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2021
Folayan, M, Ibigbami O, Brown B, El Tantawi M, Uzochukwu B, Ezechi O, M. Aly N, Abeldaño G, Ara E, Ayanore M, Ayoola O, Osamika B, Ellakany P, Gaffar B, Idigbe I, Ishabiyi A, Jafer M, Khan A, Khalid Z, Nguyen A.  2021.  Differences in COVID-19 Preventive Behavior and Food Insecurity by HIV Status in Nigeria, 2021/08/13. :3. Abstract

The aim of the study was to assess if there were significant differences in the adoption of COVID-19 risk preventive behaviors and experience of food insecurity by people living with and without HIV in Nigeria. This was a cross-sectional study that recruited a convenience sample of 4471 (20.5% HIV positive) adults in Nigeria. Binary logistic regression analysis was conducted to test the associations between the explanatory variable (HIV positive and non-positive status) and the outcome variables-COVID-19 related behavior changes (physical distancing, isolation/quarantine, working remotely) and food insecurity (hungry but did not eat, cut the size of meals/skip meals) controlling for age, sex at birth, COVID-19 status, and medical status of respondents. Significantly fewer people living with HIV (PLWH) reported a positive COVID-19 test result; and had lower odds of practicing COVID-19 risk preventive behaviors. In comparison with those living without HIV, PLWH had higher odds of cutting meal sizes as a food security measure (AOR: 3.18; 95% CI 2.60-3.88) and lower odds of being hungry and not eating (AOR: 0.24; 95% CI 0.20-0.30). In conclusion, associations between HIV status, COVID-19 preventive behaviors and food security are highly complex and warrant further in-depth to unravel the incongruities identified.

Folayan, M, Ibigbami O, El Tantawi M, Brown B, M. Aly N, Ezechi O, Abeldaño G, Ara E, Ayanore M, Ellakany P, Gaffar B, Al-Khanati N, Idigbe I, Ishabiyi A, Jafer M, Khan A, Khalid Z, Lawal F, Lusher J, Nguyen A.  2021.  Factors Associated with Financial Security, Food Security and Quality of Daily Lives of Residents in Nigeria during the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic, 2021/07/27. 18:7925. Abstract

An online survey was conducted to identify factors associated with financial insecurity, food insecurity and poor quality of daily lives of adults in Nigeria during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. The associations between the outcome (experience of financial loss, changes in food intake and impact of the pandemic on daily lives) and the explanatory (age, sex, education level, anxiety, depression, HIV status) variables were determined using logistic regression analysis. Of the 4439 respondents, 2487 (56.0%) were financially insecure, 907 (20.4%) decreased food intake and 4029 (90.8%) had their daily life negatively impacted. Males (AOR:0.84), people who felt depressed (AOR:0.62) and people living with HIV -PLHIV- (AOR:0.70) had significantly lower odds of financial insecurity. Older respondents (AOR:1.01) had significantly higher odds of financial insecurity. Those depressed (AOR:0.62) and PLHIV (AOR:0.55) had significantly lower odds of reporting decreased food intake. Respondents who felt anxious (AOR:0.07), depressed (AOR: 0.48) and who were PLHIV (AOR:0.68) had significantly lower odds of reporting a negative impact of the pandemic on their daily lives. We concluded the study findings may reflect a complex relationship between financial insecurity, food insecurity, poor quality of life, mental health, and socioeconomic status of adults living in Nigeria during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Jegede, T, Tunde-Ayinmode M, Jegede T, Akinsulore A, Ibigbami O.  2021.  Bullying Behavior Roles and Mental Health Correlates Among Secondary School Students in Ilesa, Nigeria, 2021/07/01. Abstract

Objective: Bullying behaviour is pervasive, cuts across age group, transcends geographical location and its impacts include but not limited to physical or academic snags. The objective of the study is to determine bullying roles and their association with emotional or behavioural problems among adolescents in Ilesa, Nigeria. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed on 432 senior secondary school students (12-18 years old) in Ilesa (Nigeria). Peer Relationship Questionnaire was used to determine bullying roles and the Strength and Difficulty Questionnaire to measure behavioural problems. Results: Prevalence of bullying behaviour is high. The bully-victims had the highest means score on all subscales except pro-social. Similarly, the bully-victims was significantly associated with all subscales of the SDQ except the pro-social problems at (P< .001), (P=.024), (P= .004), (P= .004), and (P< .001) for conduct, emotional problem, hyperactivity problem, peer relationship problem and the total difficulty score respectively. Conclusion: This shows that participating in bullying behaviour irrespective of the role played increases the likelihood of psychological consequences, especially the bully-victim. There is a need to establish anti-bullying programs in schools to curb this menace and its mental health consequence.

