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Babalola, O, Adesanya D.  2008.  An appraisal of the factors affecting production of cost estimate for electrical services in Nigeria, 2008/07/25. 13:200-208. Abstract

PurposeElectrical services contribute a substantial percentage of total construction cost of any particular project. It is essential for estimators to have a detailed knowledge of the factors that affect the incorporation of electrical services cost into the overall building project cost. The overall aim of the study that formed the basis for this paper therefore was to investigate the factors that influence cost estimating of electrical services project.
Design/methodology/approach
The study was carried out based on questionnaire survey of 225 organizations that are involved in cost estimating of electrical services projects in Nigeria. A total of 158 questionnaires out of the 163 retrieved were appropriate for analysis. A list of factors potentially influencing cost estimate for electrical services was identified for the respondents to rate. The data collected were analyzed using factor analysis based on principal component analysis and varimax orthogonal rotation.
Findings
The results shows that the factors affecting production of cost estimate for electrical services could be grouped into four principal factors: the most important factor grouping being estimator competence followed by project technicality, economic requirements and contract requirements.
Practical implications
Many factors are considered by practitioners in the preparation of cost estimate for electrical work in construction project development. The paper has listed about 23 factors that are relevant. However, this paper has shown that four principal factors need to be considered as they explain 64 percent of the factors affect cost estimate production for building project's electrical service works.
Originality/value
Review of literature has shown that there is limited empirical research on the factors influencing cost estimate production for electrical services work. The paper has produced an empirical research on the crucial factors that must be taken into account when producing cost estimate for the electrical service projects.

Babalola, CP, Olori EO, Kotila OA, Falade O, Kolade YT, Sylva BO.  2008.  Effect of Artesunate on Urinary Excretion of Cloxacillin. Nigerian Journal of Pharmaceutical research. Vol. 7(1):6-11.
Babalola, O, Barthlomew WV, Ogunwale JA, Obigbesan GO.  1978.  development, conservation and production potentials of the soil resources of Nigeria. Journal of environmental management. Abstract
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Babatimehin, O.  2011.  Geo-Political Patterns of Health Care Facilities in Kogi State, Nigeria, 2011/08/16. 4:141-147. Abstract

This study is about the distribution of health care facilities in Kogi State within the context of the geographyand politics of the state. Hence, the study analyses the spatial patterns of health care facilities among the three senatorial districts (which corresponds to the division along major ethnic lines) in the state. Also, the ownership structure of facilities and the relationship between population and distribution of health care facilities in the state are analysed. The list of health care facilities and ownership in Nigeria obtained from the Department of Health Planning and Research, Federal Ministry of Health served as database for the analysis of the spatial patterns of distribution and ownership of health care facilities in Kogi State. Also, the National Population Commission’s census figures provided information on the population of the State. Kogi State was stratified into the three existing senatorial districts – Kogi Central, Kogi East, and Kogi West. The total number of health care facilities and their ownership in each stratum were determined and used for the analyses. Data show that there exist inequalities in the distribution of HCFs among the various senatorial districts in the state. Kogi east senatorial district recorded the highest concentration of HCFs having 66.3% of all HCFs in the state, followed by Kogi west (19.6%) and Kogi central (14.1%). It is observed that the facility-population ratios for both PHC and SHC (1:2575 and 1:29024 respectively) are high. These proportions vary among the various senatorial districts; for example PHC-population ratios were 1:6850, 1:2746 and 1:1689 for Kogi central, west and east respectively; the ratios for SHC were 1:41,859, 1:27804 and 1:23736 for Kogi central, west and east respectively. Although, the government dominates the ownership of health care facilities in the state, her impact is heaviest in Kogi east where she owns 93% of HCFs as opposed to 70% in Kogi central where the impact is least. Kogi east which has produced the civilian Chief Executives of the state since its creation in 1991 ranks far ahead of the two other districts in the distribution of HCFs. Appropriate authorities should endeavour to achieve a more equitable distribution of health care facilities in the state, so as to engender equity and social justice.

