Prevalence, Pattern and Correlates of Intimate Partner Violence among Postpartum Women in Osogbo, Nigeria

Abiodun, A, Abiodun A, Ibigbami O.  2019.  Prevalence, Pattern and Correlates of Intimate Partner Violence among Postpartum Women in Osogbo, Nigeria, 2019/03/13.


Aim: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a public health issue in both developed and developingcountries. It is one of the most common forms of violence against women. It affects all ethnic
groups and it is not impeded by cultural, socio-economic or religious barriers. IPV in postpartum
women can increase the risk of homicide and suicide. The study aimed to assess the prevalence,
pattern and correlates of IPV among postpartum women attending postnatal and infant welfare
clinics of LAUTECH Teaching Hospital, Osogbo.
Study Design: This was a cross-sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted at LTH, Osogbo Nigeria between
September and November 2015.
Methodology: This was study conducted among 220 consenting postpartum women using
Composite Abuse Scale and socio-demographic questionnaire. Data were analyzed usingStatistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21. The level of statistical significance was
set at p-value less than 0.05.
Results: Prevalence of IPV was 26.8%, patterns of IPV were physical abuse 14.5%. Emotional
abuse, 26.3, severe combined abuse 9.9% and Harassment 14.5%. IPV was significantly
associated with support from respondents’ partner during pregnancy (χ2= 5.470, p=0.019) and
partner’s religion. (χ2= 7.746, p= 0.010) The odd ratio for those who had partner’s support was less
than 1. (OR =0.337, p=0.014, CI=0.141-0.803).
Conclusion: The prevalence of IPV is high among postpartum women. Increased media campaign
about intimate partner violence and preventive measures is urgently needed.