Oloniniyi, I, Ibigbami O, Amiola A, Esan O, Esan O.  2021.  First Episode Psychosis during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Case Series, 2021/06/26. 38:599-603. Abstract

Introduction:Neuropsychiatric events are often associated with viral pandemics. The unexpected turn of events the world over since the onset of the coronavirus pandemic may serve as stressors which can trigger or worsen mental disorders particularly psychosis. There is little or no reports about acute psychosis on the background of this current global pandemic particularly in the African context. The aim of this article describes a case series of acute schizophrenia-like disorder with COVID-19 related psychotic themes in the context of the current pandemic.
Materials and methods:
We present a case series of 2 patients with first episode psychotic illnesses during the COVID-19 pandemic. Both patients presented at the mental health outpatient clinic of the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
Results:
Two patients with no previous history of mental illness presented with COVID-19 delusional themes and odd behaviours. Mental state examination revealed abnormalities in behaviour, thought system, perception and cognition. ICD10 diagnosis of Acute and Transient Psychotic disorder was made in both patients. There were no abnormal physical health findings and symptoms resolved with the use of antipsychotics.
Conclusion:
Information on the COVID-19 pandemic may influence the content of psychotic experiences among the general population. A high index of suspicion and acute services are important to ensure prompt intervention and promotion of community mental health. Clinicians need to be well informed to be able to identify what deviates from the norm, and to be able to provide prompt intervention.

Ukpong, D, Ibigbami O.  2021.  Correlates of Quality of Life in Caregivers of Patients with Schizophrenia and Bipolar Affective Disorder: A Study From Southwestern Nigeria, 2021/04/01. 32:26-32. Abstract

Objective:Quality of life and its correlates were studied in two groups of family caregivers of patients with major mental disorders-Schizophrenia (SZ) and Bipolar Affective Disorder (BPAD).
Method:
Family caregivers of SZ and BPAD patients were consecutively recruited to the study (n=100 for each group). Caregivers were screened for quality of life (QOL) measures, caregiver burden, symptoms of anxiety and depression, using the World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale (WHOQOL-BREF), the Pai and Kapur Family Burden Interview Schedule (FBIS) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Inventory (HADS) respectively.
Results:
When compared to the caregivers of the BPAD patients, the caregivers of the SZ patients had lower QOL scores in two out of the 4 WHOQOL-BREF domains (physical and psychological domains) (p=0.001), and higher overall total caregiver burden (p=0.001). On the other hand, caregivers of the BPAD patients had higher levels of depressive symptoms (p=0.001). Increased depressive symptoms were associated with lower QOL for both groups, comprising all WHOQOLBREF domains for BPAD and 3 domains for SZ caregivers. Higher caregiver burden was associated with lower QOL for both groups.
Conclusion:
There is a need for intervention and caregiver support for the relatives of patients with bipolar disorder and schizophrenia.

Mwita, M, Ibigbami O, Sukhai A.  2021.  Self-Immolation in Sub-Saharan Africa, 2021/02/03. :87-97. Abstract

Suicide by self-immolation is a traumatic and life-altering public health problem affecting communities in developing countries worldwide. Suicide research in Sub-Saharan Africa is limited, but epidemiologic studies, documented cases and clinical reports from South Africa, Nigeria and Zimbabwe allow us to construct a profile of enabling, predisposing and precipitating factors associated with self-immolation in this region of the continent, with distinct differences when compared to the self-immolations in Northern Africa. This chapter addresses the epidemiology of suicide and demographic factors of self-immolators in Sub-Saharan Africa, as well as predisposing factors, in order to determine suicide risk among individuals and communities and better design prevention strategies. Risk factors include access to means, social vulnerability, intimate partner violence, and the intergenerational transmission of trauma. We also discuss historical events and context, cultural and psychosocial factors that may predispose vulnerable individuals to suicide by self-immolation. Transcultural factors include xenophobia, suicide by contagion, fundamentalist religious attitudes, the criminalization of suicide and discrimination against persons with mental disorders.

