Publications

Export 331 results:
Sort by: [ Author  (Asc)] Title Type Year
A B C D E [F] G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z   [Show ALL]
F
Falebita, DE.  2001.  Seismic Structural Interpretation of 2D Data over an Oil Field, Niger Delta. : Federal University of Technology, Akure
Falebita, DE, Olorunniwo MA.  2006.  Seismic Reservoir Description using Wavelet Spectra Attributes. The 8th SEGJ International Symposium - Imaging and Interpretation. :428-432., Japan: Society of Exploration Geophysicists, http://dx.doi.org/10.1190/segj082006-001.84
Faleye, FJ, Soyinka JO, Omoniyi SA, Popoola OK, Agboola AJ, Akinpelu BA, Adekeye DK.  2021.  Physicochemical properties, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Nigerian Polyfloral honeys. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 10(4):01-09. Abstract
n/a
Faluyi, JO, Durosinmi MA, Salawu L, Ogbe OP, Bolarinwa RAA, Owojuyigbe T, Oyekunle AA.  2010.  H396R, F359V and E255K mutations of the Abl kinase domain in imatinib-resistant Nigerian patients with chronic myeloid leukemia.. Afr J Haem Oncol.. 1:79-83., Number 3 Abstract

AIM We have observed therapy failure in some Nigerian patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). We therefore set out to determine the causes of imatinib resistance in these patients.METHODS From August 2003 to July 2010, we registered and commenced 266 consenting CML patients on imatinib (IM) under the Glivec International Patient Assistance Program (GIPAP). We investigated the occurrence of Abl kinase domain mutations (KDM) among a cohort of these patients, with features of imatinib resistance or intolerance. Peripheral blood samples were collected from 14 patients, after informed consent was obtained for Bcr-Abl quantitative PCR assessment and Abl KDM screening. RESULTS The chimeric Bcr-Abl gene was detectable in all patients, (range of 0.18 - 141.9%), when compared with the Abl gene. Sequencing analysis was done in 12 out of the 14 patients and Abl KDM were identified in three of the 12 patients (one quarter). One mutant (H396R) is known to retain intermediate sensitivity to imatinib, while the other two (E255K and F359V) are insensitive; all are sensitive to nilotinib. Four of these patients have since been commenced on nilotinib and are responding well to therapy, while three have died of disease progression.CONCLUSION An increasing number of Nigerian CML patients on imatinib are developing resistance or intolerance to the drug, and some are due to kinase domain mutations, while others may have other yet unexplained reasons for suboptimal response. Continuous monitoring is mandatory in the care of CML patients, to aid early detection of suboptimal therapy outcomes, necessitating further molecular studies. Additionally, more work needs to be done to fully understand the mechanisms for these therapy failures in Nigerian CML patients.

Faluyi, JO, Nwokeocha CC.  1993.  Agrobotanical studies of some populations of the Oryza sativa-Oryza glaberrima complex of peasant agriculture. Nigerian Journal of Botany. 6:1–11. Abstract
n/a
Famurewa, OC, Ibitoye BO, Ameye S, Asaleye CM, Ayoola O, Onigbinde OS.  2018.  Sphenoid Sinus Pneumatization, Septation, and the Internal Carotid Artery: A Computed Tomography Study, 2018/01/01. 59:7. Abstract

Background:The air spaces of the nasal cavity and the sphenoid sinus (SS) constitute a convenient corridor to access lesions of the skull base using the endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach (EETA). Safe EETA depends on the SS and skull base anatomy of the patient. Individual variations exist in the degree and pattern of SS pneumatization. This study aims to examine the variations in SS pneumatization, the inter-sphenoid septum (ISS), and their relationship with the internal carotid artery (ICA) among adult Nigerians.
Materials and methods:
We reviewed computerized tomography (CT) images of 320 adult patients that had imaging for various indications. This excluded those with traumatic, inflammatory, or neoplastic process that may alter anatomical landmarks. The images were evaluated for the types of SS pneumatization, number and insertion of ISS, and the protrusion of ICA into the sinus cavity.
Results:
Prevalence of SS pneumatization types: 1.9% conchal, 1.2% presellar, 56.6% sellar, and 40.2% postsellar. The lateral extension of SS occurred into the pterygoid in 138 patients (45.1%), greater wing 112 (35%), lesser wing 37 (11.6%), the full lateral type was seen in 97 (30.3%) patients. One ISS occurred in 150 (46.9%) patients, 162 (50.6%) had multiple, and 8 (2.5%) had none. ISS insertion into ICA bony covering occurred in 101 (31.6%) patients, whereas protrusion of ICA into SS cavity occurred in 110 (34.4%) patients.
Conclusion:
Variations of the SS, ISS, and ICA anatomy are present among native Africans. Detailed imaging evaluation of each patient is considered for EETA is mandatory.