Babatimehin, O, Uyeh J, Onukogu A.  2017.  Analysis of the Re-emergence and Occurrence of Cholera in Lagos State, Nigeria, 2017/06/01. 36 Abstract

This paper analysed the factors responsible for the re-emergence of cholera and predicted the future occurrence of Cholera in Lagos State, Nigeria using factor analysis, multiple linear regression analysis and a cellular automata model for the prediction. The study revealed six Local Government Areas (LGAs) under very high threat, nine under low threat, and Surulere and some parts of Amuwo Odofin under medium threat in the near future. These areas have an average population of 200,000 people each with the total tending towards millions of people, all under threat of cholera occurring and re-emerging in their communities. The factors relating to the re-emergence of the disease were discovered to be environmental (rainfall, R

Babatimehin, O, Nelson N-T, Oyinloye R, Adeoye N, Taiwo O, Daniel J.  2015.  Send Orders for Reprints to reprints@benthamscience.ae Geographical Analysis of the Patterns of Healthcare Facilities and HIV/ AIDS Response Sites in Benue State, Nigeria, 2015/01/01. 7:17-27. Abstract

This study analysed the spatial patterns and characteristics of healthcare facilities and HIV/AIDS response sites; and the relationship between the distribution of population and healthcare facilities/HIV/AIDS response sites in Benue State, the State with the highest record of HIV/AIDS in Nigeria. Primary and secondary data were used for the study. GPS receiver was used to obtain the geographic coordinates of healthcare facilities and HIV/AIDS response sites; and questionnaire to acquire attribute data of the sites. The secondary data used included the list of all healthcare facilities at community and LGA levels, maps, and the population of the state. The spatial analyses of the phenomena of interest were done based on the LGAs. All the 1243 healthcare facilities in the 23 LGAs of the state were captured in the study. Four key HIV/AIDS services (VCT, PMTCT, ART and HBC) were purposively selected for the study. The analogue map of Benue State was processed and used for various GIS analyses and cartographic enhancement for the purpose of report presentation. The study identified three categories of Healthcare Facilities (primary, secondary and tertiary) in the state. There existed spatial variation in the distribution of the various healthcare facilities in the state. The PHCs were observed to be more widely distributed in the state (93.4%) than the SHCs (6.3%) and THCs (0.2%) which were observed to be largely concentrated in the urban LGAs. Also, specialised HIV/AIDS services like PMTCT and ART were observed to be concentrated in the urban LGAs. The population/Facility ratio for PHCF, SHCF and THCF were 2,371:1; 34,413:1; and 1,376,539:1 respectively. There existed a direct relationship between both population and distribution of healthcare facilities (r = 0.694, p > 0.5); and population and the distribution of HIV/AIDS response sites (r = 0.664, p > 0.5) in the state. The study concluded that the problem of HIV/AIDS in Benue State is more engendered by the paucity of information about the availability of response sites than their inadequacy; and recommends that a robust database for healthcare facilities and HIV/AIDS response sites be developed at all levels in order to enhance information flow to policy formulators and by extension people who require healthcare and HIV/AIDS services.

Babatimehin, O, Ekwere N, Ekundayo O, Eludoyin A.  2020.  Water quality and perception on use in Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria, 2020/02/01. 20:100. Abstract
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Babatimehin, O.  2002.   A Review of Health Provision in Nigeria. . Implications for Human Capital Development and poverty Reduction. , Abuja: Lead Issues in Poverty Reduction, African Centre for Development Research.
Babatimehin, O, Nelson N-T, Oyinloye R, Adeoye N, Taiwo O, Ige J.  2015.  Geographical Analysis of the Patterns of Healthcare Facilities and HIV/ AIDS Response Sites in Benue State, Nigeria, 2015/03/20. 7:17-27. Abstract

This study analysed the spatial patterns and characteristics of healthcare facilities and HIV/AIDS response sites; and the relationship between the distribution of population and healthcare facilities/HIV/AIDS response sites in Benue State, the State with the highest record of HIV/AIDS in Nigeria. Primary and secondary data were used for the study. GPS receiver was used to obtain the geographic coordinates of healthcare facilities and HIV/AIDS response sites; and questionnaire to acquire attribute data of the sites. The secondary data used included the list of all healthcare facilities at community and LGA levels, maps, and the population of the state. The spatial analyses of the phenomena of interest were done based on the LGAs. All the 1243 healthcare facilities in the 23 LGAs of the state were captured in the study. Four key HIV/AIDS services (VCT, PMTCT, ART and HBC) were purposively selected for the study. The analogue map of Benue State was processed and used for various GIS analyses and cartographic enhancement for the purpose of report presentation. The study identified three categories of Healthcare Facilities (primary, secondary and tertiary) in the state. There existed spatial variation in the distribution of the various healthcare facilities in the state. The PHCs were observed to be more widely distributed in the state (93.4%) than the SHCs (6.3%) and THCs (0.2%) which were observed to be largely concentrated in the urban LGAs. Also, specialised HIV/AIDS services like PMTCT and ART were observed to be concentrated in the urban LGAs. The population/Facility ratio for PHCF, SHCF and THCF were 2,371:1; 34,413:1; and 1,376,539:1 respectively. There existed a direct relationship between both population and distribution of healthcare facilities (r = 0.694, p > 0.5); and population and the distribution of HIV/AIDS response sites (r = 0.664, p > 0.5) in the state. The study concluded that the problem of HIV/AIDS in Benue State is more engendered by the paucity of information about the availability of response sites than their inadequacy; and recommends that a robust database for healthcare facilities and HIV/AIDS response sites be developed at all levels in order to enhance information flow to policy formulators and by extension people who require healthcare and HIV/AIDS services.

