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C, OO, O AW, I. A, B IN, A SA, I AM.  2016.  RESPONSE OF PLANKTON ASSEMBLAGE TO NUTRIENT AND ENVIRONMENT AL P ARAMETERS IN A TROPICAL COAST AL WATER. Ife Journal of Science. 18(3):801-811.ojelade_et_al_20.pdf
C Mathabathe, N, Rudolph M, Ogunbodede E, Smuts B.  2004.  From didactic teaching to participatory learning. An innovative approach, 2004/04/01. SADJ : journal of the South African Dental Association = tydskrif van die Suid-Afrikaanse Tandheelkundige Vereniging. 59:60-3. Abstract

A course in Public Oral Health is currently offered by the Division of Public Oral Health (POH) to students in their final (6th year) of study for the degree of Bachelor of Dental Science. A fundamental aspect of this project was to shift the teaching methods from didactic to a participatory, student-centred approach, based on current local and international trends in medical, dental and general education. In 1999 the course covering core Public Health topics was presented over a period of 20 weeks to 49 students who were divided into three groups. Staff members were trained in participatory, student-centred teaching methods. An evaluation of students and staff was conducted at the end of the course. Results show that students were satisfied with the teaching methods employed and commended the Division on the organisation of the course. Students were unhappy with the amount of reading required in preparation for weekly seminars. They felt that the course was inappropriately positioned in their final year of study, due to pressure of achieving quotas for the clinical courses. Nevertheless, the main objectives of the Public Oral Health course were achieved through the adoption of a participatory, student-centred teaching approach.

C Mathabathe, N, Rudolph M, Ogunbodede E.  2000.  Managed health care and dentists in the Gauteng province, 2000/04/01. SADJ : journal of the South African Dental Association = tydskrif van die Suid-Afrikaanse Tandheelkundige Vereniging. 55:132-5. Abstract

Managed health care (MHC) has emerged in South Africa as an alternative system to control the cost of health care. Fears, negative perceptions and much uncertainty have surrounded this issue since its introduction in South Africa. The purpose of this study was to assess the understanding, perceptions and opinions of dentists residing in the Gauteng province about the emergence, benefits, impact, and future of MHC in South Africa. Eighty-six dentists (21.5%) out of the sample population of 400 responded to the questionnaire. The majority (66.7%) of the respondents perceived MHC to be a threat to their practices, with most feeling that MHC will interfere with the doctor-patient relationship. Forty-two per cent of the respondents were of the opinion that MHC will not succeed in South Africa. The results suggest that this sample of dentists do not consider MHC to be an alternative to the existing fee-for-service system. The introduction of MHC in South Africa is mostly based on models used in the USA, which might not be appropriate in the unique South African environment.

C.T, S, T.R. F, P.I. A.  2017.  PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ANALGESIC EVALUATION OF METHANOL LEAF EXTRACT OF Clerodendrum volubile Linn.. Ife Journal of Science. 19(1):141-145.senjobi_et_al_14.pdf
Caleb, M.  2013.  CV. View My CV
Caputo, M, DiSanto G, Parisse P, Petaccia L, Floreano L, Verdini A, Panighel M, Struzzi C, Taleatu B, Lal C, Goldoni A.  2012.  Experimental Study of Pristine and Alkali Metal Doped Picene Layers: Confirmation of the Insulating Phase in Multilayer Doped Compounds. Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 116:19902-19908.
Caputo, M, DiSanto G, Parisse P, Petaccia L, Floreano L, Verdini A, Panighel M, Struzzi C, Taleatu B, Lal C, Goldoni A.  2012.  Experimental Study of Pristine and Alkali Metal Doped Picene Layers: Confirmation of the Insulating Phase in Multilayer Doped Compounds. Physical Chemistry C. 116:19902-19908.caputo_et_al._2012-_jpc.pdf
Chary, S, Aderogba M, Moyo M, Mcgaw L, Mulaudzi R, Staden J.  2017.  Antimicrobial, antioxidant and cytotoxicity of isolated compounds from leaves of Pappea capensis, 01. South African Journal of Botany. 108:272-277. Abstract
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Chary, S, Aderogba M, Staden J.  2015.  In vitro antimicrobial activity of extracts and an isolated compound from Boscia albitrunca leaves, 01. South African Journal of Botany. 96 Abstract
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Chelban, V, Wilson MP, Warman Chardon J, Vandrovcova J, Zanetti MN, Zamba-Papanicolaou E, Efthymiou S, Pope S, Conte MR, Abis G et al..  2019.  PDXK mutations cause polyneuropathy responsive to pyridoxal 5'-phosphate supplementation, 2019. Annals of Neurology. 86(2) Abstract

