Plantation Agriculture as a Driver of Deforestation and Degradation of Central African Coastal Estuarine Forest Landscape of South-Western Cameroon

Citation:
Patience, U, Adesina F, Orimoogunje O.  2014.  Plantation Agriculture as a Driver of Deforestation and Degradation of Central African Coastal Estuarine Forest Landscape of South-Western Cameroon, 2014/01/01.

Abstract:

Plantation agriculture has a long history of establishment in Cameroon and is increasing at an unprecedented rate with detrimental impacts on coastal estuarine forest landscape. Remote sensing data from Landsat imageries and geographic information system (GIS) techniques were used to analyse changes in the areal extent of plantations within the coastal Atlantic estuarine forest complex area of Cameroon between the periods 1986, 2000 and 2011 to ascertain the extent of deforestation due to plantation agriculture. Given the base year of 1986(67,792 ha of plantation), the results showed a 67 and 47 % decrease in the dense coastal estuarine forest coverage in 2000 (14,032 ha) and 2011 (24,564 ha), respectively, in the area and an increase in the area occupied by plantations (51,295 ha in 2000 and 68,340 ha in 2011) giving an annual loss of 3.4 % estuarine forest complex and an increase in plantation area of 0.03 % from the periods 1986 to 2011. There is need for better plantation management practices and policies to curb further loss in estuarine forest cover with consequent implications on the Wouri estuary.

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