Babatimehin, O, Nelson N-T, Oyinloye R, Adeoye N, Taiwo O, Ige J.  2015.  Geographical Analysis of the Patterns of Healthcare Facilities and HIV/ AIDS Response Sites in Benue State, Nigeria, 2015/03/20. 7:17-27. Abstract

This study analysed the spatial patterns and characteristics of healthcare facilities and HIV/AIDS response sites; and the relationship between the distribution of population and healthcare facilities/HIV/AIDS response sites in Benue State, the State with the highest record of HIV/AIDS in Nigeria. Primary and secondary data were used for the study. GPS receiver was used to obtain the geographic coordinates of healthcare facilities and HIV/AIDS response sites; and questionnaire to acquire attribute data of the sites. The secondary data used included the list of all healthcare facilities at community and LGA levels, maps, and the population of the state. The spatial analyses of the phenomena of interest were done based on the LGAs. All the 1243 healthcare facilities in the 23 LGAs of the state were captured in the study. Four key HIV/AIDS services (VCT, PMTCT, ART and HBC) were purposively selected for the study. The analogue map of Benue State was processed and used for various GIS analyses and cartographic enhancement for the purpose of report presentation. The study identified three categories of Healthcare Facilities (primary, secondary and tertiary) in the state. There existed spatial variation in the distribution of the various healthcare facilities in the state. The PHCs were observed to be more widely distributed in the state (93.4%) than the SHCs (6.3%) and THCs (0.2%) which were observed to be largely concentrated in the urban LGAs. Also, specialised HIV/AIDS services like PMTCT and ART were observed to be concentrated in the urban LGAs. The population/Facility ratio for PHCF, SHCF and THCF were 2,371:1; 34,413:1; and 1,376,539:1 respectively. There existed a direct relationship between both population and distribution of healthcare facilities (r = 0.694, p > 0.5); and population and the distribution of HIV/AIDS response sites (r = 0.664, p > 0.5) in the state. The study concluded that the problem of HIV/AIDS in Benue State is more engendered by the paucity of information about the availability of response sites than their inadequacy; and recommends that a robust database for healthcare facilities and HIV/AIDS response sites be developed at all levels in order to enhance information flow to policy formulators and by extension people who require healthcare and HIV/AIDS services.

Babatola, A, Olatunya O, Ogundare E, Ajibola A, Ojo T, Oluwayemi O, Aebukola A, Adeniyi A, Komolafe A, Fadare J, Oyelami O.  2021.  Pediatric Discharges Against Medical Advice: A Review of Cases in Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria, 08. Journal of Comprehensive Pediatrics. In Press Abstract
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Babatunde, S, M.O. B, Jagboro G, Opawole A.  2013.  An Evaluation of Factors Predisposing Building Elements to Variation in Nigeria, 04. Civil Engineering Dimension. 15 Abstract
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Babatunde, S, Perera S.  2017.  Cross-sectional comparison of public-private partnerships in transport infrastructure development in Nigeria, 2017/10/09. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management. 24:00-00. Abstract

PurposeAlthough scientific research community has shown considerable interest in identifying critical success factors (CSFs) for public-private partnership (PPP) projects, yet effort at assessing and compare CSFs within similar PPP infrastructure projects received scant attention. The purpose of this study is to identify, assess, and compare the CSFs in PPP transport infrastructure projects.
Design/methodology/approach
The study adopted literature review and three PPP case studies including structured interviews and review of documentary reports in each case study. The outcome of literature review provided a total list of 26 identified success factors, which was used to design a case study protocol using Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) technique. FMEA was conducted on each 26 identified success factor to assess their criticality in the three PPP case studies.
Findings
The results of FMEA revealed a total of 10 CSFs in the concession of the road; four CSFs in the concession of the airport; and eight CSFs in the concession of the seaport. Also, the cross-case analysis showed the three prevalent CSFs, this includes government involvement by providing guarantees, political support, and project economic viability.
Practical implications
The study findings including lessons learnt in each case study would positively influence policy development towards PPP transport infrastructure projects and the manner in which partners (i.e. public and private sector) go about the development of PPP transport projects.
Originality/value
This research would help PPP stakeholders to focus their attention and priorities in managing the identified CSFs in achieving long-term success in PPP transport infrastructure projects implementation.