Oginni, O, Oloniniyi I, Ibigbami O, Ugo V, Amiola A, Ogunbajo A, Esan O, Adelola A, Daropale O, Ebuka M, Mapayi B.  2021.  Depressive and anxiety symptoms and COVID-19-related factors among men and women in Nigeria, 08. PLOS ONE. 16:e0256690. Abstract
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2019
Ibigbami, O, Adewuya A, Akinsulore A, Aloba O, Mapayi B, Ibigbami A, Olowookere S.  2019.  PERSONALITY TRAITS AND RELATED FACTORS IN RISKY SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR AMONG AN UNDERGRADUATE STUDENT POPULATION IN SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA, 2019/12/01. Abstract

Differences in personality traits have been shown to determine variable propensities for sexual risk-taking. No study has examined the relationship between risky sexual behavior (RSB) and personality traits in undergraduate student populations in southwestern Nigeria. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between personality traits and RSB in an undergraduate student population in Nigerian. A total of 385 students (204 males and 181 females) of a university in Southwestern Nigeria were recruited adopting a multistage, stratified, systematic sampling technique. The study participants completed a semi-structured socio-demographic questionnaire, the Big Five Inventory, the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test and the Sexual Risk Survey Questionnaire. Personality traits with significant negative correlations with RSB were Conscientiousness (r =-0.186, P = 0.001) and Agreeableness (r =-0.137, P= 0.011). Extraversion personality trait had significantly positive correlation with RSB (r = 0.109, P = 0.047). Binary logistic regression analysis revealed that the factors independently associated with RSB were alcohol use (OR = 9.4, 95%CI = 1.87-47.41, p = 0.001), tribe (OR = 2.6, 95%CI = 1.12-5.97, p = 0.025), dating status (OR = 4.3, 95%CI = 2.34-8.02, p<0.001) and the quality of relationship with the first sexual partner (OR = 0.22, 95%CI = 0.107-0.405, P<0.001). None of the personality traits reached statistical significance at the level of regression analysis. Effective control of RSB among this study population can be achieved by focusing on the control of alcohol use and supporting young adults who are interested in dating relationships.

Ibigbami, O, Dominic U, Eegunranti A, Mapayi B, Olutayo A, Akinsulore A, Opakunle T.  2019.  Caregiver Burden and Religious Coping in Caregivers of Patients with Major Mental Disorders: A Comparative Study, 2019/04/17. Abstract

Background: Family caregivers of people living with mental illness use religious coping strategies to cope with the burden of caring for their relatives.Objectives: To compare caregiver burden and religious coping and their interactions in caregivers of patients living with schizophrenia and bipolar affective disorder.
Methods: Caregivers of psychiatric patients, Schizophrenia (N=100) and Bipolar Affective Disorder (BAD) (N=100) were assessed for caregiver burden with the Burden Interview Schedule and religious coping with the Ways of Religious Coping Scale.
Results: The total burden level was higher in caregivers of schizophrenia patients than caregivers of BAD patients (t=3.53; p=0.001). The caregivers were found to use more of the internal ways of religious coping than the external ways of religious coping, while religious coping was significantly higher among the caregivers of schizophrenia patients (t=2.56; p=0.001). Predictors of the burden for both groups of caregivers were the number of previous admissions of the patient and depression in the caregivers while the duration of illness was a significant predictor of caregiver burden for bipolar affective disorder patients only. Age of onset of the illness and anxiety level were significant predictors of religious coping in both groups of caregivers, while the age of caregiver was an independent predictor of religious coping for only caregivers of BAD patients.
Conclusion: In spite of the potentials of religious coping as a coping strategy in stress, its application needs to be properly defined to determine who will benefit from what.

Abiodun, A, Abiodun A, Ibigbami O.  2019.  Prevalence, Pattern and Correlates of Intimate Partner Violence among Postpartum Women in Osogbo, Nigeria, 2019/03/13. Abstract

