better 6-month remission (OR = 0.154, 95% CI = 0.031-0.770) after adjusting for age of onset, duration of epilepsy, and number of AEDs. Conclusion: Delayed treatment initiation is common in our sample and independently associated with poor seizure outcome.

Fawale, MB, Ismaila IA, Kullima AA, Komolafe MA, Ijarotimi OA, Olowookere SA, Oluyombo R, Adedeji TA.  2018.  Restless legs syndrome: a rarity in the Nigerian pregnant population?, 2018 Sleep Medicine. 43 Abstract

Objectives: The prevalence of RLS in pregnancy is higher when compared with the general population however it remains unknown among indigenous black Africans. Available data indicate that RLS is uncommon in sub-Saharan Africa. We embarked on this study to determine the prevalence and characteristics of RLS in an antenatal clinic sample of Nigerian pregnant women compared with a primary care sample of non-pregnant women. Methods: A total of 310 pregnant women and non-pregnant women filled out a questionnaire which incorporated the 2014 minimal criteria of the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group. Demographic and clinical data, including sleep duration and samples for blood hemoglobin concentration and urinalysis were obtained. Results: The mean ages of the pregnant and non-pregnant women were 24.9 ± 5.6 years and 23.6 + 5.4 years, respectively (p = 0.003). There was no case of RLS found among pregnant women while five (1.6%) of the non-pregnant women fulfilled the criteria for RLS. Overall, the prevalence report of RLS symptoms was associated with lower mean habitual nocturnal sleep duration (p < 0.05) coffee (p = 0.013) and kola nut (0.023) consumption, report of leg cramps (p < 0.001) and proteinuria (p = 0.047), Report of leg cramps and proteinuria were independently associated with RLS. Conclusion: The prevalence of restless legs syndrome is low among women of child-bearing age in the Nigerian population and may be lower in pregnancy. Report of leg cramps and proteinuria are independently associated with RLS.

Fawale, MB, Ismaila IA, Mustapha AF, Komolafe MA, Adedeji TA.  2016.  Restless legs syndrome in a Nigerian elderly population, 2016. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine. 12(7) Abstract

Study Objectives: The prevalence of restless legs syndrome (RLS) is highest in the elderly in Caucasian populations; the prevalence of RLS in elderly Africans is not known. This study aimed at determining the frequency and associations of RLS in a Nigerian elderly population. Methods: The study population comprised of 633 consecutive elderly individuals aged 65-105 years attending the general outpatient clinic of the State Hospital, Ilesa, for minor complaints and routine check-up. The diagnosis of RLS was made using the 2003 minimal criteria of the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group. Relevant sociodemographic and clinical data, including sleep duration, were also obtained. Results: Restless legs syndrome was found in 3.5% of the study population with a male-female ratio of 2:1. There was no significant age (p = 0.427) or gender (p = 0.178) influence on the prevalence of RLS except in the 75-to 84-year age group where there was significant male preponderance (p = 0.044). A strong independent association between RLS and sleep duration (OR, 3.229; 95% CI, 1.283-8.486; p = 0.013) and past history of head injury (OR, 4.691; 95% CI, 1.750-12.577; p = 0.002) was found. Conclusions: Our finding support previous reports of a possible lower prevalence of RLS in Africans. Restless legs syndrome independently increases the odds of habitual sleep curtailment in elderly individuals. Head injury may be a risk factor for future RLS; this requires further investigation as indirect evidence for a possible link between RLS and traumatic brain injury exists.

Fawale, M, Ismaila I, Mustapha A, Komolafe M, Ibigbami O.  2017.  Correlates of sleep quality and sleep duration in a sample of urban-dwelling elderly Nigerian women, 2017/06/01. 3 Abstract

ObjectivesAging, female sex, and urbanization increase the risk of sleep impairment. Sleep in urban-dwelling elderly African women has been sparsely studied. We studied the characteristics and correlates of sleep quality and habitual sleep duration in a primary care population of urban-living Nigerian women.
Methods
Sleep quality and sleep duration over the previous 1 month were estimated using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Excessive daytime sleepiness, risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and depressive symptoms were also assessed.
Results
Of the 428 subjects included, 117 (27.3%) were poor sleepers endorsing PSQI scores >5, whereas 126 (29.4%) slept <7 hours. The poor sleepers were more likely to be obese (P = .022), to have a high risk for OSA (P = .013), and to have clinically significant depressive symptoms (P = .001) compared with the good sleepers. Habitual sleep duration of <7 hours was associated with past oral contraceptive use (P = .025) and a trend toward a higher likelihood of high risk for OSA (P = .05) and coffee consumption (P = .05). On regression, the odds of high risk for OSA were higher with poor sleep quality and sleep duration <7 hours, respectively, whereas the odds of coffee consumption were higher with sleep duration <7 hours.
Conclusions
Poor sleep quality and inadequate sleep are common in our population of elderly women. High risk for OSA independently predicts poor sleep quality and, along with report of coffee consumption, independently predicts habitual sleep duration of <7 hours.

Fawole, OG, MacKenzie AR, Cai X.  2016.  Gas flaring and resultant air pollution: A review focusing on black carbon. Environmental Pollution. 216:182-197.
Fawole, OG.  2011.  Airborne Particulate Load Characterization at various Receptor Site-Classes in Lagos Mega-City.. (Dr. Oyediran K. Owoade, Ed.)., Ile-Ife: Obafemi Awolowo University
Fawole, OG, Owoade OK, Hopke PK, Olise FS, Ogundele LT, Adewole OO.  2016.  Source apportionment analyses for fine (PM2.5) and coarse (PM2.5e10) mode particulate matter (PM) measured in an urban area in southwestern Nigeria. Atmospheric Pollution Research. 7:1-15.
Fawole, OG, Olofinjana B, Owoade OK.  2015.  Compositional and Air-mass Trajectory Analysis of a Heavy Dust Episode (HDE) Aerosols in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. British Journal of Applied Science & Technology. 13(1):1-15.bjast_hde_paper.pdf
Fayomi, I, Oladokun TT, T. O. Adewolu.  2019.  Factors Influencing Corporate Real Estate Outsourcing in Nigeria: An Empirical Study from the Banking and Telecommunication Sectors in Lagos, Nigeria.. Proceedings of 1st International Conference of Engineering and Environmental Sciences (ICEES). :257-272., Osogbo: Osun State University,
Fayomi, OSI, Popoola API, Olorunniwo OE.  2016.  Structural and Properties of Zn-Al2O3-SiC nano-composite coating by direct electrolytic Process. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology. 87:389–398., Number 1–4: Springer Abstract
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Fayomi, AO, Abereijo IO, Simeon-Fayomi BC.  2005.  The Challenges and Opportunities of Introducing Entrepreneurship Education into the Curriculum of Obafemi Awolowo University. Ife Journal of Theory and Research in Education. 8(2):19-32.
Fayomi, I, Oladokun TT, Adedokun. AR.  2021.  Assessment of Real Estate Outsourcing Practice of Banks and Telecommunication Companies in Lagos, Nigeria. UNIOSUN Journal of Engineering and Environmental Sciences, . 3(2):2-.