Babatunde, S, Ekundayo D, Babalola O, Jimoh J.  2018.  Analysis of the drivers and benefits of BIM incorporation into quantity surveying profession: Academia and students’ perspectives, 2018/10/10. 16 Abstract

PurposeBuilding information modeling (BIM) inclusion in education pedagogy is crucial in preparing skilled graduates for employment in the construction industry. Against this backdrop, studies on BIM education abound in architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) programmes in higher education institutions (HEIs). However, there are limited empirical studies on BIM potentials in the quantity surveying (QS) profession in HEIs, particularly in developing countries. The purpose of this study is to identify and assess the BIM drivers and benefits as important to the QS profession using an empirical approach.
Design/methodology/approach
A comprehensive literature review was conducted to identify the BIM drivers and benefits in relation to the QS profession, which was used to design a questionnaire. To capture a broad perception, a questionnaire survey was carried out which targeted the academia and final year undergraduate students from two selected universities offering QS honour degree programmes in Nigeria. Data collected were analysed using mean score, standard deviation and Mann–Whitney test.
Findings
The study identified 12 BIM drivers in relation to the QS profession and the analysis of the ranking revealed that almost all the identified BIM drivers are considered by respondents as important. The study further identified 14 BIM benefits and the analysis of the ranking indicated that all the identified BIM benefits are considered as important. The results of the Mann–Whitney test indicated a slight statistically significant difference, particularly in one of the selected universities on the ranking of the BIM drivers and benefits as important to the QS profession.
Practical implication
The findings of the study provide empirical evidence on the current perceptions of the drivers and benefits of BIM to QS academia and students as they explore the concept for the advancement of QS profession.
Originality/value
This study would provide practical insights to use BIM for QS practice. Also, this study would contribute to improving the QS graduates and professional quantity surveyors understanding of the BIM knowledge applicable to QS profession.

Babatunde, S, Opawole A, I.C. U.  2012.  An Appraisal of Project Procurement Methods in the Nigerian Construction Industry, 09. Civil Engineering Dimension. 14 Abstract
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Babatunde, TO, Ajayi CA, Oladokun TT.  2016.  The Use of Social Media in Real Estate Transactions in Lagos, Nigeria.. 9th CIDB Postgraduate Conference. , River Club in Cape Town, South Africa
Babatunde, TO, Oladokun TT.  2018.  An Examination of Corporate Real Estate Holdings in Lagos Nigeria." . In Integrating the African Real Estate Market – An Agenda: the 18th AfRES Conference. AfRES. . , Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria: : African Real Estate Society
Babatunde, TB, Ajayi CA, Oladokun TT.  2015.  The Use of Social Media in Real Estate Transactions in Lagos, Nigeria. , Cape Town South Africa: 6thcidb Postgraduate Conference hosted from 2-4 February 2016
Babatunde, S, Opawole A, Akinsiku O.  2012.  Critical success factors in public-private partnership (PPP) on infrastructure delivery in Nigeria, 07. Journal of Facilities Management. 10:212-225. Abstract
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Babawale, GK, Ajayi CA.  2011.  Variance in Residential Property Valuation in Lagos, Nigeria . Property Management (UK). 29(3):222-237.
Babawale, OT.  2012.  CREATING THE FUTURE WE WANT. , Ile-Ife: Obafemi Awolowo
Baccarani, M, Castagnetti F, Gugliotta G, Rosti G, Soverini S, Albeer A, Pfirrmann M.  2019.  The proportion of different BCR-ABL1 transcript types in chronic myeloid leukemia. An international overview. Leukemia. 33:1173–1183., Number 5: Nature Publishing Group Abstract
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Bacher, U, Zander AR, Kröger N, Ibegbulam OG, Olusina DB, Oyekunle AA, Ocheni S.  2010.  EBV-Associated Malignancies.. The Open Infect Dis Journal. 4:101-112. Abstract
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Bada B.S., Amusan A.A, and Salami AT.  2003.  “Effect of Traffic Density on Heavy Metal Content of Soil and Vegetation along Roadsides in Osun State”,. West African Journal of Applied Ecology,. 4:pp107-114..