Aim: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a public health issue in both developed and developingcountries. It is one of the most common forms of violence against women. It affects all ethnic
groups and it is not impeded by cultural, socio-economic or religious barriers. IPV in postpartum
women can increase the risk of homicide and suicide. The study aimed to assess the prevalence,
pattern and correlates of IPV among postpartum women attending postnatal and infant welfare
clinics of LAUTECH Teaching Hospital, Osogbo.
Study Design: This was a cross-sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted at LTH, Osogbo Nigeria between
September and November 2015.
Methodology: This was study conducted among 220 consenting postpartum women using
Composite Abuse Scale and socio-demographic questionnaire. Data were analyzed usingStatistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21. The level of statistical significance was
set at p-value less than 0.05.
Results: Prevalence of IPV was 26.8%, patterns of IPV were physical abuse 14.5%. Emotional
abuse, 26.3, severe combined abuse 9.9% and Harassment 14.5%. IPV was significantly
associated with support from respondents’ partner during pregnancy (χ2= 5.470, p=0.019) and
partner’s religion. (χ2= 7.746, p= 0.010) The odd ratio for those who had partner’s support was less
than 1. (OR =0.337, p=0.014, CI=0.141-0.803).
Conclusion: The prevalence of IPV is high among postpartum women. Increased media campaign
about intimate partner violence and preventive measures is urgently needed.

2018
Akinsulore, A, Opakunle T, Aloba O, Suleiman B, Ibigbami O.  2018.  The relationship between obsessive compulsive symptoms and quality of life in Nigerian patients with schizophrenia, 2018/09/01. 55 Abstract

Background: Obsessive compulsive symptoms (OCS) are relatively common in schizophrenia. Their presence and severity can affect the quality of life (QoL) of schizophrenia patients. Objective: This study aimed to determine the effect of OCS on the subjective QoL of the Nigerian outpatients with schizophrenia. It also determines the sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with OCS. Method: A cross-sectional study involving 232 patients with schizophrenia completed socio-demographic and clinical characteristics questionnaire. OCS was examined with Obsessive Compulsive Inventory (OCI) and QoL was assessed using the brief version of the World Health Organisation Quality of Life questionnaire. Result: Most of the schizophrenia patients with OCS were unmarried, unemployed, had an earlier onset, longer duration of illness, and were on higher doses of antipsychotics. They reported lower QoL and more severity of symptoms of schizophrenia when compared to those without OCS. The OCI total and it's subscales had negative weak to moderate relationship with all the domains of the WHOQoL Bref. Being unemployed, dosage of antipsychotic medication, negative symptoms and OCI total were the predictors of the total quality of life among Nigerian schizophrenia patients. Conclusion: OCS are very common and reduce QoL of schizophrenia patients. Hence, there is a need to routinely screen patients with schizophrenia for OCS and manage them appropriately.

2017
Fawale, M, Ismaila I, Mustapha A, Komolafe M, Ibigbami O.  2017.  Correlates of sleep quality and sleep duration in a sample of urban-dwelling elderly Nigerian women, 2017/06/01. 3 Abstract

ObjectivesAging, female sex, and urbanization increase the risk of sleep impairment. Sleep in urban-dwelling elderly African women has been sparsely studied. We studied the characteristics and correlates of sleep quality and habitual sleep duration in a primary care population of urban-living Nigerian women.
Methods
Sleep quality and sleep duration over the previous 1 month were estimated using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Excessive daytime sleepiness, risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and depressive symptoms were also assessed.
Results
Of the 428 subjects included, 117 (27.3%) were poor sleepers endorsing PSQI scores >5, whereas 126 (29.4%) slept <7 hours. The poor sleepers were more likely to be obese (P = .022), to have a high risk for OSA (P = .013), and to have clinically significant depressive symptoms (P = .001) compared with the good sleepers. Habitual sleep duration of <7 hours was associated with past oral contraceptive use (P = .025) and a trend toward a higher likelihood of high risk for OSA (P = .05) and coffee consumption (P = .05). On regression, the odds of high risk for OSA were higher with poor sleep quality and sleep duration <7 hours, respectively, whereas the odds of coffee consumption were higher with sleep duration <7 hours.
Conclusions
Poor sleep quality and inadequate sleep are common in our population of elderly women. High risk for OSA independently predicts poor sleep quality and, along with report of coffee consumption, independently predicts habitual sleep duration of <7 hours.