Objective: To identify disease-causing variants in autosomal recessive axonal polyneuropathy with optic atrophy and provide targeted replacement therapy. Methods: We performed genome-wide sequencing, homozygosity mapping, and segregation analysis for novel disease-causing gene discovery. We used circular dichroism to show secondary structure changes and isothermal titration calorimetry to investigate the impact of variants on adenosine triphosphate (ATP) binding. Pathogenicity was further supported by enzymatic assays and mass spectroscopy on recombinant protein, patient-derived fibroblasts, plasma, and erythrocytes. Response to supplementation was measured with clinical validated rating scales, electrophysiology, and biochemical quantification. Results: We identified biallelic mutations in PDXK in 5 individuals from 2 unrelated families with primary axonal polyneuropathy and optic atrophy. The natural history of this disorder suggests that untreated, affected individuals become wheelchair-bound and blind. We identified conformational rearrangement in the mutant enzyme around the ATP-binding pocket. Low PDXK ATP binding resulted in decreased erythrocyte PDXK activity and low pyridoxal 5′-phosphate (PLP) concentrations. We rescued the clinical and biochemical profile with PLP supplementation in 1 family, improvement in power, pain, and fatigue contributing to patients regaining their ability to walk independently during the first year of PLP normalization. Interpretation: We show that mutations in PDXK cause autosomal recessive axonal peripheral polyneuropathy leading to disease via reduced PDXK enzymatic activity and low PLP. We show that the biochemical profile can be rescued with PLP supplementation associated with clinical improvement. As B6 is a cofactor in diverse essential biological pathways, our findings may have direct implications for neuropathies of unknown etiology characterized by reduced PLP levels. ANN NEUROL 2019;86:225–240.

Chen, KJ, Duangthip D, Gao S, Huang F, Anthonappa R, Oliveira B, Turton B, Durward C, El Tantawi M, Attia D, Heima M, Muthu S, Maharani D, Folayan M, Phantumvanit P, Sitthisettapong T, Innes N, Crystal Y, Ramos-Gomez F, Chu C-H.  2021.  Oral Health Policies to Tackle the Burden of Early Childhood Caries: A Review of 14 Countries/Regions, 2021/06/01. 2:670154. Abstract
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Christianah, E, Mohammad F, Soyoye D, Kolawole B, Ikem R, Adebayo J.  2016.  Prevalence of dyslipidaemia in type 2 DM patients attending Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Complex Ile Ife South West Nigeria, 2016/10/14. Abstract

Many studies and treatment guidelines have emphasized that the treatment of DM extends beyond glycaemic control, but include lowering lipids, and blood pressure in people living with DM. According to The Task Force on Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD), dyslipidaemia is strongly related to increased CVD risk. This study determined the prevalence of dyslipidaemia in Type 2 DM patients attending the OAUTHC, Ile Ife South West Nigeria from January to November 2014.Method: This cross-sectional descriptive study involved Three hundred (300) consecutive Type 2 diabetic presenting at OAUTHC, Ile-Ife. Relevant clinical information and physical examination was carried out. Venous blood was collected to determine total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein, high density lipoprotein and triglycerides. Lipid goals was based on total cholesterol <200 mg/dl, triglycerides <150 mg/dl, LDL <100 mg/dl and HDL <40 mg/dl in male and <50 mg/dl in female.
Results: A total of 300 type 2 Diabetes mellitus patients were recruited into the study. One hundred and three (35.3%) were males and 194 (64.7%) female. The mean age was 61.17+10.5 years with a mean age of 62.0+10.9 years for males and 60.7+10.3 years females respectively. Of the 300 participants, One hundred and eleven (37.0%) subjects achieved optimal lipid control while 187 (63.0%) of the study subjects had dyslipidaemia. 85 (28.3%) study participants had total cholesterol of >200 mg/dl, 115 (38.3%) with LDL cholesterol above 100 mg/dl and 24.7% with triglycerides of >150 mg/dl and 28.3% for HDL of <40 mg/dl in men and 50 mg/dl in women.
Conclusions: The proportion of patient with poor lipid goal was high. Adequate management of dyslipidaemia should be paramount in the management of type 2 diabetes patients.

Christianah, E, Kolawole B, Soyoye D, Adebayo J, Ikem R.  2020.  Influence of gender on the distribution of type 2 diabetic complications at the obafemi awolowo teaching hospital, Ile-Ife, Nigeria, 2020/04/20. 20:294-307. Abstract

Background:Sex specific differences appear particularly relevant in the management of type 2 DM.
Objective:
We determined gender specific differences in cardio-metabolic risk, microvascular and macrovascular complications in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Methods:
Four hundred type 2 diabetes patients, males and females, matched for age and disease duration were recruited from the diabetes clinic. Relevant clinical and laboratory information were obtained or performed.
Results:
190(47.5%) were male and 210 (52.5%) were female respectively. The mean age of the study population was 60.6 + 9.93 years. Women had higher prevalence of hypertension (and obesity. Mean total cholesterol was significantly higher in women but men were more likely to achieve LDL treatment goals than women (69.5% vs 59.0%, p<0.05). More women (47.1% & 31.4%) reached glycaemic goals of <10mmol/l for 2HPP and HBA1c of <7.0%.There were no gender differences in the distribution of microvascular and macrovascular complications (p>0.05) but women were more likely to develop moderate and severe diabetic retinopathy (p= 0.027).
Conclusion:
Women with T2DM had worse cardiometabolic risk profile with regards to hypertension, obesity and lipid goals. Men achieved therapeutic goals less frequently than did women in terms of glycaemia. Microvascular and macrovascular complications occurred commonly in both sexes.

