Type 2 DM risk evaluation in Nigerian undergraduates in Ile Ife: a comparison of the Finnish vs Indian risk scoring system

Citation:
Yusuff, O, Owolabi F, Lawal-Bello A, Amjo O, Soyoye D, Kolawole B.  2016.  Type 2 DM risk evaluation in Nigerian undergraduates in Ile Ife: a comparison of the Finnish vs Indian risk scoring system, 2016/10/14.

Abstract:

Background & objectives: Type 2 diabetes is on the increase especially among young people around the world due to increase in obesity and sedentary life style. Many risks scoring system has been developed and validated worldwide. Most are simple and inexpensive.This research was to determine the applicability of these scoring systems in our environment and to compare the sensitivity of the Finnish versus the Indian scoring system in OAU undergraduates at Ile-Ife.
Methods: Hundred and eighty undergraduate students of OAU were recruited, the two questionnaires were administered which incorporated simple parameters such as age, abdominal obesity, BMI, physical activity, family history of DM, consumption of fruits and vegetable.
Results: 73.3% had low risk while 26.7% had moderate risk, 0% had high risk using the IDRS. While FINDRISC had 87.2% with low risk, 12.2% slightly elevated risk and 0.6%with moderate risk. The IDRS was more sensitive in detecting those at risk compared to the FINDRISC.
Conclusions: Most of the respondents had low risk of developing type 2 DM, It is important to educate them on prevention of type 2 DM. A Nigerian DM risk score should be developed.
Keywords: T2DM, India Diabetes Risk Score (IDRS), Finnish Diabetes risk score (FINDRISC), Prevention.

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