2016
Fawale, M, Ibigbami O, Ismail I, Mustapha A, Komolafe M, Olamoyegun M, Adedeji T.  2016.  Risk of obstructive sleep apnea, excessive daytime sleepiness and depressive symptoms in a Nigerian elderly population, 2016/05/01. 9 Abstract

Objectives:To evaluate the risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in a primary care population of elderly Nigerians and to determine its correlates.
Methods:
Clinical and demographic data of 414 elderly individuals in a primary care clinic were obtained. Their risk of OSA was estimated using Berlin questionnaire while Epworth sleepiness scale and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CESD-10) were also administered.
Results:
Of the 414 subjects, 96 (23.2%) met the criteria for a high risk for OSA with a male to female ratio of 1:1. Subjects at high OSA risk (high OSA risk group) were younger than those at low OSA risk (low OSA risk group) (71.4±6.8 vs 73.6±7.7, p=0.011). Mean body mass index (BMI, kg/m(2)) (27.3±5.8 vs 24.7±5.1, p<0.001) and waist circumference (WC, cm) (90.7±13.1 vs 86.5±13.9, p=0.011) were higher in the high OSA risk group compared with the low OSA risk group. A total of 215 (51.9%) and 62 (15.0%) subjects had clinically significant depressive symptoms (CESD-10 score≥10) and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), respectively. On regression, the odds of EDS, depressive symptoms, increased BMI and younger age were significantly higher in the high OSA risk group compared with the low OSA risk group.
Conclusions:
High risk for OSA and depressive symptoms are common in our sample of elderly Nigerians. Depressive symptoms, EDS, BMI and age independently predict high OSA risk in the elderly.

Olaosun, A, A.O A, M.O G, Ogundiran O, P F, Ibigbami O.  2016.  Ototoxicity in drug-resistant tuberculosis patients - a case report emphasizing the importance of audio-vestibular monitoring during treatment, 2016/02/01. 15:69-74. Abstract

Case of profound hearing loss developing in a patient with previously normal hearing following drug treatment for drug-resistant tuberculosis is reported. At present there are no specific audio-vestibular monitoring recommendations in most drug-resistant tuberculosis programs, and patients are at a high risk of developing irreversible ototoxicity before it is discovered. The report emphasizes the need for frequent and regular monitoring of the audio-vestibular system during treatment for drug-resistant and multi-drug resistant tuberculosis, the need for policy support for such monitoring and the need to develop innovative solutions to the financial and logistical challenges that such policies and monitoring would create.

Eegunranti, A, Ibigbami O, Joshua F.  2016.  Pattern of Psychiatric Presentations in a Private Specialist Hospital in Osogbo, Osun State, 2016/01/01. 5:29-38. Abstract

BackgroundIn spite of the challenges of stigma and low level of awareness associated with mental health and mental health care service delivery in Nigeria, venturing into private practice remains one of the options of mental health professionals. Our study explored the pattern of psychiatric presentations in a private specialist hospital in Osogbo, South Western Nigeria over a period of 5 years (2010-2015).
Aim:
Review the pattern of presentations of clients with psychiatric illness to Royal City Specialist Hospital, Aderin, Osogbo, Osun State over a period of 5 Years.
Methods
The hospital records of patients who have been assessed within the hospital were reviewed. Information on their socio-demographic and health related characteristics were extracted from the case files and analyzed.
Results
`Over a period of 5 years, a total of 282 patients with mental health challenges have made use of the hospital with
34 (12.1%) still current users of the service. There was a slight male predominance (51.4%). The age of clients ranged from
7-100 years, with a mean of 37.65 years. A total of 16 (5.7%) of the clients were less than or equal to 19 years of age and the age bracket with the highest number of clients was 20-45 years (203; 72%). Majority of the patients (256/90.8%) presented on their own without referrals. The primary informants include the patients (165/58.5%), spouse (16/5.7%), Son/daughter (21/7.4%). The commonest presentation was poor sleep (180/63.8%) while the commonest diagnosis was Schizophrenia (61/21.6%). A total of 8 clients were discharged from the clinic while 242 (85.8%) had defaulted from follow up. Number of visits before defaulting ranged from 1- 6 visits.
Conclusion
Specialist Psychiatric service delivery in private hospitals remains one of the ways of meeting the mental health needs of mentally ill person. However, there is a need to properly explore the reasons for the defaults of the clients.

