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Ezechi, OC, Oladele DA, Dureke F, Anenih J, Ogungbemi K, Folayan M.  2014.  Private sector engagement in the Nigeria national HIV response: findings from a national representative sample of stakeholders. Nigerian Journal of Health Sciences . 14:27-32.
Ezeugwu, VE, Olaogun MOB, Mbada CE, Adedoyin RA.  2013.  Comparative Lung Function Performance of Stroke Survivors and Age-matched and Sex-matched Controls. Physiother. Res. Int. .
Ezeugwu, VE, Olaogun M, Mbada CE, Adedoyin R.  2012.  Comparative Lung Function Performance of Stroke Survivors and Age-matched and Sex-matched Controls. Physiother. Res. Int.. :1-8.
Ezeugwu, VE, Olaogun M, Mbada CE, Adedoyin RA.  2013.  Comparative Lung Function Performance of Stroke Survivors and Age-matched and Sex-matched Controls. Physiother. Res. Int. .
Eziyi, AK, Eziyi J, Salako A, Aderounmu A.  2010.  Early experience with endourology at Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, 2010/03/01. 13:24-27. Abstract

Background: Endourological practice has revolutionized the diagnosis and the management of patients with various urologic abnormalities. But the level of practice in developing countries is unusually low, basically due to lack of necessary equipment and experienced trained manpower. Objectives: To present our initial experience with endourological procedures in a tertiary hospital in Nigeria with emphasis on the indications, complications and challenges encountered. Setting: The endourological section of our urology unit is new with some facilities for lower urinary tract endoscopes. A lot of the patients with various urological disorders who had endourological procedures were used in this study. Materials and Methods: Aprospective analysis of records of all patients who had diagnostic and therapeutic endourological procedures in our practice from September 2004 to December 2006 was carried out. Indications for the procedure, type of anesthesia, type of irrigation fluid used and complications and challenges encountered during the procedure were noted. Results: 201 medical notes were available for review. Atotal of204 procedures were carried out, representing twenty five percent of the total urological procedures done by the unit during the study period. The commonest indication for an endourological procedure was bladder outlet obstruction with benign prostate hyperplasia responsible in 108.0 (53.7%) of cases followed by cancer of the prostate in 36.0 (17.9%) and urethral stricture in 18 (9%) of cases. The commonest form of endourologoical procedure performed was urethrocystoscopy which constituted 89.6% while the second most common procedure was urethroscopy alone (9.0%) mainly for patients with urethral stricture. There were three complications, acute urinary retention, epididymo-orchitis, and heamaturia, following the procedure. Conclusion: Endourological procedures have refined and improved the management outcome of diverse urological procedures with minimal complications.

Eziyi, J, Akinwumi IO, Olabanji I, Ashaolu OO, Amusa Y.  2015.  Noise Pollution: Knowledge, Attitudes and practice of sawmill workers in Osun State, Nigeria, 2015/01/01. 15:36. Abstract

Background: Literature on awareness of the harmful effect of noise on the health, hearing, and the quality of life of Nigerians engaged in noisy occupation is scarce. Objective: The objective was to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practice of sawmill workers and owners to noise pollution; and the need for prevention with the use of hearing protection devices. Subjects and Methods: This was a purposive sampling of sawmills in 6 local government areas in Osun state. The respondents were studied using interviewer-administered questionnaires. The workplace noise levels were assessed. Results: A total of 412 male respondents, consisting of 400 sawmill workers and 12 sawmill owners were studied. The mean age of the respondents was 32 years. Average time of exposure to noise was 10 h/day. The average level of noise at the sawmills was 108 ± 9 dB. 140 (35.0%) sawmill workers could not identify the sources of noise correctly. 140 (85.0%) would endure noise exposure, and 376 (94.0%) did not know that hearing loss could be due to noise exposure. 176 (44.0%) of the workers believed that noise had no impact on health, while 373 (93.3%) did not believe that noise was associated with a change in productivity. None of the sawmill owners was familiar with policy on noise control and none of them provided earmuffs or plugs for their workers. Conclusion: Sawmill workers and their employers in the present study were not aware of the harmful effects of noise on their health. Hearing protection devices were therefore not available or worn by most sawmill workers. The sawmill workers were thus at risk of developing noise-induced hearing loss.