Christianah, E, Soyoye D, Adebayo J, Kolawole B, Ikem R.  2016.  Glycaemic and other treatment goals attainment in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus at the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital, Ile-Ife South-West, Nigeria, 2016/06/01. 10:67-79. Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: The findings from previous studies as well as diabetes treatment guidelines show that Diabetes Mellitus (DM)
treatment extends beyond glycaemic control. This includes lowering lipids, blood pressure, and weight control with diet and
increase in physical activity. This study determined the proportion of Type 2 DM patients reaching glycaemic, blood pressure,
and lipid goals and related the presence of some complications to treatment goal attainment.
Method: This cross-sectional descriptive study involved three hundred (300) Type 2 diabetic patients consecutively recruited
from the diabetes clinic of OAUTHC, Ile-Ife. Relevant clinical information and physical examination were carried out.
Venous blood was collected to determine fasting plasma glucose, 2 hour postprandial glucose, glycated haemoglobin, total
cholesterol, low density lipoprotein, high density lipoprotein and triglycerides. Urine was collected for albumin and proteinuria.
Treatment goals were set using ADA criteria: HBA1c < 7%, blood pressure <130/80mmHg, total cholesterol < 200mg/dl,
triglycerides < 150mg/dl, LDL <100mg/dl and HDL >40mg/dl (1.1mmol/l) in males and >50mg/dl (1.3 mmol/l) in
females.
Results: A total of 300 patients with Type 2 Diabetes mellitus were recruited into the study. One hundred and six (35.3%)
were males and 194(64.7%) were females. Their mean age was 61.17 +10.5 years (62.0+ 10.9 years for males and 60.7+10.3years
females). Majority of the patients (44%) were traders.
Of the 300 participants, 8.3% achieved the combined optimal treatment goals for HBA1c, blood pressure and lipids. Seventy
(23.3%) achieved the HBA1c targets of <7.0%, 45.0 % attained the ADA blood pressure goal of <130/80mmHg and 37.0%
achieved optimal lipid goals. Bi-variate analysis showed statistically significant relationship between treatment targets attained
and reduction in the frequency of diabetic retinopathy, neuropathy, nephropathy and peripheral vascular diseases (p <0.001).
Logistic regression analysis showed that patients with short duration of DM, good compliance with medication, and 2 hours
postprandial blood glucose of less than 10mmol/l were more likely to attain HBA1c goal of <7.0%.
Conclusions: The proportion of patients not attaining treatment goals was high and majority of these patients bore a
greater burden of chronic diabetic complications.

Christianah, E, Mohammad F, Adebayo J, Lawal O, Kolawole B, Ikem R, Soyoye D.  2018.  Prevalence of Kock's diseases among diabetes patient attending state Specialist Hosital Akure South West Nigeria, 2018/11/02. Abstract
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Chukwuani, MC, Bolaji OO, Onyeji CO, Makinde ON, Ogunbona FA.  2004.  Evidence for increased metabolism of chloroquine during the early third trimester of human pregnancy.. Tropical Medicine and International Health. 9(5):1-5.
Chukwumah, NM, Folayan MO, Oziegbe E, Umweni A.  2016.  Impact of dental caries and its treatment on the quality of life of 12-15 year old adolescents in Benin, Nigeria. International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry . 26(1):66-76..doi:10.1111/ipd.12162..
Chukwumah, NM, Kolawole KA, Folayan MO, Oyedele TA, Oziegbe EO, Onyejaka N, Agbaje HO, Oshomoji V.  2018.  Non-nutritive oral habits, age, sex, socioeconomic status and infant feeding practices in children in sub-urban Nigeria . IOSR Journal of Medical and Dental Sciences . 17(3):7-13.
CIroham, O, Ogunba OA.  2008.  Client Influence on Valuation: Its effects on Lagging of Commercial Property Investments. Journal of the Faculty of Environmental Sciences, University of Lagos . 6(2):55-71.
CIroham, O, Ogunba OA.  2010.  “A Search for an Acceptable Margin of Valuation Error: A Case Study of Valuers and their Clients in Nigeria” . Sri Lankan Journal of Real Estate. Department of Estate Management and Valuation, Faculty of Management Studies & Commerce, University of Sri Jayawardenepura, Nugegoda, Sri Lanka.. (4):54-73.
Coker, M, Folayan M, Michelow I, Oladokun R, Torbunde N, Sam-Agudu N.  2020.  Things must not fall apart: the ripple effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on children in sub-Saharan Africa, 2020/09/24. 89 Abstract
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