Eegunranti, A, Ibigbami O, Joshua F.  2016.  Pattern of Psychiatric Presentations in a Private Specialist Hospital in Osogbo, Osun State, 2016/01/01. 5:29-38. Abstract

BackgroundIn spite of the challenges of stigma and low level of awareness associated with mental health and mental health care service delivery in Nigeria, venturing into private practice remains one of the options of mental health professionals. Our study explored the pattern of psychiatric presentations in a private specialist hospital in Osogbo, South Western Nigeria over a period of 5 years (2010-2015).
Aim:
Review the pattern of presentations of clients with psychiatric illness to Royal City Specialist Hospital, Aderin, Osogbo, Osun State over a period of 5 Years.
Methods
The hospital records of patients who have been assessed within the hospital were reviewed. Information on their socio-demographic and health related characteristics were extracted from the case files and analyzed.
Results
`Over a period of 5 years, a total of 282 patients with mental health challenges have made use of the hospital with
34 (12.1%) still current users of the service. There was a slight male predominance (51.4%). The age of clients ranged from
7-100 years, with a mean of 37.65 years. A total of 16 (5.7%) of the clients were less than or equal to 19 years of age and the age bracket with the highest number of clients was 20-45 years (203; 72%). Majority of the patients (256/90.8%) presented on their own without referrals. The primary informants include the patients (165/58.5%), spouse (16/5.7%), Son/daughter (21/7.4%). The commonest presentation was poor sleep (180/63.8%) while the commonest diagnosis was Schizophrenia (61/21.6%). A total of 8 clients were discharged from the clinic while 242 (85.8%) had defaulted from follow up. Number of visits before defaulting ranged from 1- 6 visits.
Conclusion
Specialist Psychiatric service delivery in private hospitals remains one of the ways of meeting the mental health needs of mentally ill person. However, there is a need to properly explore the reasons for the defaults of the clients.

2015
Ibigbami, O, Egunranti A, Akinsulore A, Olowookere S, Adebukola I.  2015.  Patients Satisfaction with Nursing Care in a Maternity Unit in South-Western Nigeria: Relationship with Self Esteem, 2015/03/01. 23:176-183. Abstract

The purpose of health care institution is to satisfy the health care needs of their patients. Measuring patient satisfaction has improved services provided by health care institutions. Among factors that influence patient satisfaction, self-esteem of the clients has not received much attention in research. The aim of this study was to assess patient satisfaction with nursing care in a maternity unit and its relationship with self-esteem. A descriptive cross-sectional study in which 100 women were interviewed at the immunization clinic of the Wesley Guild Hospital within six weeks post-delivery. Respondents completed socio-demographic questionnaire, the modified La Monica-Oberst Patient Satisfaction Scale (LAOPSS) and the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale. The mean age of respondents was 29.9 years while mean satisfaction score was 97.98 (SD-15.3; Range-79) with mean self-esteem being 30.15 (SD-6.59; Range-38). Factors associated with higher levels of patient satisfaction were having tertiary education, having 1-3 children, being employed, higher income, higher levels of self-esteem and longer duration of hospital stay. Predictors of patient satisfaction were self-esteem and duration of hospital stay. Self-esteem of women has a strong influence on their satisfaction with nursing care in maternity units. Measures towards enhancing their understanding of the care given to them and promoting their self-esteem are strong components of improving their satisfaction with nursing careKeywords: Patient satisfaction, Self-esteem, Nursing care, Maternity

2014
Mapayi, B, Oladimeji BY, Akinsulore A, Olutayo A, Ibigbami O.  2014.  Personality Profiles and Psychopathology Among Students Exposed to Dating Violence at the Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, 2014/05/20. 30 Abstract

Dating violence is a complex phenomenon, and researchers continue to examine a wide range of precursors and contributing factors. Evidence indicates that violent intimate partners may be more likely to have personality disorders and dependency and attachment problems compared with non-violent ones. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the interaction between the personality profiles, pattern of psychopathology, and dating violence among university students in Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife. The study utilized a cross-sectional survey design with a total of 400 students selected using a multistage sampling technique. They completed the Sociodemographic Data Schedule, the Conflict Tactic Scale (CTS), Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ), and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ). Univariate analysis was used to determine the prevalence of dating violence, psychopathology, and personality traits, and these were expressed in percentages. Association at bivariate level was assessed using chi-square and at multivariate level using logistic regression and correlations as was appropriate depending on the type of variable. The age of the respondents ranged between 18 and 35 years (M = 21.44, SD = 2.99). The prevalence of dating violence in the previous 12 months was 34%, and the prevalence of psychopathology was 15%. In the logistic regression model constructed, it was found that the significant predictors of dating violence were the psychoticism and neuroticism personality traits, which were also found to be positive correlates of psychopathology. The magnitude of dating violence found in this study is comparable with those found in other countries of the world. This study found an association between dating violence and personality in the study population and also between certain personality traits and psychopathology. The personality profiles of students could affect their interpersonal relationships greatly, and this fact must feature in dating violence prevention programs.