Famurewa, B, Oginni F, Aregbesola S.  2019.  EFFECTS OF MMF AND RIF ON PULMONARY FUNCTION IN PATIENTS WITH MANDIBULAR FRACTURES, 2019/06/04. Abstract
n/a
Famurewa, O, Asaleye M, Ibitoye B, Ayoola O, Aderibigbe A, Badmus T.  2018.  Variations of renal vascular anatomy in a nigerian population: A computerized tomography studys, 2018/07/01. 21:840-846. Abstract

Background:A broad spectrum of renal vascular variations has been reported by anatomists and radiologists. The prevalence of these variations is extremely divergent in different populations. Therefore, radiologists and surgeons in different climes must be knowledgeable about the type and prevalence of the variants in their area of practice to avoid diagnostic pitfalls and for optimization of surgical techniques.
Objective:
The objective of this study is to describe the types and prevalence of renal vascular variations among patients undergoing contrast-enhanced computerized tomography (CECT) of the abdomen in a Nigerian population, as well as provide a concise review of literature on the embryological basis and clinical significance of the identified variations.
Materials and methods:
This study was a retrospective review of 200 CECT of the abdomen to identify variations of arterial (accessory, early branching, and precaval) and venous (multiple, retroaortic, and circumaortic) anatomy of the kidneys.
Results:
We studied 200 patients, 102 (51%) females and 98 (49%) males. Age range is 18-90 years (mean = 53.08 ± 17.01). Prevalence of any renal vascular variations was 50%, arterial variations were 37%, and venous variations were 13%. Variations were significantly more common in males, P = 0.000075. The most common arterial variant was the accessory renal artery (23%) seen in 10% (right) and 13.0% (left); early branching was seen in 4.0% (right) and 0.5% (left) as well as precaval right renal artery seen in 4.5%. Venous variants were late confluence 3.0% (right) and 2.5% (left); multiple veins was seen in 2.5% (right) and 2.5% (left) as well as retroaortic left renal vein seen in 2.0%. The inferior polar accessory artery was the most prevalent accessory artery. Early arterial bifurcation was significantly more common on the right (P = 0.016) while other vascular variants showed no statistically significant association with laterality.
Conclusion:
Variation of renal vascular anatomy is a frequent finding among Nigerians. Radiologists and surgeons must be aware of these variants for optimization of surgical techniques.

Famurewa, BA, Oginni FO, Adewara BA, Fomete B, Aniagor C, Aluko-Olokun B, Morgan RE, Amedari MKI.  2021.  Epidemiology of Blindness From Facial Trauma: A Multi-Centre Nigerian Study, dec. Craniomaxillofacial Trauma {&} Reconstruction. :194338752110609.: {SAGE} Publications AbstractWebsite
n/a
Famurewa, O, Ga S, Oc F, Oo A, Bolarinwa R.  2017.  Evaluation of Renal artery Resistive and Pulsatility index in steady state SCD Patients and Controls 1 2 2 3, 2017/01/01. Abstract

Renal disease contributes significantly to the high morbidity and mortality rate related to the sickle cell disease (SCD). B-mode ultrasound which is currently used in the evaluation of sickle cell nephropathy is non-specific and may not detect parenchymal changes until the late stage of the disease. Renal Doppler ultrasound has been found to be an effective method of evaluating renovascular events prior to abnormal urine laboratory and parenchymal c h a n g e s d e t e c t a b l e b y B-m o d e ultrasonography. This study evaluated Renal Doppler indices, Resistive index (RI) and Pulsatility index (PI), in steady state SCD patients who have normal urine laboratory parameters. It also compared the renal Doppler indices in these patients with control subjects without SCD. Forty homozygous (HBSS) patients were age and sex matched with 40 controls with HBAA phenotype of ages between 7 to 30 years. Demographic and clinical details were obtained. Packed cell volume, Urea and Creatinine levels, Fasting Blood Sugar, and Urine Micro-albuminuria were evaluated in order to exclude those with abnormal values. Renal Doppler ultrasound was performed in all patients and controls. In all, there were 38 (47.5%) males and 42 (52.5%) females. Renal arterial Doppler Ultrasound of all the intra-renal vessels showed higher values of RI and PI in the SCD (HBSS) patients than the control (HbAA) individuals. There was no correlation between age and frequency of crises with the renal Doppler indices. The study showed a sensitivity of about 85% and specificity of 100% for detection of changes in renal RI changes in SCD. Renal Doppler ultrasonography can detect early Reno-vascular changes in SCD patients in the absence of clinical or biochemical abnormalities suggestive of Renal Disease.