Eziyi, J, Elusiya J, Olateju O, Amusa Y, Akinpelu V, Eziyi A.  2021.  Tongue Entrapment in an Aluminium Milk Can: An Unusual Cause of Tongue Injury, 2021/09/07. Abstract

Peri-oral injuries are common findings in paediatric patients; however, tongue injury following entrapment in bottles and cans is rare and has not been reported in our locality. A case of a 9- year old previously healthy female child who got her tongue tightly entrapped in an half opened aluminium milk can while in school is hereby presented. This case highlights the result of careless and often dangerous play and misadventures of children and the challenge of management. It calls for vigilance and close supervision of children by caregivers at home and at school. Early presentation, immediate intervention and treatment can prevent grave consequences.

Eziyi, A, Olajide A, Etonyeaku A, Olufemi O, Eziyi J, Adeyanju T, Adeyemo L.  2013.  One-Stage Urethroplasty for Urethral Strictures at the Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, South Western Nigeria, 2013/08/14. 37 Abstract

Urethral stricture, a common urologic condition, is probably the most common cause of urinary retention in tropical Africa and a frequent cause of lower urinary tract symptoms worldwide. This study aimed at presenting our experience with one-stage urethroplasty at the Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital Osogbo, Nigeria.All male patients who underwent one-stage urethroplasty between December 2005 and December 2011 were studied retrospectively. Details of their presentation and management were reviewed.
A total of 50 patients aged 2-75 years (mean ± SD 44.2 ± 21.53 years) with a urethral stricture underwent one-stage urethroplasty. The modal age group was 61-75 years (26 %). In all, 27 (54 %) patients were >40 years. Strictures following previous urethritis were more common (29, 58 %) than those seen after trauma (21, 42 %). Strictures following trauma were more common in men ≤40 years (52.2 %), and 69 % of strictures in men >40 years were infective in origin. Altogether, 88 % of strictures were exclusively found in the anterior urethra. In all, 32 (64 %) patients had bacteriuria at presentation. Strictures ≥2 cm with extensive fibrosis were noted in 21 (42 %). Excision of scar tissue was done, followed by end-to-end anastomosis in 32 (64 %), penile pedicle flap in 16 (32 %), and buccal mucosal graft in 2 (4 %) of the patients. Wound infection was the most common complication. Overall, 76 % of patients achieved a urine flow rate of 15 ml/s and postvoid residual urine of ≤50 ml.
One-stage urethroplasty offered satisfactory results in the study group. It is recommended for urethral reconstruction in men with urethral stricture.

Eziyi, AK, Ademuyiwa A, Eziyi J, Salako A.  2009.  Digital Rectal Examination for Prostate and Rectal Tumour: Knowledge and Experience of Final Year Medical Students, 2009/09/01. 28:318-22. Abstract

It is most pertinent that medical students are taught the necessary skills for digital rectal examination (DRE) before they become doctors.The study is to assess the knowledge and experience of final year medical students regarding DRE for prostate and rectal tumours.
Well-structured questionnaire were administered to each of the final year medical students of Ladoke Akintola University of Technology a week to their final examinations.
Response was received from 127 (60%) of the students, 124 (97.6%) agreed that they have been taught DRE. Most of the students, 102 (80.3%), have done one to five DRE, three (2.4%) and have never performed DRE while none of the students have done more than ten DRE. Only in 49 (38.6%) of cases were the findings of the students on DRE always confirmed by a doctor. Nine students (7.1%) have never felt a clinical BPH and none had felt it more than five times. Sixty-six (52.0%) have never felt a malignant prostate and none of the students have felt it up to three times. Most of the students, 106 (83.5%), have never felt a rectal tumour on DRE Only five (3.9%) felt very confident of their ability to give an opinion based on their findings on DRE while 105 (82.7%) felt reasonably confident
The students have been taught DRE and a good number of them have performed it. Few of the DRE done by the students were cross-checked by a doctor. Most of the students have problems differentiating BPH from cancer of the prostate and many of them were not very confident of their findings on DRE.

