Rural - Urban Interactions within the Forest Region of South-Western Nigeria

Olayiwola, AM, Olawole MO.  2012.  Rural - Urban Interactions within the Forest Region of South-Western Nigeria. CHALLENGES OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA AT 50: ISSUES AND POLICY OPTIONS. , Ile-Ife: Faculty of Social Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University


This study aimed at finding out and examining the forms of interaction among the rural and urban settlements in Ijesaland, Osun State in the forest region of southwestern Nigeria. The study revealed that interactions in the study area were influenced by factors such as distance, and availability of alternative centre outside the region. As economic interaction in the study area showed that people were more unwilling to travel to the service centres as distance increases from them, social interaction indicated a relatively low distance decay function suggesting that distance factor had little impact on social interactions among settlements in the study area. The observed
interrelationships among settlements of various hierarchies in Ijesaland were linked to historical ties that bind them. However, the observed patterns showed that settlements of the same hierarchy interacted more among themselves than with any other. With these results, it is hoped that the attentions of policy makers in Nigeria, as a whole, would be paid to the development of policies to address the specific needs of the urban and rural areas in the country. The study underscored that traditional ethnographic regions are often characterized by regional imbalance relating to Core-periphery Model of Freidman.

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