2013
Mosaku, K, Akinsulore A, Onwuchekwa IJ, Ibigbami O, Fatoye F.  2013.  Personality Traits among Inmates of Aba Prison in Nigeria: Influence of the Five Factor Model on Inmate Status and type of Offences, 2013/01/01. 12:9-15. Abstract

Background: Personality traits are the basic elements in the study of personality and it influences decision making by affecting our choices about whether to engage in different behaviours. Knowledge of the different personality traits among prison inmate is useful as it will assists in the development of interventions and strategies that target people with specific trait profiles so as to maximize their e f f e c t i v e n e s s i n c h a n g i n g behaviour. Aim: To assess the personality traits of inmates in Aba prison Methods: Four hundred and six inmates were studied. Each inmate completed a semi-structured sociodemographic questionnaire a n d p e r s o n a l i t y t r a i t s w e r e assessed with the 44-item Big Five Inventory. Results: The majority (72.7%) of the inmates were within the age r a n g e o f 2 1 -4 0 y e a r s . T h e personality trait with the highest mean score was openness while neuroticism had the lowest mean score. A large proportion of the inmates were awaiting trial (94.6%) while only few were convicted inmates (5.4%). The most common type of offence among the inmate was armed robbery (34.0%), followed by stealing, murder and assault (29.6%, 17.0% and 15.0 respectively) while rape and kidnapping were the least common o f f e n c e (0 . 5 % a n d 0 . 2 % respectively). The convicted inmates reported significant higher mean scores on extraversion and agreeableness than the awaiting trial inmates. There were significant 9 d i f f e r e n c e s i n a l l B i g F i v e personality domain scores in the different inmate's charges using ANOVA except in neuroticism. Conclusion: The findings of high extraversion and agreeableness traits among Nigerian convicted inmates and significant differences in personality trait of the different inmate charges open up new opportunities for further research.

2012
Akinsulore, A, Fatoye F, O.B. A, Aloba O, Mapayi B, Ibigbami O.  2012.  Psychoactive substance use among psychiatric outpatients in a Nigerian teaching hospital, 2012/01/01. 10:2-7. Abstract
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2010
Fatoye, FO, Eegunranti BA, Fatoye GK, Amoo G, Omoaregba JO, Ibigbami OI.  2010.  Sociodemographic and Offence-related characteristics of Homicide Offenders in a Nigerian prison. Nigerian Journal of Psychiatry. 8, Number 1 Abstract
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2008
Ogunlusi, J, Oluwadiya K, Ogunlusi O, Oginni L, Oyedeji O, Ibigbami O.  2008.  Acquired Boneless Forearm as a Complication of Traditional Bone Setting, 2008/04/01. 31:288. Abstract

An 8-year-old girl sustained closed fracture of the right ulna 10 weeks prior to presentation. She was taken to a traditional bone setter who applied a tight splint. The patient reported pain, but the splint was not removed. A week after application of the splint, a foul odor was detected and removal of the splint showed extensive exposure of the forearm bones. Above elbow amputation was rejected by the patient's parents when she was taken to hospital, where she was admitted for 8 weeks by a second traditional bone setter. A trained nurse applied herbal concoctions and dressed the wound daily in anticipation that the skin would cover the exposed bone fragments. She was brought to our hospital for wound dressing so that the skin would cover the exposed bones fragments. Examination revealed a grossly shortened right forearm--by 7 cm compared with her left--extensive exposure of both radius and ulna at the anterior aspect of the forearm, and loss of sensation and movement of the fingers. Radiographs showed sequestrated radius and ulna with involucrum around the olecranon process. Above elbow amputation was offered to the patient but the parents again declined. The forearm bones detached while scrubbing the wound for review and removal of the sequestrated bone. The wound healed within one and a half weeks of dressing, resulting in an acquired boneless forearm.

2007
Adewuya, AO, Ola BA, Aloba OO, Mapayi BM, Ibigbami OI, ADEWUMI TA.  2007.  Alcohol Use Disorders among Nigerian University Students: Prevalence and Sociodemographic Correlates. Nigerian Journal of Psychiatry. 5, Number 1 Abstractadewuya2011.pdf

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