Eziyi, J, Amusa Y, Fatusi O, Bright O.  2014.  International Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences, 2014/09/05. 5:162-168. Abstract
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Eziyi, J, Amusa YB, Nwawolo C, Ezeanolue B.  2011.  Wax Impaction in Nigerian School Children., 2011/01/01. 16 Abstract
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Eziyi, J, Amusa Y, Pelumi O-P, Dubem U, Mike I, Babtunde O.  2018.  Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma: Profile, Challenges and 5-Year Outcome in a Nigerian Tertiary Hospital, 2018/02/15. 4:25-40. Abstract
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Eziyi, J.A.E., Oninla, O. A., Salawu TO.  2018.  Ear infections in primary school children of South-Western Nigeria. International Journal of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery. 4(3):608-612.ear_infections_in_primary_school_children.pdf
Eziyi, J, Amusa Y, Akinpelu V.  2010.  Prevalence of Otolaryngological diseases in Nigerians., 2010/01/01. Abstract

Background : To study the prevalence of Otolaryngological (ORL) diseases in a tertiary hospital. Methods: Five hundred patients that were first attendee at the ORL clinic of the Obafemi Awolowo University teaching hospital Ile-Ife were randomly selected from the clinic lists. The age, sex, presenting complaints, and the diagnosis were noted. Analysis of the data were done using SPSS version 10.0 Results: The age ranges of ENT clinic attendee were 10 days - 95years with a mean age of 30.5 ± 22.7years. There were 315 males and l85 females with a male to female ratio of 1.7:1. Diseases of the ear was the most common 51.8% (n=259), nasal and paranasal sinuses diseases accounted for 26% (n=130), pharyngeal diseases was found in 10.6% (n=53), laryngeal disease accounted for 3% (n=15). Oral cavity lesions were seen in 1.4%. (n=7) and Head and Neck tumors were found in 7.2% (n=36) these were made up of malignant (n=30) and benign (n=6) tumors. Conclusion: Ear diseases were the most in this work and oral cavity lesions being the least common. The peak age incidence was in the 0-9years. There is a need for manpower development in otological and paediatric otolaryngological surgery.

Eziyi, AK, Ademuyiwa A, Eziyi J, Salako A, Aderounmu A, Oyedeji ASA.  2009.  Knowledge and Experience of Medical Students with Male Urethral Catheterization, 2009/01/01. 14 Abstract

Background : Urethral catheterization is a commonly performed procedure. Therefore medical students should receive adequate training in this technique to avoid devastating consequences of performing it poorly. This study was aimed at finding out the knowledge and experience of final year medical students with the technique of male urethral catheterization. Methods : Well-structured questionnaire was administered to each of the final year medical students of Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH) one week to their final examinations. Results :All the 215 students received the questionnaire one week before their final examinations with 128 (60%) completing it. The male to female ratio was 1:1 with a mean age of 28 years. One hundred and twenty-five (98.4%) of the students had been throught male urethral catheterization. Thirty-five (27.6%) of the students have never performed male urethral catheterization. One hundred and fifteen students (90.6%) agreed that urethral catheterization is a sterile procedure. Sixty-nine (54.3%) students said xylocaine jelly should be used as lubricant.. Ninety four (74%) students said that they will inflate the balloon of the catheter when the Y-junction gets to the tip of the penis. Forty-nine (38.6%) students said they are very confident about male urethral catheterization, 61 (48.0%) said reasonably confident while 5 (3.9%) are not confident at all. Conclusion : Urethral catheterization is a common procedure. Students should receive adequate instruction in this technique to avoid devastating consequences of performing it poorly.

Eziyi, AK, Olaofe OO, Oseni GO, Olajide AO, Ojomo AHAM.  Submitted.  Scholars Journal of Medical Case Reports ISSN 2347-6559 (Online). Abstract
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Eziyi, J, Amusa Y, Nwawolo C.  2014.  The Prevalence of Nasal Diseases in Nigerian School Children, 2014/04/01. 5:71-77. Abstract
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Eziyi, J, Togun R, Amusa Y, Akinola N.  2014.  Serum IgE levels in Nigerians with and without Allergic Rhinosinusitis., 2014/08/01. 2:159-171. Abstract
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Eziyi, J, Oninla O, Salawu T.  2018.  Ear infections in primary school children of south western Nigeria, 2018/04/26. 4:608. Abstract

