FOOD SECURITY AND ORAL HEALTH OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN NIGERIA.

Citation:
Ogunbodede, E, AMEDARI MI, Rudolph M.  2014.  FOOD SECURITY AND ORAL HEALTH OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN NIGERIA., 2014/06/27.

Abstract:

Objective: Oral health is associated with the availability, accessibility, and utilization of food. The objective of this study is to investigate the physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food among university students in Nigeria, and relate these to their oral health.Method: Extensive literature review was conducted using internet sources, journal publications and official reports. Cross-sectional stratified random sampling was conducted for undergraduate university students resident on campus at Obafemi Awolowo University. Data was collected using a modified format of the United States Household Food Security Survey Module of the USDA, with a section on oral health. Data was analysed using the SPSS Statistical package (Version 16) and differences were taken as significant at p<0.05.
Result:
Using the data collected, respondents were categorised into a “food secure” and “food insecure” groups. Food insecure individuals were more likely to have dental pathologies including toothache, gum bleeding, and oro-facial pain. They also had more
frequent history of tooth removal, irregular dental visit and less frequent tooth brush
Conclusion: Individuals challenged by the unavailability, inaccessibility, and poor utilization of safe and nutritious foods tend to have poorer oral health compared to those with better food security.

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