Caregiver Burden and Religious Coping in Caregivers of Patients with Major Mental Disorders: A Comparative Study

Citation:
Ibigbami, O, Dominic U, Eegunranti A, Mapayi B, Olutayo A, Akinsulore A, Opakunle T.  2019.  Caregiver Burden and Religious Coping in Caregivers of Patients with Major Mental Disorders: A Comparative Study, 2019/04/17.

Abstract:

Background: Family caregivers of people living with mental illness use religious coping strategies to cope with the burden of caring for their relatives.Objectives: To compare caregiver burden and religious coping and their interactions in caregivers of patients living with schizophrenia and bipolar affective disorder.
Methods: Caregivers of psychiatric patients, Schizophrenia (N=100) and Bipolar Affective Disorder (BAD) (N=100) were assessed for caregiver burden with the Burden Interview Schedule and religious coping with the Ways of Religious Coping Scale.
Results: The total burden level was higher in caregivers of schizophrenia patients than caregivers of BAD patients (t=3.53; p=0.001). The caregivers were found to use more of the internal ways of religious coping than the external ways of religious coping, while religious coping was significantly higher among the caregivers of schizophrenia patients (t=2.56; p=0.001). Predictors of the burden for both groups of caregivers were the number of previous admissions of the patient and depression in the caregivers while the duration of illness was a significant predictor of caregiver burden for bipolar affective disorder patients only. Age of onset of the illness and anxiety level were significant predictors of religious coping in both groups of caregivers, while the age of caregiver was an independent predictor of religious coping for only caregivers of BAD patients.
Conclusion: In spite of the potentials of religious coping as a coping strategy in stress, its application needs to be properly defined to determine who will benefit from what.

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