p class="abstract"> Background: Prevalence of ear infections in primary school children in Nigeria is scarcely documented and available studies are mostly hospital based. The aim of this Community based study is to define the point prevalence of ear infections among school children.Methods: Using a multi- staged stratified sampling technique, 630 pupils aged 6-12years, attending Government owed primary schools in two local government areas in the South Western Nigeria were recruited for the application of a structured questionnaire, single examination and classification using their socioeconomic index.
Results: Three hundred and seven (48.7%) were females and three hundred and twenty three (51.3%) were males. Chronic otitis media had the highest prevalence of 7.9%, followed by acute otitis media and otitis externa (3.2%) while otomycosis (1.6%) had the lowest. Majority of the infections were unilateral and more prevalent in the males. It was observed that all the ear infections were more prevalent in pupils from the low socioeconomic class although not statistically significant.
Conclusions: These results shows that ear infections is still common in our primary schools and that socioeconomic status and sex of the pupils did not significantly affect the occurrence of these ear infections. There is a need to incorporate health education programme in schools to prevent ear infections and the attendant disabilities.

Eziyi, J, Musa I, Dubem U, Mike I, Salawu T, Babtunde O.  2018.  Facial Nerve Palsy and Management: Our Experience, 2018/03/30. 6 Abstract

The Facial nerve is the most common cranial nerve to be paralysed due to the fact that it has a long intracranial route, related to the ear and parotid gland and thus susceptible to injuries and infections. This study aims to describe the epidemiology and management of facial nerve palsy. A retrospective cohort review of patients that presented to ORL-HNS Department of Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex (OAUTHC), Nigeria from November 2008 to March 2015 was done. The age, sex, clinical presentations, duration of symptoms prior to presentation, aetiology/diagnosis, treatment and outcome were obtained. Twenty-six patients with age ranging from 1.7 to 83 years and a male: female ratio of 1.6:1 was analysed. Facial nerve palsy occurred more on the left (61.5%) and all unilateral. Otogenic aetiology accounted for 34.62% (9 Cases) followed by idiopathic (26.92%), 5 (19.23%) were due to Malignant parotid tumour, 3 (11.55%) due to temporal bone fracture, and a case (3.84%) due to iatrogenic trauma. The duration of facial nerve palsy before presentation ranged from 1 day to 1 year with a mean of 6.1months. All the patients had eye care, other modalities of treatment included one or a combination of antibiotics, steroids, physiotherapy, acyclovir and surgery. None had facial nerve decompression, repair or grafting done. Outcome was good in 4 cases (15.4%), satisfactory in 10 cases (38.5%) and unsatisfactory in 3 cases (11.5%), 9 cases (34.6%) were loss to follow up. Facial nerve from otogenic causes ranked highest in our environment. Late presentation and defaulting during treatment is still a challenge in our environment and affect the outcome of facial nerve palsy.Keywords: facial nerve palsy, ear infection, iatrogenic, trauma, Parotid tumours.

Eziyi, J, Akinpelu V, Amusa Y, Eziyi A.  2009.  Epistaxis in Nigerians: A 3-year Experience, 2009/01/01. 14 Abstract

Background : Epistaxis is a common symptom encountered in otolaryngological practice.This study was aimed at analyzing the aetiology, treatment and management outcome of the patients who presented with epistaxis at Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital, Ile – Ife, Nigeria. Methods :This is a prospective study of all consecutive patients that presented with epistaxis to our emergency rooms and ENT clinics from January 2003 to December 2005. Evaluation of patient included a detailed history taking and clinical examination. Control of epistaxis was obtained by treatment ranging from cauterization, anterior nasal packing to arterial ligation. Analysis was done using SPSS11. Results : A total of 106 patients who had on-going epistaxis were enrolled for the study. Eighty- two (77.4%) were male and 24 patients (22.6%) were female. Peak age incidence was in the age group 21- 40 (53.8%). Epistaxis was less common in the extremes of life. The most common aetiology was trauma (70.8%) Others included nasopharyngeal carcinoma, sinonasal carcinoma, sinusitis and allergic rhinitis. Majority of the patients (79.1%) were managed by nasal packing. All patients with atraumatic epistaxis (29.2%) had previous history of nasal bleeds. Blood transfusion was needed for 20 (18.9%) patients. The complication and mortality rates as a result of epistaxis were 1.9% (2 patients) and 0.9% (1 patient) respectively. Mean hospital stay was 5days + 2.68. Conclusion : Most epistaxis patient can be managed by a non-interventional method. Surgical Interventional treatment should only be used following failure of adequate non-interventional treatment. Complication rate was low.