Famurewa, B, Oginni F, Aregbesola SB, Erhabor G.  2020.  Effects of maxillomandibular fixation and rigid internal fixation on pulmonary function in patients with mandibular fractures, 2020/02/01. 49 Abstract

Closed reduction and maxillomandibular fixation (MMF) is associated with airway obstruction. The ventilatory effect of open reduction and rigid internal fixation (ORIF) as an alternative treatment has not been determined. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of MMF and ORIF on pulmonary function (PF) in patients with mandibular fractures. Using a computer-generated simple randomization protocol, 40 eligible participants were allocated to MMF and ORIF treatment groups. PF tests were done preoperatively and at 24hours, 1, 6, and 7 weeks postoperative in all participants in both groups, using a portable office spirometer (Spirobank G). Forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), FEV1/FVC, and peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) were determined. At 6 weeks postoperative, PF tests were performed after the release of MMF. PF tests in the MMF and ORIF groups were similar preoperatively. At 24hours postoperative, FEV1/FVC was significantly lower in the MMF group than in the ORIF group (p<0.001). Values of FEV1 (p=0.022), FEV1/FVC (p=0.001) and PEFR (p<0.001) were significantly lower in the MMF group than in the ORIF group at 1 week postoperative. While MMF negatively impacted on PF, ORIF had no adverse effect on PF.

Famurewa, O, Asaleye M, Ibitoye B, Ayoola O, Aderibigbe A, Badmus T.  2018.  Variations of renal vascular anatomy in a nigerian population: A computerized tomography studys, 2018/07/01. 21:840-846. Abstract

Background:A broad spectrum of renal vascular variations has been reported by anatomists and radiologists. The prevalence of these variations is extremely divergent in different populations. Therefore, radiologists and surgeons in different climes must be knowledgeable about the type and prevalence of the variants in their area of practice to avoid diagnostic pitfalls and for optimization of surgical techniques.
Objective:
The objective of this study is to describe the types and prevalence of renal vascular variations among patients undergoing contrast-enhanced computerized tomography (CECT) of the abdomen in a Nigerian population, as well as provide a concise review of literature on the embryological basis and clinical significance of the identified variations.
Materials and methods:
This study was a retrospective review of 200 CECT of the abdomen to identify variations of arterial (accessory, early branching, and precaval) and venous (multiple, retroaortic, and circumaortic) anatomy of the kidneys.
Results:
We studied 200 patients, 102 (51%) females and 98 (49%) males. Age range is 18-90 years (mean = 53.08 ± 17.01). Prevalence of any renal vascular variations was 50%, arterial variations were 37%, and venous variations were 13%. Variations were significantly more common in males, P = 0.000075. The most common arterial variant was the accessory renal artery (23%) seen in 10% (right) and 13.0% (left); early branching was seen in 4.0% (right) and 0.5% (left) as well as precaval right renal artery seen in 4.5%. Venous variants were late confluence 3.0% (right) and 2.5% (left); multiple veins was seen in 2.5% (right) and 2.5% (left) as well as retroaortic left renal vein seen in 2.0%. The inferior polar accessory artery was the most prevalent accessory artery. Early arterial bifurcation was significantly more common on the right (P = 0.016) while other vascular variants showed no statistically significant association with laterality.
Conclusion:
Variation of renal vascular anatomy is a frequent finding among Nigerians. Radiologists and surgeons must be aware of these variants for optimization of surgical techniques.

Famurewa, B, Oginni F, Aregbesola S, Erhabor G.  2020.  Pulmonary functions of patients with isolated mandibular fractures: A preliminary report, 2020/02/01. 46:36. Abstract

Objectives:The aim of this study was to evaluate pulmonary function in patients with mandibular fractures and to determine the pattern of pulmonary functions in these patients.
Materials and methods:
This was a cross-sectional study of pulmonary functions in Nigerian non-smoking patients with isolated mandibular fractures managed at our health institution from December 2015 to June 2017. Forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR), and ratio of FEV1 to FVC (FEV1/FVC) were measured for all participants using a portable spirometer just before treatment. The pulmonary indices were compared with the predicted reference values for Nigerians to determine the respiratory pattern.
Results:
Forty participants consisting of six females (15.0%) and thirty-four males (85.0%) with a female to male ratio of 1:5.7 were included in this study. The mean patient age was 34.5±13.1 years (range, 17-63 years). The mean FVC, FEV1, FEV1/FVC, and PEFR were 3.8±1.2 L, 3.0±1.0 L, 74.3%±13.8%, and 5.2±2.2 L/s, respectively. Comparison of data with predicted values revealed that 17 subjects (42.5%) had normal pulmonary function pattern while 23 subjects (57.5%) had features suggestive of obstructive and restrictive pulmonary function patterns.
Conclusion:
Isolated mandibular fractures presented with abnormal pulmonary function pattern.

