Nanoplatelets ammonium nickel-cobalt phosphate graphene foam composite as novel electrode material for hybrid supercapacitors

Citation:
Mahmoud, B, Mirghni A, Oyedotun K, Fasakin O, Manyala N.  2021.  Nanoplatelets ammonium nickel-cobalt phosphate graphene foam composite as novel electrode material for hybrid supercapacitors, 2021/06/01. 883:160897.

Abstract:

Nanoplatelets NH4(NiCo)PO4·H2O and NH4(NiCo)PO4·H2O/GF composites were synthesized through a hydrothermal approach and used as actively positive electrode for hybrid supercapacitor. Electrochemical performances of the samples were carried out in both the 3and 2-electrode measurements in 1 M KOH solution. The composite NH4(NiCo)PO4·H2O/GF exhibited an improved specific capacity of 111 mAh g⁻¹ over the pristine NH4(NiCo)PO4·H2O material with a 100 mAh g⁻¹, which was obtained at 0.5 Ag⁻¹. Moreover, an assembled hybrid device NH4(NiCo)PO4·H2O/GF//AC revealed maximum specific energy of 47 Wh kg⁻¹ and specific power of 468 W/kg at 0.5 Ag⁻¹. The device was subjected to a long-term stability test of over 10,000 GCD cycles and could retain about 70% of its initial capacity and also proved a columbic efficiency of 99.8% at 10.0 A g⁻¹. Interestingly, the device could preserve a 1.14 V of its initial potential window of 1.4 V after being subjected to a 72 h self-discharge test, showing an efficiency of 81.4%. Based on the results discussed on this work, the NH4(NiCo)PO4·H2O/GF composite could be an excellent candidate as future energy storage material, specifically supercapacitors.

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