Famuwagun, AA, Taiwo K, Gbadamosi SO, Oyedele D.  2016.  Optimization of production of bread enriched with leafy vegetable powder. : Omics International Abstract
n/a
Famuyiwa, FG, Adebajo AC.  2012.  Larvicidal properties of Eugenia uniflora leaves. Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America . Vol. 3(10):400-405.
Famuyiwa, FG, Adebajo AC.  2013.  Larvicidal Activities of the Leaves of Eugenia uniflora L. (Myrtaceae), 1–5th Sept, 2013. 61st Conference of the Gesellschaft für Arzneipflanzenforschung (GA), Planta Medica; 79(13): PE12. 79, Number 13, Institut für Pharmazeutische Biologie und Phytochemie, WWU, Münster, Germany: Georg Thieme Verlag {KG} Abstract

n/a

Famuyiwa, FG, Adebajo AC, Aladesanmi JA.  2011.  Larvicidal activity of Eugenia uniflora in Aedes aegyptii, 4-9th September. 59th International Congress and Annual Meeting of the Society for Medicinal Plant and Natural Product Research, Planta Medica; 77(12): PM183. 77, Number 12, Antalya, Turkey: Georg Thieme Verlag {KG} Abstract

n/a

Fanimi, OO, Asaleye M, Salako AA, Ayoola O, Adedeji T, Idowu B.  2019.  Transrectal Doppler Sonography of Benign Prostatic Enlargement in Nigerian Men, 2019/05/13. 27 Abstract

Background:Transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS) is the best route for examining the prostate gland because of transducer proximity, elaboration of zonal anatomical details, and Doppler assessment of prostatic arteries' hemodynamics.
Materials and methods:
This was a cross-sectional study of 300 men with benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) and 300 healthy age-matched controls. The resistive index (RI) of the left capsular, right capsular and urethral arteries were assessed by TRUS and correlated with these parameters: maximum urine flow rate (Qmax), total prostatic volume (TPV), transitional zone volume (TZV), transitional zone index (TZI), presumed circle area ratio, and the International Prostatic Symptoms Score (IPSS).
Results:
The RI of capsular and urethral arteries correlated significantly with Qmax, TPV, TZV, TZI, and IPSS. Of the three different RIs evaluated, the RI of UA showed the strongest correlation with Qmax (r =- 0.51; P < 0.0001). The RIs were significantly higher in obstructive BOO than the non-obstructive group (Qmax of <15 ml/sec and ≥15 ml/sec, respectively). The mean RI values were 0.73 ± 0.05 vs. 0.63 ± 0.04 for the RCA; 0.73 ± 0.05 vs. 0.62 ± 0.04 for the LCA; and 0.73 ± 0.06 vs. 0.62 ± 0.05 for the UA in the BPE and controls, respectively (P < 0.001). The TPV values were 52.36 ± 28.67 and 18.28 ± 4.26 in BPE and controls, respectively (P < 0.001).
Conclusion:
Prostatic artery RIs are elevated in BPE. Increase in RI correlated with increase in TPV, TZV and TZI, urinary symptoms' severity, poor QOL, and the severity of BOO.

Fanimi, OO, Asaleye M, Salako A, Ayoola O, Adedeji T.  2020.  JMedUltrasound000-2672874 072528, 04. Journal of Medical Ultrasound. Abstract
n/a
Fanimi, OO, Asaleye M, Salako A, Ayoola O, Adedeji T.  2020.  JMedUltrasound000-2672874 072528, 2020/04/14. Abstract
n/a
Faniran, A, Oluwagbenga OOI.  2016.  Creation and Environmental Care for Global Security and Peace: The Theocentric Option. American Journal Academic Research. 1(1):A12-A24. Abstractcreation-and-environmental-care-for-global-security-and-peace-the-theocentric-option.pdfWebsite

The main thrust of this paper is to assess the impacts of the human being on the environment as a result of their perception of the environment mainly as a resource that must be exploited. Particular attention was paid to different strategies adopted by scholars in terms of managing nature both in the past and present with a view to ascertaining the extent of degradation and the tendency of wanton anthropogenic modification of the environment. The study was based on archival research methods and expository review of relevant studies. Suggestions on how environmental sustainability could be attained in the near future were proposed. Finally, as an alternative to ecocentrism and anthropocentrism, a theocentric perspective was suggested since materialism was regarded as one of the most serious dysfunctional values for the ecosystem. Therefore Christians needed to re-orientate their relationship with the material properties.

FANIRAN, G.  2013.  INTRA-URBAN PATTERN OF CITIZENS' PARTICIPATION IN MONTHLY ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION PROGRAM: THE IBADAN, NIGERIA EXPERIENCE, 03. Journal of Applied Sciences in Environmental Sanitation. 8:1-10. Abstract
n/a